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Kasteel van Elbasan Valbona, Shkodër Albanese Riviera

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Albania, officially the Republic of Albania (Albanian Republika e Shqipërisë [ɾɛˈpublika ɛ ʃcipəˈɾiːs], or simply Shqipëria) is a country in Southeastern Europe. Albania is bordered by Kosovo to the northeast, the Republic of Macedonia to the east, Greece to the south-east, and Montenegro to the north. It has a coast on the Adriatic Sea to the west, and on the Ionian Sea to the southwest. From the Strait of Otranto, Albania is less than 100 km (60 miles) from Italy.

Albania is a parliamentary democracy that is transforming its economy into a market-oriented system. It is a candidate for membership in the European Union and is already member of NATO.


Selected article

Apollonia in Illyria (modern Albania) was located on the right bank of the Vjose; now ruined, it is situated in the Fier region, near the village of Pojan (Pojani), geographically located at 40°43′N 19°28′E. It was founded in 588 BCE by Greek colonists from Kerkyra (Corfu) and Corinth, and was perhaps the most important of the several classical towns known as Apollonia. The site was already used by Corinthian traders and the Taulantii, an Illyrian tribe, who remained involved with the settlement for centuries, living alongside the Greek colonists. The city was said to have originally been named Gylaceia after Glyax, its founder, but the name was later changed to honour the god Apollo.


Selected picture

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Did you know...


Web resources

The following publications regularly include material relevant to Albania in the English language.

  • Albanian Connection
  • Albanian Daily News
  • Frosina Information Network
  • Library of Congress Country Study of Albania
  • Tourist information


  • Jacques, Edwin E. (1995). The Albanians. Mc Farland. ISBN 9780899509327. Retrieved 2011-01-08. 
  • [1] A collection of works dealing with Albanian history and culture.
  • Antonia Young; John Hodgson; William B. Bland; Nigel Young (November 1997). Albania. Clio Press. ISBN 9781851092604. Retrieved 27 April 2011. 


  • New publications regarding Archaeology in Albania after 2000. [2] Ancient West & East, Volume 4, Issue 1 Volume 4 of Ancient West & East, No 1 Gocha Tsetskhladze Publisher BRILL, 2005 ISBN 9004141766, 9789004141766 Length 256 pages
  • A summary of Myzafer Korkuti work can be found here [3]
  • Gjerak Karaiskaj [4]

Medieval period

  • Fine, John Van Antwerp (1994), The Late Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Late Twelfth Century to the Ottoman Conquest, University of Michigan Press, ISBN 978-0472082605 
  • Mihail-Dimitri, Sturdza (1983), Dictionnaire Historique et Généalogique des Grandes Familles de Grèce, d'Albanie et de Constantinople, chez l'auteur 

Ottoman period

  • Fleming, Katherine Elizabeth (1999). The Muslim Bonaparte: Diplomacy and Orientalism in Ali Pasha's Greece. Princeton University Press. ISBN 978-0-691-00194-4. 
  • Jelavich, Barbara (1989). History of the Balkans: Eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, vol.1. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9780521274586. 
  • Murzaku, Ines Angeli (2009). The Basilian Monks of Grottaferrata in Albania. Monastero Esarchico. ISBN 9788889345047. 
  • Ufford, Letitia Wheeler (2007). The Pasha: how Mehemet Ali defied the West, 1839-1841. McFarland. ISBN 9780786428939. 

Modern period

  • Fischer, Bernd Jürgen (1999), Albania at War, 1939–1945, C. Hurst & Co. Publishers, ISBN 978-1-85065-531-2 
  • Jacques, Edwin E. (1995), The Albanians: an ethnic history from prehistoric times to the present, McFarland & Co., ISBN 9780899509327 
  • Jelavich, Charles; Jelavich, Barbara (1986). The establishment of the Balkan national states, 1804-1920. University of Washington Press. ISBN 9780295964133. 
  • Pearson, Owen (2004). Albania in the Twentieth Century, A History. Volume I, Albania and King Zog: Independence, republic and monarchy 1908–1939. I.B. Tauris. ISBN 978-1845110130. 
  • Pearson, Owen (2006). Albania in the Twentieth Century, A History. Volume II, Albania in Occupation and War: From Fascism to Communism, 1940–1945. I.B. Tauris. ISBN 978-1845111045. 
  • Pearson, Owen (2006), Albania in the Twentieth Century, A History. Volume III, Albania as dictatorship and democracy: From isolation to the Kosovo War, 1946–1998, I.B. Tauris, ISBN 978-1845111052 
  • Rakowska-Harmstone, Teresa (1984), Communism in Eastern Europe, Manchester University Press, ISBN 9780719017056 
  • Ramet, Pedro; Ramet, Sabrina (1990). Christianity under stress vol. 2: Catholicism and politics in communist societies. Duke University Press. ISBN 9780822310471. 
  • Roselli, Alessandro (2006), Library of international relations vol. 29: Italy and Albania: financial relations in the Fascist period, I.B. Tauris, ISBN 9781845112547 
  • Schwandner-Sievers, Stephanie; Fischer, Bernd Jürgen (2002). Albanian identities: myth and history. Indiana University Press. ISBN 9780253341891. 
  • Skendi, Stavro (1967). The Albanian national awakening, 1878–1912. Princeton University Press. 
  • Vickers, Miranda (1999). The Albanians: a modern history. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 978-1860645419. 
  • Vickers, Miranda; Pettifer, James (2000). Albania: from anarchy to a Balkan identity. New York University Press. ISBN 978-0814788059. 
  • Vickers, Miranda; Pettifer, James (2007). The Albanian question: reshaping the Balkans. I.B.Tauris. ISBN 978-1860649745. 

Society and culture

  • Elsie, Robert (2001). A dictionary of Albanian religion, mythology, and folk culture. New York University Press. ISBN 978-0814722145. 
  • Knowlton, Marylee (2005). Cultures of the World, vol. 23: Albania. Marshall Cavendish. ISBN 978-0761418528. 
  • Pritchett Post, Susan E. (1998). Women in modern Albania: firsthand accounts of culture and conditions from over 200 interviews. McFarland. ISBN 9780786404681. 
  • Schwandner-Sievers, Stephanie; Fischer, Bernd Jürgen, eds. (2002). Albanian Identities: Myth and History. Indiana University Press. ISBN 0253215706. 
  • Young, Antonia (2000). Women who become men: Albanian sworn virgins. Berg Publishers. ISBN 978-1859733400. 

Albanian language

  • A summary by Shaban Demiraj link [5] The Indo-European languages Routledge language family descriptions Authors Anna Giacalone Ramat, Paolo Ramat Editors Anna Giacalone Ramat, Paolo Ramat Edition illustrated Publisher Taylor & Francis, 1998 ISBN 041506449X, 9780415064491 Length 526 pages
  • Cimochowski, W. "Prejardhja e gjuhës shqipe," BUShT 1958:2.37-53. Supports Illyrian kinship of Albanian. (see Hamp 1963)
  • Cimochowski, Waclaw. Des recherches sur la toponomastique de l'Albanie. LP VIII, 1960.(short version at Hamp 1963)
  • Encyclopedia of Indo-European culture By J. P. Mallory, Douglas Q. Adams Edition: illustrated Published by Taylor & Francis, 1997 ISBN 1884964982, 9781884964985 link here [6]
  • Eric P. Hamp The position of Albanian in Ancient Indo-European Dialects Publisher University of California Press link here [7]
  • Shaban Demiraj Gjuhesi ballkanike here the link [8]
  • Victor A. Friedman ([email protected]) Albanian Grammar Victor A. Friedman A version of this grammar was published in
  • Studies on Albanian and Other Balkan Language by Victor A. Friedman Peja: Dukagjini. 2004.the link here [9]
  • Online IE dictionary for Albanian words

Albania news

In the news
  • Albania best backpack country of 2009. [1]

Selected biography

Marie Logoreci (born September 23, 1920 in Shkoder, Albania). She is an actress in Albanian films, television and drama; she has had roles in the films Skanderbeg, Fëmijet e Saj, Toka Jonë and a recurring appearance on the television show Gjenerali i Ushtrise se Vdekur. She is best known for acting in dramas.




Albania lists



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  1. ^ http://travel.blog.nl/backpacken/2009/06/25/albanie-backpackerbestemming-van-2009-2
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