Portal:Alabama

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The Alabama Portal

Flag of Alabama
Alabama's location within the United States

Alabama is a state in the southeastern region of the United States. It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. Alabama is the 30th largest by area and the 24th-most populous of the U.S. states. With a total of 1,500 miles (2,400 km) of inland waterways, Alabama has among the most of any state.

Alabama is nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, after the state bird. Alabama is also known as the "Heart of Dixie" and the "Cotton State". The state tree is the longleaf pine, and the state flower is the camellia. Alabama's capital is Montgomery. The largest city by population is Birmingham, which has long been the most industrialized city; the largest city by land area is Huntsville. The oldest city is Mobile, founded by French colonists in 1702 as the capital of French Louisiana.

From the American Civil War until World War II, Alabama, like many states in the southern U.S., suffered economic hardship, in part because of its continued dependence on agriculture. Similar to other former slave states, Alabamian legislators employed Jim Crow laws to disenfranchise and otherwise discriminate against African Americans from the end of the Reconstruction Era up until at least the 1970s. Despite the growth of major industries and urban centers, white rural interests dominated the state legislature from 1901 to the 1960s. During this time, urban interests and African Americans were markedly under-represented. Following World War II, Alabama grew as the state's economy changed from one primarily based on agriculture to one with diversified interests. The state's economy in the 21st century is based on management, automotive, finance, manufacturing, aerospace, mineral extraction, healthcare, education, retail, and technology.

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Shenandoah in July 2008. L-R: Mike Folsom, Stan Munsey, Jimmy Yeary, Jim Seales, Mike McGuire.
Shenandoah is an American country music group founded in Muscle Shoals, Alabama in 1984 by Marty Raybon (lead vocals, acoustic guitar), Ralph Ezell (bass guitar, backing vocals), Stan Thorn (keyboards), Jim Seales (lead guitar, backing vocals), and Mike McGuire (drums, background vocals). Ezell was replaced by Rocky Thacker in 1996, shortly before the band broke up and Raybon pursued a solo career as a country-gospel artist. Seals, Thacker and McGuire re-established the band in 2000 with keyboardist Stan Munsey and vocalists Curtis Wright and Brent Lamb. Ezell later rejoined on bass, with Mike Folsom taking over after Ezell's 2007 death, and following Lamb's and Wright's departures, Jimmy Yeary became the fourth lead vocalist.

Shenandoah has released nine studio albums, of which two have been certified gold by the Recording Industry Association of America. The band has also charted twenty-six singles on the Billboard Hot Country Songs charts, including the Number One hits "The Church on Cumberland Road," "Sunday in the South" and "Two Dozen Roses" from 1989, "Next to You, Next to Me" from 1990, and "If Bubba Can Dance (I Can Too)" from 1994. The late 1994-early 1995 single "Somewhere in the Vicinity of the Heart," which featured guest vocals from Alison Krauss, won both artists a Grammy Award for Best Country Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal.

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Mitchell in Pittsburgh's Super Bowl XLIII parade
John Mitchell, Jr. (born October 14, 1951) is an American football coach and former collegiate player. Over the course of his career, Mitchell has broken several racial barriers and has had the opportunity to work with many icons of the sport. Currently, he is the defensive line coach and assistant head coach of the Pittsburgh Steelers in the National Football League (NFL). As a player, Mitchell was the first African-American to play football for the storied Alabama Crimson Tide. In his second year with the program he became the first African-American co-captain at the school. The next year he became the team's first black assistant coach and also the youngest coach to have ever been hired at Alabama. Later he would break another barrier by becoming the first black defensive coordinator in the Southeastern Conference.

His coaching career has spanned over 37 years during which time he has worked with several icons of the football coaching pantheon, including college coaching greats Bear Bryant and Lou Holtz as well as Bill Belichick and Bill Cowher in the pros. Teams he has coached have won championships at both the college and professional levels.

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  • Nicknames: Cotton Plantation State, Cotton State, Heart of Dixie, Lizard State, Yellowhammer State
  • Capital: Montgomery
  • Governor: Kay Ivey (R)
  • Lieutenant Governor: Vacant
  • Secretary of State: John H. Merrill
  • Attorney General: Steve Marshall (R)
  • Total area: 52,419 mi2
    • Land: 50,742 mi2
    • Water: 1,677 mi2
  • Highest elevation: 2,413 ft (Mount Cheaha)
  • Population 4,863,300 (2016 est)
  • Admission to the Union: December 14, 1819 (22th)

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Skyline of Montgomery, Alabama
Credit: Spyder Monkey

Montgomery is the capital, second most populous city, and the fourth most populous metropolitan area in the Southern U.S. state of Alabama. It is also the county seat of Montgomery County. The city population was 201,568 as of the 2000 census.

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2005 Sugar BowlAlabama Crimson Tide football seasonsBirmingham campaignBobby EatonHurricane Danny (1997)List of counties in AlabamaList of Governors of AlabamaList of National Historic Landmarks in AlabamaList of tallest buildings in MobileNatalee HollowayOzzie SmithRosa ParksTo Kill a MockingbirdTropical Storm Bill (2003)UAB Blazers football seasonsZelda Fitzgerald

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2008 Super Tuesday tornado outbreakAcer rubrumAgudath Israel Etz AhayemApril 6–8, 2006 Tornado OutbreakAuburn High School (Alabama)Birmingham AmericansBob HollyBrodie CroyleCaptain MunnerlynCharles BarkleyCharlie FonvilleDebra MarshallDan PovenmireFebruary-March 2007 Tornado OutbreakGrapicoGreat Storm of 1975Hurricane CarmenHurricane EloiseHurricane Florence (1988)Hurricane IsidoreHurricane IvanInterstate 359John Mitchell (American football coach)Mark MatthewsMobile, AlabamaRichard M. ScrushyShenandoah (band)Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad CompanyTropical Storm Arlene (2005)Tropical Storm Beryl (1988)Tropical Storm Matthew (2004)Utricularia inflataWilliam Lowndes Yancey

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