Portal:Alabama

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Flag of Alabama
Alabama's location within the United States

Alabama (formally, the State of Alabama; About this sound /ˌæləˈbæmə/ ) is a state located in the southern region of the United States of America. It became the 22nd state to enter the Union in 1819 and was the fifth state to secede in 1861 to form the Confederate States of America. Its capital, Montgomery, served briefly as the capitol of the Confederate States. Alabama is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. Alabama ranks 30th in total land area and ranks second in the size of its inland waterways. The state ranks 23rd in population with almost 4.6 million residents in 2006.

From the American Civil War until World War II, Alabama, like many Southern states, suffered economic hardship, in part because of continued dependence on agriculture. White rural interests dominated the state legislature until the 1960s, while urban interests and African Americans were underrepresented. In the years following World War II, Alabama experienced significant recovery as the economy of the state transitioned from agriculture to diversified interests in heavy manufacturing, mineral extraction, education, and high technology, as well as the establishment or expansion of multiple military installations, primarily those of the U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force. Today, the state is heavily invested in aerospace, education, health care, banking, and various heavy industries including automobile manufacturing, mineral extraction, steel production and fabrication.

Alabama is unofficially nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, which is the name of the state bird. Alabama is also known as the "Heart of Dixie". The state tree is the Longleaf Pine, and the state flower is the Camellia. The capital of Alabama is Montgomery, and the largest city by population is Birmingham. The largest city by total land area is Huntsville. The oldest city is Mobile.

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A montage of Mobile area attractions and landmakrs
Mobile /mˈbl/ is the third most populous city in the Southern U.S. state of Alabama and is the county seat of Mobile County. It is located on the central Gulf Coast of the United States. The population within the city limits was 198,915 during the 2000 census. Mobile is the principal municipality of the Mobile Metropolitan Statistical Area, a region of 399,843 residents which is composed solely of Mobile County and is the second largest MSA in the state. Mobile is included in the Mobile-Daphne-Fairhope Combined Statistical Area with a total population of 540,258, the second largest combined statistical area in the state.

Located at the junction of the Mobile River and Mobile Bay on the northern Gulf of Mexico, the city is the only seaport in Alabama. The Port of Mobile has always played a key role in the economic health of the city beginning with the city as a key trading center between the French and Native Americans down to its current role as the 10th largest port in the United States. Mobile is one of the Gulf Coast's cultural centers, housing several art museums, a symphony orchestra, a professional opera, a professional ballet company, and a large concentration of historic architecture. Mobile is known for having the oldest organized Carnival celebrations in the United States, dating to its early colonial period. It was also host to the first formally organized Carnival mystic society or krewe in the United States, dating to 1830.

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Huntsville, Alabama in October 2006
Credit: Anivron

Huntsville is a city in Madison and Limestone Counties in the U.S. state of Alabama. It is the county seat of Madison County and includes the biggest space museum in the world. It is the largest city in northern Alabama in a region of a half-million people, with the city proper having 171,327 residents (2007 estimate).The city hosts the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center and Redstone Arsenal.

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Wikinews Alabama portal
  • March 4: Alabama Supreme Court orders judges to stop issuing same-sex marriage licences
  • January 22: Perry out, Abbott in: Texas gets new governor
  • December 20: Public health officials advise on rising flu levels in Texas 2013/2014 season
  • April 29: Australian Jesse Williams drafted in fifth round by the NFL's Seattle Seahawks
  • November 26: 18-year-old charged for Thanksgiving lesbian assault

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United States of America v. Richard M. Scrushy, a 36 page indictment
Richard Marin Scrushy (born August 1952 in Selma, Alabama) is an American business man and founder of HealthSouth Corporation, a global health care company based in Birmingham, Alabama.

In 2004, Scrushy had charges brought against him by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Scrushy was charged with 36 counts but was acquitted of all charges on June 28, 2005. Four months after his acquittal, Scrushy was indicted along with former Alabama Governor Don Siegelman on October 28, 2005. Although the new charges were filed a month before the previous trial ended, Scrushy's attorneys accused prosecutors of filing charges as retaliation for Scrushy's acquittal. Scrushy pleaded not guilty to all charges, but was convicted along with Siegelman in June 2006. On May 7, 2009, Scrushy was returned to Alabama in order to testify in a new civil trial in the Jefferson County Circuit Court brought against him by shareholders of HealthSouth who sought damages related to Scrushy's trial and conviction. On June 18, 2009, Judge Allwin E. Horn ruled that Scrushy was responsible for HealthSouth’s fraud, and ordered him to pay $2.87 billion.

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Members of the ROTC Program at Alabama Polytechnic Institute (now Auburn University) in 1916
Credit: Amann09

Auburn University is a public university located in Auburn, Alabama, U.S. With more than 24,100 students and 1,200 faculty, it is one of the largest universities in the state. Nationally recognized ROTC programs are available in three branches of service: Air Force, Army, and Navy/Marine Corps, the latter being the only one of its kind in Alabama.

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2005 Sugar BowlAlabama Crimson Tide football seasonsBirmingham campaignBobby EatonHurricane Danny (1997)List of counties in AlabamaList of Governors of AlabamaList of National Historic Landmarks in AlabamaList of tallest buildings in MobileNatalee HollowayOzzie SmithRosa ParksTo Kill a MockingbirdTropical Storm Bill (2003)UAB Blazers football seasonsZelda Fitzgerald

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2008 Super Tuesday tornado outbreakAcer rubrumAgudath Israel Etz AhayemApril 6–8, 2006 Tornado OutbreakAuburn High School (Alabama)Birmingham AmericansBob HollyBrodie CroyleCaptain MunnerlynCharles BarkleyCharlie FonvilleDebra MarshallDan PovenmireFebruary-March 2007 Tornado OutbreakGrapicoGreat Storm of 1975Hurricane CarmenHurricane EloiseHurricane Florence (1988)Hurricane IsidoreHurricane IvanInterstate 359John Mitchell (American football coach)Mark MatthewsMobile, AlabamaRichard M. ScrushyShenandoah (band)Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad CompanyTropical Storm Arlene (2005)Tropical Storm Beryl (1988)Tropical Storm Matthew (2004)Utricularia inflataWilliam Lowndes Yancey

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