Portal:Ancient Near East

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Lion gate at Hattusa
The Hittites were an Anatolian people who spoke a language of the Anatolian branch of the Indo-European language family. They established a kingdom (c. 1800 – 1180 BC) centered at Hattusa in north-central Anatolia and reached its height c. the 14th century BC, encompassing a large part of Anatolia and interacting with Assyria, Mitanni and ancient Egypt. The collapsed c. 1180 BC, during the upheavals of the Bronze Age collapse; a number of independent "Syro-Hittite" city-states then emerged, some surviving until as late as the 8th century BC.

Although belonging to the Bronze Age, the Hittites were forerunners of the Iron Age, developing the manufacture of iron products from as early as the 14th century BC, when letters to foreign rulers reveal the demand for their iron goods. The Hittites were not, however, the first to work iron, and iron remained a precious metal throughout the history of their empire.

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Sargon II and a courtier
Sargon II (Akkadian: Šarru-kinu, "legitimate king", reigned 722 – 705 BC)

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Stele of Ashurnasirpal II (detail)
Credit: ChrisO
Stele of Ashurnasirpal II (detail)
Assyria, 883-859 BC (British Museum)

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Did you know...

[[Image:|100x100px|right|Earliest known pictographic writing c. 3500 BC]]...that c. 5300 BC Eridu was the first settlement in what would become the cradle of civilization?

...that the first writing system was developed in the late 4th millennium BC in Sumer? It was a logographic script which is still incompletely deciphered.

...that the Sumerian language, the Kassite language, and the Hattic language are all language isolates, unrelated to any other known language?

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Ancient Near East on Wikimedia Commons Ancient Near East on Wikisource Archaeology on Wikinews Languages of the Ancient Near East on Wiktionary Ancient Near East on Wikibooks History on Wikiversity Ancient Near East on Wiktionary
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