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Portal:Anglicanism

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A map showing the provinces of the Anglican Communion (blue). Also shown are the churches in full communion with the Anglicans: The churches of the Porvoo Communion (green) and the Union of Utrecht (red)

Anglicanism most commonly refers to the beliefs and practices of the Anglican Communion, a worldwide affiliation of Christian churches. There is no single "Anglican Church" with universal juridical authority, since each national or regional church has full autonomy. As the name suggests, the communion is an association of churches in full communion with the Archbishop of Canterbury. With an estimated 80 million members, the Anglican Communion is the third largest communion in the world, after the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Churches.

Anglicanism, in its structures, theology and forms of worship, is understood as a distinct Christian tradition representing a middle ground between Roman Catholicism and Protestantism and, as such, is often referred to as being a via media ("middle way") between these traditions. Anglicans uphold the Catholic and Apostolic faith and follow the teachings of Jesus Christ. In practice Anglicans believe this is revealed in Holy Scripture and the creeds and interpret these in light of Christian tradition, scholarship, reason and experience.

One definition of the Anglican Communion is: "The 1930 Lambeth Conference described the Anglican Communion as a 'fellowship, within the one holy catholic and apostolic church, of those duly constituted dioceses, provinces or regional churches in communion with the see of Canterbury.'" - Colin Buchanan, Historical Dictionary of Anglicanism

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Title page of the 1735 Works. The author is in the Dean's chair receiving the thanks of Ireland.
Drapier's Letters is the collective name for a series of seven pamphlets written by the Dean of St Patrick's Cathedral, Jonathan Swift. The letters were written, between 1724 and 1725, in order to arouse public opinion in Ireland against the imposition of a privately minted copper coinage, which Swift believed to be of inferior quality. William King, who was Archbishop of Dublin from 1703 to 1729, played an important role in the incident surrounding the production of William Wood's Halfpence, and was involved in asking Swift to write the Drapier's Letters, which contributed to the protection of the rights of Ireland. Since this subject was politically sensitive, Swift wrote under the pseudonym M. B. Drapier to hide from retaliation. Beyond being a hero, many critics have seen Swift as the first to organize a "more universal Irish community". The nickname provided by Archbishop King, "Our Irish Copper-Farthen Dean", and his connection to ending the controversy stuck. Today, the Drapier's Letters are seen as the most important of Swift's "Irish tracts", and are a politically important part of Swift's writings, along with Gulliver's Travels (1726) and A Modest Proposal (1729).

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Elizabeth I Steven Van Der Meulen.jpg
Credit: Steven van der Meulen

The Hampden portrait of Elizabeth I of England, an early full-length portrait of the first Supreme Governor of the Church of England. This painting sold at Sotheby's, London, for £2.6 million in November 2007.

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Milton later in life

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Woodcut of John Day (dated 1562) included in the 1563 and subsequent editions of Actes and Monuments
John Day or Daye (c. 1522 – 23 July 1584) was an English printer. He specialised in printing and distributing Christian literature and pamphlets, and produced many small-format religious books, sermons, and translations of psalms. He found fame, however, as the publisher of John Foxe's Book of Martyrs. Day rose to the top of his profession during the reign of Edward VI (1547–1553). At this time, restrictions on publishers were relaxed, and a wave of propaganda on behalf of the English Reformation was encouraged by the government of the Lord Protector, Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset. During the reign of the Roman Catholic Queen Mary I he was arrested and imprisoned. Under Queen Elizabeth I, Day enjoyed the patronage of officials and nobles, including William Cecil, Robert Dudley, and Matthew Parker. With their support, he published the Book of Martyrs and was awarded monopolies for some of the most popular English books, such as The ABC with Little Catechism and The Whole Booke of Psalmes. Day has been called "the master printer of the English Reformation".

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