Portal:American football

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American football portal

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American football, known as football in the United States, is a team sport played between two teams of 11 players with an oval ball on a rectangular field 120 yards long and 53.3 yards wide with goalposts at either end. The team in possession of the ball (the offense) attempts to advance down the field by running with or passing the ball. In order to continue their drive, the offense must advance the ball at least 10 yards down the field in a series of four downs. If they succeed, they receive a new set of four downs to continue their drive, but if they fail, they lose control of the ball to the opposing team.

The team that has scored the most points by the end of the game wins. The offense can score points by advancing the ball into the end zone (a touchdown) or by place or drop kicking the ball through the opponent's goalpost (a field goal), while the defense can score points by forcing an offensive turnover and advancing the ball into the offense's end zone or by tackling the ballcarrier in the offense's end zone (a safety).

American football evolved from early forms of rugby (particularly rugby union) and association football (soccer), with the first game played on November 6, 1869. Rule changes from 1880 on by Walter Camp included the snap, 11-a-side teams and downs; further rule changes legalized the forward pass and created the neutral zone along the width of the football.

Today, American football is the most popular sport in the United States, where the National Football League (NFL) is the most popular league. The league's championship, the Super Bowl, is among the most-watched club sporting events in the world. College football is also popular in the United States, with the NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision as the top level competition.

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The Texas offense shown lined up in the I formation
The 2005 Texas Longhorns football team represented The University of Texas at Austin during the college football season of 2005–2006, winning the Big 12 Conference Championship and the national championship. The team was coached by Mack Brown, led on offense by quarterback Vince Young, and played its home games at Darrell K Royal – Texas Memorial Stadium. The team's penultimate game, the 2005 Big 12 Championship Game, was won by the largest margin of victory in Big 12 Championship Game history. Texas finished the season by winning the 2006 Rose Bowl against the University of Southern California Trojans for the national championship. Numerous publications have cited this victory and this team's season as standing among the greatest performances in college football history. The Longhorns finished as the only unbeaten team in NCAA Division I-A football that year, with thirteen wins and zero losses.


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Gerald Ford

Gerald Ford, the 38th President of the United States, played center and linebacker for the Michigan Wolverines, helping his team to two national titles.

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Dwain Chambers
Dwain Chambers (born 1978) is a British track sprinter. He has won international medals at World and European level and is one of the fastest European sprinters in the history of athletics.

His primary event is the 100 metres, in which he has the second fastest time by a British sprinter. He is the European record holder for the 60 metres and 4×100 metres relay events with 6.42 seconds and 37.73 s respectively. Chambers ran a 100 m world junior record of 10.06 s in 1997 and became the youngest ever world medallist in the event at the 1999 World Championships, taking the bronze. On his Olympic debut at the 2000 Sydney Olympics he was the best European performer in fourth place.

Due to his doping ban, he was barred from the Olympics, Commonwealth Games, and much of the European racing circuit, from 2006 to 2012. The Court of Arbitration for Sport overturned his lifetime Olympic ban, deeming it non-compliant with the World Anti-Doping Code, and he competed in the 2012 London Olympics.

He tried other sports, including a spell with the Hamburg Sea Devils of the NFL Europa league and a rugby league trial with Castleford. He produced a ghost-written autobiography with writer Ken Scott, Race Against Me, in 2009. He is of Afro-Caribbean descent and has two sons with his partner Leonie Daley.


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Calendar

Dec 2 Pac-12 Championship Game Stanford vs USC
Dec 3 Big 12 Championship Game TCU vs Oklahoma
ACC Championship Game Miami vs Clemson
American Championship Game Memphis vs UCF
Big Ten Championship Game Wisconsin vs Ohio State
SEC Championship Game Auburn vs Georgia
Mountain West Championship Game Fresno State vs Boise State
Dec 9 Army–Navy Game Army vs Navy
Dec 25 NFL on Christmas Day Pittsburgh Steelers vs Houston Texans
Oakland Raiders vs Philadelphia Eagles
Dec 28 Alamo Bowl #13 Stanford vs #15 TCU
Holiday Bowl #16 Michigan State vs #18 Washington State
Dec 29 Cotton Bowl Classic #8 USC vs #5 Ohio State
Dec 30 Fiesta Bowl #11 Washington vs #9 Penn State
Orange Bowl #10 Miami vs #6 Wisconsin
Jan 1 Peach Bowl #12 UCF vs #7 Auburn
Citrus Bowl #17 Notre Dame vs #14 LSU
Rose Bowl #3 Georgia vs #2 Oklahoma
Sugar Bowl #4 Alabama vs #1 Clemson
2017 season: NFLNCAA FBS (Bowl games)


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