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The Arctic- The Arctic region is a unique area among Earth's ecosystems. Arctic tundra occurs in the far Northern Hemisphere, north of the taiga belt.The word "tundra" usually refers only to the areas where the subsoil is permafrost, or permanently frozen soil. (It may also refer to the treeless plain in general, so that northern Sápmi would be included.) Permafrost tundra includes vast areas of northern Russia and Canada. The polar tundra is home to several peoples who are mostly nomadic reindeer herders, such as the Nganasan and Nenets in the permafrost area (and the Sami in Sápmi).

The Circle itself passes through eight countries. Canada, Finland, Greenland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, United States. Denmark which represents Greenland, and the Faroe Islands is a member of the Arctic Council. The cultures in the region and the Arctic indigenous peoples have adapted to its cold and extreme conditions. Very few people live north of the Arctic Circle due to the cold conditions. The three largest communities above the Arctic Circle are situated in Russia; Murmansk (population 325,100), Norilsk (135,000), and Vorkuta (85,000). Tromsø in Norway has about 62,000 inhabitants, whereas Rovaniemi in Finland—which lies slightly south of the line—has slightly fewer than 58,000.

The Circumpolar North or Arctic generally includes the lands surrounding the Arctic Circle and these indigenous peoples. Evenks, Inuit, Greenland, Northern Canada (Nunavut and Northwest Territories), Alaska, Chukotka (Russia) , Koryaks, Nenets, Khanty, Chukchi, Sami Northern Norway, Sweden, Finland, and Kola peninsula in Russia and Yukaghirs.

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Right whales are baleen whales belonging to the genus Eubalaena. Four right whale species are recognised in this genus.

Sometimes the family Balaenidae is considered to be the family of right whales. Bowhead Whale, which has its own genus, Balaena also belongs to the Balaenidae family, and so is sometimes considered a right whale. However, this article focuses on the Eubalaena species.

Right whales can grow up to 18 m (60 ft) long and weigh up to 100 tons. Their rotund bodies are mostly black, with distinctive callosities (roughened patches of skin) on their heads. They are called "right whales" because whalers thought the whales were the "right" ones to hunt, as they float when killed and often swim within sight of the shore. Populations were vastly reduced by intensive harvesting during the active years of the whaling industry. Today, instead of hunting them, people often watch these acrobatic whales for pleasure.

The four Balaenidae species live in distinct locations. Approximate population figures:

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Kenojuak Ashevak 1 1997-05-09.jpg
Kenojuak Ashevak, CC (born October 3, 1927) is regarded as one of the most notable pioneers of modern Inuit art.

Kenojuak Ashevak was born in an igloo in an Inuit camp, "Ikirasaq", at the southern coast of Baffin Island. At three years old, she lost her father. In 1952, she had to be treated for three years for tuberculosis in a hospital in Quebec. During this time and later on many of her children and grandchildren succumbed to disease, as did her husband of 45 years.

Kenojuak Ashevak became one of the first Inuit women in Cape Dorset to begin drawing in the late 1950s. She has since created many carvings from soapstone and thousands of drawings, etchings, stone-cuts, and prints — all sought after by museums and collectors. She designed several drawings for Canadian stamps and coins. In 2004, she started to design the first Inuit-designed stain glass window for a chapel.

In the news - show another

Wikinews Arctic portal
  • April 25: UK announces £200 million polar research ship
  • September 4: Wikinews Shorts: September 2, 2010
  • September 3: Wikinews Shorts: September 3, 2010/Fuel tanker aground in Northwest Passage
  • June 21: Greenland assumes self rule Sunday
  • January 10: Canadian trio claim South Pole record for trans-Antarctic trip
  • December 10: Wikinews Shorts: December 10, 2008
  • October 28: Arctic ice thickness decreasing, suggests satellite data study
  • August 28: 73M-year-old fossilized fish found in Canada
  • August 27: Canadian military exercise NANOOK 2008 travels through uncharted waters
  • June 28: The North Pole may possibly be ice free by summer
Current events on Wikinews

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The Aurora Borealis, or Northern Lights, shines above Bear Lake, Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska

Description:The Aurora Borealis, or Northern Lights, shines above Bear Lake, Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska.

Author: United States Air Force photo by Senior Airman Joshua Strang

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Did you know - show another

Canada provinces 1880-1881.png
Effie M. Morrissey

Azolla filiculoides MUN.jpg

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Quotation - show another

  • There are two kinds of Arctic problems, the imaginary and the real. Of the two, the imaginary are the most real.


Things to do

  • Place the {{WikiProject Arctic}} project banner on the talk pages of all articles within the scope of the project.
  • Place the {{Portal|Arctic}} portal template in the See also section of associated articles.
  • Upload new appropriately-licensed, Arctic-related pictures and other media. Place featured pictures on the portal. Nominate good pictures for the portal.
  • Add FA, A and GA articles directly to the portal. Nominate B-class articles for the portal. Seeking to assess and locate Arctic related articles and biographies.
  • We need active peer review and editorial help in the drive to improve Portal:Arctic to Featured Portal status! Please join the project and help expand and improve Arctic related articles and the portal.
  • Be bold with the graphic design of the portal. Look at Featured portals and aim towards submitting Portal Arctic to peer review.

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Panoramic view of Tromsø ('Romsa in Northern Sami, Tromssa in Finnish) is a city and municipality in the county of Troms, Norway.


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