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Flag of Alabama
Alabama's location within the United States

Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. Alabama is the 30th largest by area and the 24th-most populous of the U.S. states. With a total of 1,500 miles (2,400 km) of inland waterways, Alabama has among the most of any state.

Alabama is nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, after the state bird. Alabama is also known as the "Heart of Dixie" and the "Cotton State". The state tree is the longleaf pine, and the state flower is the camellia. Alabama's capital is Montgomery. The largest city by population is Birmingham, which has long been the most industrialized city; the largest city by land area is Huntsville. The oldest city is Mobile, founded by French colonists in 1702 as the capital of French Louisiana.

From the American Civil War until World War II, Alabama, like many states in the southern U.S., suffered economic hardship, in part because of its continued dependence on agriculture. Similar to other former slave states, Alabamian legislators employed Jim Crow laws to disenfranchise and otherwise discriminate against African Americans from the end of the Reconstruction Era up until at least the 1970s. Despite the growth of major industries and urban centers, white rural interests dominated the state legislature from 1901 to the 1960s. During this time, urban interests and African Americans were markedly under-represented. Following World War II, Alabama grew as the state's economy changed from one primarily based on agriculture to one with diversified interests. The state's economy in the 21st century is based on management, automotive, finance, manufacturing, aerospace, mineral extraction, healthcare, education, retail, and technology.

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The Louisiana Superdome in 2005
The 2005 Sugar Bowl was a postseason American college football bowl game between the Virginia Tech Hokies and the Auburn Tigers at the Louisiana Superdome in New Orleans on January 3, 2005. It was the 71st edition of the annual Sugar Bowl football contest. Virginia Tech represented the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC) in the contest, while Auburn represented the Southeastern Conference (SEC). Virginia Tech was selected as a participant in the game after winning the ACC football championship during the team's first year in the conference. Tech finished the regular season 10–2. Auburn finished the regular season undefeated and 12–0. In a defensive struggle, Auburn earned a 16–13 victory despite a late-game rally by Virginia Tech.

In the first quarter, Auburn took a 3–0 lead. Following an interception by the Auburn defense, their lead was extended to 6–0. In the second quarter, another field goal resulted in three points for Auburn. At halftime, Auburn led 9–0. Auburn opened the second half with its first and only touchdown drive of the game, giving them a 16–0 lead, which it held into the fourth quarter. In final quarter, Tech scored its first touchdown of the game but did not convert the two-point try, making the score 16–6. Late in the quarter, Tech quarterback Bryan Randall cut Auburn's lead to 16–13 on an 80-yard pass that resulted in another touchdown. With almost no time remaining in the game, Virginia Tech was forced to attempt an onside kick to have another chance on offense. Auburn recovered the kick and was able to run out the clock and secure the win.

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A one day old Giraffe stands by its mother at the Birmingham Zoo
Credit: Ralph Daily

A one day old Giraffe stands by its mother at the Birmingham Zoo, a major zoological park founded in 1950 in Birmingham, Alabama. The 122 acres (49 ha) zoo is home to approximately 750 animals of 250 species including many endangered species from six continents. It is located, along with the Birmingham Botanical Gardens, in Lane Park, a 200 acres (81 ha) city-owned park on the southern slope of Red Mountain.

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Wikinews Alabama portal
  • October 9: Hurricane Nate weakens as it reaches United States
  • March 4: Alabama Supreme Court orders judges to stop issuing same-sex marriage licences
  • January 22: Perry out, Abbott in: Texas gets new governor
  • December 20: Public health officials advise on rising flu levels in Texas 2013/2014 season
  • April 29: Australian Jesse Williams drafted in fifth round by the NFL's Seattle Seahawks

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Memorial Wall erected for Holloway
Natalee Holloway (born 1986) is an American female who disappeared on May 30, 2005, during a high school graduation trip to Aruba. The disappearance caused a media sensation in the U.S. She was last seen by her classmates outside Carlos'n Charlie's, a Caribbean chain restaurant and nightclub in Oranjestad, with locals Joran van der Sloot and brothers Deepak and Satish Kalpoe. When questioned, the three men denied knowing what became of Holloway. Van der Sloot was arrested twice and the Kalpoes arrested three times each but no charges were filed.

With the help of hundreds of volunteers, Aruban investigators conducted an extensive search for Holloway. The searches were unsuccessful, and according to Aruban authorities she is most likely dead. On December 18, 2007, Aruban prosecutors announced that the case would be closed. The Aruban prosecutor's office reopened the case on February 1, 2008, after receiving video footage of Joran van der Sloot making statements that Holloway died and that her body was disposed of. Van der Sloot has since denied that what he said was true. Holloway's family has criticized Aruban investigators throughout the search for a perceived lack of progress in finding her.

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Twin Oaks Plantation



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State facts

  • Nicknames: Cotton Plantation State, Cotton State, Heart of Dixie, Lizard State, Yellowhammer State
  • Capital: Montgomery
  • Governor: Kay Ivey (R)
  • Lieutenant Governor: Vacant
  • Secretary of State: John H. Merrill
  • Attorney General: Steve Marshall (R)
  • Total area: 52,419 mi2
    • Land: 50,742 mi2
    • Water: 1,677 mi2
  • Highest elevation: 2,413 ft (Mount Cheaha)
  • Population 4,863,300 (2016 est)
  • Admission to the Union: December 14, 1819 (22th)

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Big Spring Park in Huntsville, Alabama
Credit: Larry Wilbourn

Big Spring International Park is located in downtown Huntsville, Alabama. It is most noted as being the site of the Panoply Arts Festival, held the last full weekend in April, and Big Spring Jam, an annual music festival that usually occurs on the fourth weekend in September.

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2005 Sugar BowlAlabama Crimson Tide football seasonsBirmingham campaignBobby EatonHurricane Danny (1997)List of counties in AlabamaList of Governors of AlabamaList of National Historic Landmarks in AlabamaList of tallest buildings in MobileNatalee HollowayOzzie SmithRosa ParksTo Kill a MockingbirdTropical Storm Bill (2003)UAB Blazers football seasonsZelda Fitzgerald

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2008 Super Tuesday tornado outbreakAcer rubrumAgudath Israel Etz AhayemApril 6–8, 2006 Tornado OutbreakAuburn High School (Alabama)Birmingham AmericansBob HollyBrodie CroyleCaptain MunnerlynCharles BarkleyCharlie FonvilleDebra MarshallDan PovenmireFebruary-March 2007 Tornado OutbreakGrapicoGreat Storm of 1975Hurricane CarmenHurricane EloiseHurricane Florence (1988)Hurricane IsidoreHurricane IvanInterstate 359John Mitchell (American football coach)Mark MatthewsMobile, AlabamaRichard M. ScrushyShenandoah (band)Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad CompanyTropical Storm Arlene (2005)Tropical Storm Beryl (1988)Tropical Storm Matthew (2004)Utricularia inflataWilliam Lowndes Yancey

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