Portal:Alberta

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Introduction

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Alberta, Canada.svg

Alberta (/ælˈbɜːrtə/ (About this sound listen)) is a western province of Canada. With an estimated population of 4,067,175 as of 2016 census, it is Canada's fourth most populous province and the most populous of Canada's three prairie provinces. Its area is about 660,000 square kilometres (250,000 sq mi). Alberta and its neighbour Saskatchewan were districts of the Northwest Territories until they were established as provinces on September 1, 1905. The premier has been Rachel Notley since May 2015.

Alberta is bounded by the provinces of British Columbia to the west and Saskatchewan to the east, the Northwest Territories to the north, and the U.S. state of Montana to the south. Alberta is one of three Canadian provinces and territories to border only a single U.S. state and one of only two landlocked provinces. It has a predominantly humid continental climate, with stark contrasts over a year; but seasonal temperature average swings are smaller than in areas further east, due to winters being warmed by occasional chinook winds bringing sudden warming.

Alberta's capital, Edmonton, is near the geographic centre of the province and is the primary supply and service hub for Canada's crude oil, the Athabasca oil sands and other northern resource industries.

About 290 km (180 mi) south of the capital is Calgary, the largest city in Alberta. Calgary and Edmonton centre Alberta's two census metropolitan areas, both of which have populations exceeding one million, while the province has 16 census agglomerations.

Tourist destinations in the province include Banff, Canmore, Drumheller, Jasper, Sylvan Lake and Lake Louise.

Flag-map of Alberta.svg More about...Alberta, its history and diversity

Selected article

Ammolite
Ammolite is a rare and valuable opal-like organic gemstone found primarily along the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains of the United States and Canada. It is made of the fossilized shells of ammonites, which in turn are composed primarily of aragonite, the same mineral that makes up nacreous pearls. It is one of several biogenic gemstones; others include amber and pearl. In 1981, ammolite was given official gemstone status by the World Jewellery Confederation, the same year commercial mining of ammolite began. It was designated the official gemstone of the Province of Alberta in 2004 and the official gemstone of the City of Lethbridge in 2007.

Ammolite is also known as aapoak (Kainah for "small, crawling stone"), gem ammonite, calcentine, and korite. The latter is a trade name given to the gemstone by the Alberta-based mining company Korite International, the first and largest commercial producer of ammolite.

Selected biography

Alexander Cameron Rutherford, premier of Alberta
Alexander Cameron Rutherford (February 2, 1857–June 11, 1941) was a Canadian lawyer and politician who served as the first Premier of Alberta from 1905 to 1910. Born in Ormond, Ontario, he studied law at McGill University and articled in Ottawa. In 1888 he married Mattie Birkett; the pair had three children, two of whom survived infancy. In 1895, the family moved west and settled in Strathcona, where Rutherford continued to practice law and became one of the town's most prominent citizens. He made two unsuccessful bids for election to the Legislative Assembly of the Northwest Territories, losing both times to Matthew McCauley, before winning election against a different opponent in the 1902 election. In keeping with the local custom, Rutherford's territorial political activities were as an independent, though he generally supported the administration of Premier Frederick W. A. G. Haultain. At the federal level, however, Rutherford was a Liberal.

After leaving politics, Rutherford continued his law practice and his involvement with a wide range of community groups. Most importantly, he became a senator and later chancellor of the University of Alberta, whose earlier founding had been a personal project. As chancellor, he oversaw the graduation of more than five thousand students and welcome students into his home both for convocation day tea and to consult his enormous personal library of Canadiana (which found its way into the University's collection after his death). He died of a heart attack June 11, 1941, less than a year later than his wife. A University of Alberta library, an Edmonton elementary school, and Jasper National Park's Mount Rutherford are named in his honour. Additionally, his home, Rutherford House, was opened as a museum in 1973.

Selected Did you know

Did you know
...that Albertan politician Joseph Unwin was arrested for producing an official leaflet urging the "extermination" of opposition leader David Milwyn Duggan and Senator William Griesbach?
...DYK Archive/Nominations Start a new article
If you know of another interesting fact from a recently created or substantially expanded article, then please suggest it on the "Did you know?" talk page.

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Things to do

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WikiProject Alberta ···>
  1. Nominate, or vote on a new article, biography, image for the Portal that is B class.
  2. Add a feature or GA class one directly to the Portal.
  3. Add a {{WikiProject Canada |class= |importance= |ab=yes}} on Alberta related article talk pages.
  4. Assist with assessment of articles.
  5. Expand stubs.{{Alberta-stub}},{{Calgary-stub}},{{Edmonton-stub}},{{Lethbridge-stub}},{{Alberta-geo-stub}},{{Alberta-school-stub}},{{Alberta-airport-stub}},{{Alberta-protected-area-stub}},{{Alberta-politician-stub}} ,{{Alberta-road-stub}}
  6. Request photos by adding {{reqphoto|in=Alberta}}, {{reqphoto|in=Calgary}}, or {{reqphoto|in=Edmonton}} to the talk page, or uploading photos for the articles listed in Category:Wikipedia requested photographs in Alberta.

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