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Anabaptism is a Protestant denomination, which originated in the Radical Reformation of the 16th century. The term covers Mennonites, Hutterites, Amish and Brethren. The Anabaptist movement started in January 1525 in Zurich, Switzerland, when the first Anabaptist baptismal service took place.

The name Anabaptism derives from Greek terms for re-baptism (Greek ανα (again, twice) +βαπτιζω (baptize), thus "re-baptizers") and was originally used as a pejorative term. Anabaptists require that candidates be able to make their own declarations of faith and so refuse baptism to infants. As a result, they were heavily persecuted during the 16th century and into the 17th by both other Protestants and Roman Catholics.

Anabaptists practice believer's baptism, believe in the priesthood of all believers and a symbolic meaning of the Lord's Supper, postulate the separation of church and state, and refuse to do military service and to take oaths. Ordinances are baptism and the Lord's Supper. Some groups also practice foot washing. The terminology sacrament is generally rejected. Apart from that they have no generally accepted doctrine and no central organisation. Today there are more than 1.6 million anabaptists worldwide.

No other foundation can anyone lay than that which is laid, which is Jesus Christ
Menno Simons' motto from 1 Corinthians 3:11

Selected article

Peace churches are Christian churches, groups or communities advocating Christian pacifism. The term historic peace churches refers specifically only to three church groups among pacifist churches: Church of the Brethren, Mennonites including the Amish, and Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) and has been used since the first conference of the peace churches in Kansas in 1935.[1][2][3][4][5]

The definition of "peace churches" is sometimes expanded to include Christadelphians (from 1863) and Molokans (Russian Orthodox "milk-drinkers"), though these did not participate in the conference of the "historic peace churches" in Kansas in 1935.[6] The peace churches agree that Jesus advocated nonviolence. Whether physical force can ever be justified, either in defending oneself or others, remains controversial. Many believers adhere strictly to a moral attitude of nonresistance in the face of violence. But these churches generally do concur that violence on behalf of nations and their governments is contrary to Christian morality. (More...)

Selected biography

Michael Sattler preaching in the woods.

Michael Sattler (c. 1490 – 21 May 1527) was a monk who left the Roman Catholic Church during the Protestant Reformation to become one of the early leaders of the Anabaptist movement. He was particularly influential for his role in developing the Schleitheim Confession.

Born in approximately 1490 in Staufen, Germany. Sattler became a Benedictine monk in the cloister of St. Peter and most likely became prior. He left St. Peter's probably in May 1525 when the monastery had been overcome by the troops from the Black Forest fighting in the peasant's war. He later married a former Beguine named Margaretha. When Sattler arrived in Zurich is not known except that he was in town before being expelled from the city November 18, 1525 in a wave of expulsions of foreigners resulting from the November 6–8 disputation on baptism. Some believe that Sattler is to be identified as the "Brother Michael in the white coat," mentioned in a document dated March 25 of that year, thus placing Sattler in Zurich before Snyder's estimation of when he left St. Peter's. Snyder believed that Sattler possibly arrived in Zurich to attend that disputation.

He became associated with the Anabaptists and was probably rebaptised in the summer of 1526. He was involved in missionary activity around Horb and Rottenburg, and eventually traveled to Strasbourg. In February 1527 he chaired a meeting of the Swiss Brethren at Schleitheim, at which time the Schleitheim Confession was adopted. (More...)

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  1. ^ Concise Encyclopedia of Amish, Brethren, Hutterites, and Mennonites p6 Donald B. Kraybill - 2010 "In 1935, BRETHREN, Mennonites, and Quakers met in North Newton, Kansas, for a conference on peace. The term HISTORIC PEACE CHURCHES was developed at this conference in order to distinguish between the groups' biblically based peaceful ..."
  2. ^ The Brethren encyclopedia 1983 p608 "The American Civil War brought the peace churches together in combined appeals to government, both in the North and in ... This conference used the term historic peace churches as more acceptable to Mennonites than the term pacifist churches because the latter connoted theological liberalism. Called without prior agenda, the three-day meeting concluded with "
  3. ^ Mark Matthews Smoke jumping on the Western fire line: conscientious objectors p36 - 2006 "CHAPTER TWO The Historic Peace Churches - The three historic peace churches that united to lobby for reforming the treatment of conscientious objectors during World War II shared many religious beliefs, but they also differed in many "
  4. ^ Speicher, Sara and Durnbaugh, Donald F. (2003), Ecumenical Dictionary: Historic Peace Churches
  5. ^ G. Kurt Piehler, Sidney Pash The United States and the Second World War: New Perspectives on 2010 p265 "The Selective Service, in collaboration with the historic peace churches, created Civilian Public Service to provide ... In October 1940, to coordinate administration of the CPS camps, the historic peace churches established the NSBRO. "
  6. ^ Law review digest 1957 "Among the peace churches may be listed the Mennonite, Brethren, Friends, Christadelphians and Molakans. Other sects having a degree of pacifism in their doctrines include the Seventh Day Adventists, Assemblies of God and Churches of Christ. A more complex situation arises in connection with those registrants who do not base their claims "
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