Portal:American football

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American football, referred to as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven players on a rectangular field with goalposts at each end. The offense, which is the team controlling the oval-shaped football, attempts to advance down the field by running with or passing the ball, while the defense, which is the team without control of the ball, aims to stop the offense's advance and aims to take control of the ball for themselves. The offense must advance at least ten yards in four downs, or plays, and otherwise they turn over the football to the defense; if the offense succeeds in advancing ten yards or more, they are given a new set of four downs. Points are primarily scored by advancing the ball into the opposing team's end zone for a touchdown or kicking the ball through the opponent's goalposts for a field goal. The team with the most points at the end of a game wins.

American football evolved in the United States, originating from the sports of association football (known in the U.S. as soccer) and rugby football. The first match of American football was played on November 6, 1869, between two college teams, Rutgers and Princeton, under rules based on the association football rules of the time. During the latter half of the 1870s, colleges playing association football switched to the Rugby Union code, which allowed carrying the ball. A set of rule changes drawn up from 1880 onward by Walter Camp, the "Father of American Football", established the snap, eleven-player teams, and the concept of downs; later rule changes legalized the forward pass, created the neutral zone, and specified the size and shape of the football. The sport is closely related to Canadian football, which evolved parallel and contemporary to the American game, and most of the features that distinguish American football from rugby and soccer are also present in Canadian football.

American football as a whole is the most popular sport in the United States. The most popular forms of the game are professional and college football, with the other major levels being high school and youth football. , nearly 1.1 million high school athletes and 70,000 college athletes play the sport in the United States annually, almost all of them men, with a few exceptions. The National Football League, the most popular American football league, has the highest average attendance of any professional sports league in the world; its championship game, the Super Bowl, ranks among the most-watched club sporting events in the world, and the league has an annual revenue of around US$10 billion.

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Joe Namath
The history of the New York Jets American football team began in 1959 with the founding of the Titans of New York, of the American Football League (AFL). The team had little success in its early years. In January 1965, New York signed University of Alabama quarterback Joe Namath (pictured), and showed gradual improvement in the late 1960s, posting its first winning record in 1967 and winning its only American Football League championship in 1968. By winning the title, the team earned the right to play in Super Bowl III against the champions of the National Football League, the Baltimore Colts. The Jets defeated the Colts in the game, improving public perception of the AFL as the two leagues prepared to merge.

In the following years, New York had limited success, enduring a string of disastrous seasons. In 1997, the Jets hired two-time Super Bowl winning coach Bill Parcells. The new coach guided the team to its most successful season since the merger: in 1998, the Jets finished with twelve wins and four losses, reaching the AFC Championship Game. The team made five playoff appearances in the 2000s, their most of any decade. In 2009 and 2010, under coach Rex Ryan, the Jets achieved back-to-back appearances in the AFC Championship Game, losing to the Indianapolis Colts and Pittsburgh Steelers.


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Mercedes-Benz Superdome
Credit: J. Glover

The Mercedes-Benz Superdome (originally Louisiana Superdome and commonly The Superdome) is a multi-purpose dome-covered stadium and arena comprising, as regards American football, a FieldTurf playing field, situated in New Orleans, Louisiana, United States.

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Dwain Chambers
Dwain Chambers (born 1978) is a British track sprinter. He has won international medals at World and European level and is one of the fastest European sprinters in the history of athletics.

His primary event is the 100 metres, in which he has the second fastest time by a British sprinter. He is the European record holder for the 60 metres and 4×100 metres relay events with 6.42 seconds and 37.73 s respectively. Chambers ran a 100 m world junior record of 10.06 s in 1997 and became the youngest ever world medallist in the event at the 1999 World Championships, taking the bronze. On his Olympic debut at the 2000 Sydney Olympics he was the best European performer in fourth place.

Due to his doping ban, he was barred from the Olympics, Commonwealth Games, and much of the European racing circuit, from 2006 to 2012. The Court of Arbitration for Sport overturned his lifetime Olympic ban, deeming it non-compliant with the World Anti-Doping Code, and he competed in the 2012 London Olympics.

He tried other sports, including a spell with the Hamburg Sea Devils of the NFL Europa league and a rugby league trial with Castleford. He produced a ghost-written autobiography with writer Ken Scott, Race Against Me, in 2009. He is of Afro-Caribbean descent and has two sons with his partner Leonie Daley.


Calendar

Nov 10 Sunflower Showdown Kansas vs Kansas State
Bedlam Series Oklahoma vs Oklahoma State
Deep South's Oldest Rivalry Auburn vs Georgia
Nov 17 Victory Bell UCLA vs USC
Big Game California vs Stanford
Rumble in the Rockies Colorado vs Utah
Nov 22 NFL on Thanksgiving Day Chicago Bears vs Detroit Lions
Washington Redskins vs Dallas Cowboys
Atlanta Falcons vs New Orleans Saints
Egg Bowl Mississippi State vs Ole Miss
Nov 23 Civil War Oregon vs Oregon State
Apple Cup Washington vs Washington State
Nov 24 Territorial Cup Arizona State vs Arizona
Iron Bowl Auburn vs Alabama
Paul Bunyan's Axe Minnesota vs Wisconsin
The Game Michigan vs Ohio State
Sunshine Showdown Florida vs Florida State
Governor's Cup Kentucky vs Louisville
Carolina-State NC State vs North Carolina
Clean, Old-Fashioned Hate Georgia vs Georgia Tech
Commonwealth Cup Virginia vs Virginia Tech
Palmetto Bowl Clemson vs South Carolina
Old Oaken Bucket Purdue vs Indiana
Beehive Boot
& Holy War
BYU vs Utah
Jeweled Shillelagh Notre Dame vs USC
2018 season: NFLNCAA FBS (Bowl games)

Selected quote

He couldn't spell 'cat' if you spotted him the 'c' and the 't'.
— Thomas "Hollywood" Henderson

Comment made on former Pittsburgh Steelers quarterback Terry Bradshaw.

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Vince Young

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