Portal:Anime and manga

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Anime and manga portal

Introduction

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Anime (アニメ) refers to the animation style originating in Japan. It is characterized by distinctive characters and backgrounds (hand-drawn or computer-generated) that visually and thematically set it apart from other forms of animation. Storylines may include a variety of fictional or historical characters, events, and settings. Anime is aimed at a broad range of audiences and consequently, a given series may have aspects of a range of genres. Anime is most frequently broadcast on television or sold on DVDs and other media, either after their broadcast run or directly as original video animation (OVA). Console and computer games sometimes also feature segments or scenes that can be considered anime.

Manga (漫画) is Japanese for "comics" or "whimsical images". Manga developed from a mixture of ukiyo-e and Western styles of drawing, and took its current form shortly after World War II. Manga, apart from covers, is usually published in black and white but it is common to find introductions to chapters to be in color, and is read from top to bottom and then right to left, similar to the layout of a Japanese plain text. Financially, manga represented in 2005 a market of ¥24 billion in Japan and one of $180 million in the United States. Manga was the fastest growing segment of books in the United States in 2005.

Anime and manga share many characteristics, including: exaggerating (in terms of scale) of physical features, to which the reader presumably should pay most attention (best known being "large eyes"), "dramatically shaped speech bubbles, speed lines and onomatopoeic, exclamatory typography..." Some manga, a small amount of the total output, is adapted into anime, often with the collaboration of the original author. Computer games can also give rise to anime. In such cases, the stories are often compressed and modified to fit the format and appeal to a wider market. Popular anime franchises sometimes include full-length feature films, and some have been adapted into live-action films and television programs.

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Last Exile is a Japanese animated television series created by Gonzo. It featured a production team led by director Koichi Chigira, character designer Range Murata, and production designer Mahiro Maeda. The three had previously worked together in Blue Submarine No. 6, one of the first CG anime series. Last Exile premiered on TV Tokyo on April 7, 2003 and ran for twenty-six episodes until its conclusion on September 29, 2003.

The story is set on the fictional world of Prester, where its inhabitants use aerial vehicles known as vanships as a means of transportation. On this world which is divided in eternal conflict between the nations of Anatoray and Disith, sky couriers Claus Valca and Lavie Head must deliver a girl who holds the key to uniting the two factions. Although Prester itself is not a representation of Earth, it features technology reminiscent of nineteenth century Europe at the dawn of the Industrial Revolution. Many of its designs were also inspired by Germany's technological advances during the interwar period.

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Ayu Tsukimiya (月宮 あゆ) is a fictional character and the main heroine in Key's adult visual novel Kanon, followed closely by Nayuki Minase who is the only Kanon heroine to appear with Ayu on three of the official game covers released by Key. Ayu was created by Naoki Hisaya who wrote her scenario for the visual novel, and designed by Itaru Hinoue. One of Ayu's most defining characteristics is the repeated utterance of her catch phrase "ugū" (うぐぅ) which she mutters as an expression of various negative emotions such as frustration, anger, and fear. Her favorite food is taiyaki, and is seen eating the confection many times throughout Kanon.

The main focus of both Kanon anime is Ayu, who has also appeared in all of Kanon's adaptations, and has been incorporated into numerous dōjin games. Ayu makes a cameo appearance in the second episode of the Air anime series. A leitmotif named "Hidamari no Machi" (日溜りの街, lit. "A Sunny City") is associated with Ayu which is played in Kanon numerous times during scenes which involve her, and is also used in a similar fashion throughout Kyoto Animation's Kanon anime. In a review by Anime News Network, Ayu is described as a character that "persists on a degree of earnest cuteness that will endear her to some viewers."

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The episodes of the 2007 Japanese animated television series Blue Drop: Tenshitachi no Gikyoku are directed by Masahiko Ohkura and animated by the Japanese animation studios Asahi Production and BeSTACK, with the 3D modeling done by Gonzo. They constitute a prequel to the storyline of the Blue Drop manga by Akihito Yoshitomi. The plot of the episodes follows Mari Wakatake's relationship with the enigmatic Hagino Senkōji, a member of an alien race known as the Arume, and the prelude to an invasion by the Arume.

The episodes aired from October 2, 2007 to December 25, 2007 on Chiba TV and KBS Kyoto, with AT-X, Mie TV, Tokyo MX TV, TV Kanagawa, TV Saitama, and TV Wakayama showing the episodes at later dates. The AT-X broadcast started much later than its counterparts, with the first episode airing in November, while most other stations started showing the episodes in October. Unlike most Japanese anime, the titles of the episodes are given in English instead of the customary Japanese, and each episode title is the name of a flower that is shown in that particular episode.

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Credit: DVoeuxrdw

Covers of the manga Captain Tsubasa by Yōichi Takahashi. This popular manga series later spawned a series of animation and video game adaptations.

On this day...

January 18:

Manga serialization

Television series and specials


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Major topics

General

Anime and manga fandom • Anime convention • Anime industry • Cosplay • Dōjinshi • History of anime • History of manga

Demographic groups

Children • Josei • Seinen • Shōnen • Shōjo

Genres

Ecchi • Harem • Magical girl • Mecha • Yaoi • Yuri • Hentai

Lists

Anime companies • Anime conventions • Anime & manga video games • Best-selling manga • Licensed manga • Longest-running anime and manga • Manga magazines

Related portals

Associated Wikimedia

Anime

Anime on Wikinews     Anime on Wikiquote     Anime on Wikibooks     Anime on Wikisource     Anime on Wiktionary     Anime on Wikimedia Commons
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Manga

Manga on Wikinews     Manga on Wikiquote     Manga on Wikibooks     Manga on Wikisource     Manga on Wiktionary     Manga on Wikimedia Commons
News Quotations Manuals & Texts Texts Definitions Images & Media
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