Portal:Alabama

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Flag of Alabama
Alabama's location within the United States

Alabama (formally, the State of Alabama; About this sound /ˌæləˈbæmə/ ) is a state located in the southern region of the United States of America. It became the 22nd state to enter the Union in 1819 and was the fifth state to secede in 1861 to form the Confederate States of America. Its capital, Montgomery, served briefly as the capitol of the Confederate States. Alabama is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, Florida and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and Mississippi to the west. Alabama ranks 30th in total land area and ranks second in the size of its inland waterways. The state ranks 23rd in population with almost 4.6 million residents in 2006.

From the American Civil War until World War II, Alabama, like many Southern states, suffered economic hardship, in part because of continued dependence on agriculture. White rural interests dominated the state legislature until the 1960s, while urban interests and African Americans were underrepresented. In the years following World War II, Alabama experienced significant recovery as the economy of the state transitioned from agriculture to diversified interests in heavy manufacturing, mineral extraction, education, and high technology, as well as the establishment or expansion of multiple military installations, primarily those of the U.S. Army and U.S. Air Force. Today, the state is heavily invested in aerospace, education, health care, banking, and various heavy industries including automobile manufacturing, mineral extraction, steel production and fabrication.

Alabama is unofficially nicknamed the Yellowhammer State, which is the name of the state bird. Alabama is also known as the "Heart of Dixie". The state tree is the Longleaf Pine, and the state flower is the Camellia. The capital of Alabama is Montgomery, and the largest city by population is Birmingham. The largest city by total land area is Huntsville. The oldest city is Mobile.

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Agudath Israel Etz Ahayem in December 2008
Agudath Israel Etz Ahayem ("Congregation of Israel Tree of Life") is a Conservative Jewish congregation located at 3525 Cloverdale Road in Montgomery, Alabama. Agudath Israel was established as an Orthodox synagogue in 1902 by Yiddish speaking Ashkenazi Jews, recent European immigrants who rejected the Reform practices of Montgomery's established Congregation Khal Montgomery/Temple Beth Or. After renting quarters for a number of years, the congregation purchased its first permanent building on Monroe Street in 1914, and constructed a new building at McDonough and High Street in 1928.

Agudath Israel came to national attention in 1955 because of the Civil rights movement activism of then-rabbi Seymour Atlas, who eventually left the synagogue as a result of it. Cynthia "Cyndie" Culpeper became Agudath Israel's rabbi in 1995, the first Conservative woman rabbi in Alabama, but left in 1997 to seek treatment for AIDS, the result of an accidental needle prick while working as a nurse. Etz Ahayem, was established in 1912 by Ladino speaking Sephardi Jews, particularly from Rhodes. The congregation grew slowly, and completed construction of its first building in 1927. In 1962 the congregation moved to a new building, but by the 1990s it had dwindled, as children of congregants moved away from Montgomery, and had difficulty finding rabbis to lead it. In 2001, the congregations merged, and adopted the current name. From 2002 to 2006 Stephen Listfield was rabbi, and in 2007 Scott Kramer took on the role. As of 2008, Kramer was Agudath Israel Etz Ahayem's rabbi and Neil Sass was the president.

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John Hollis Bankhead Lock and Dam on the Black Warrior River in Tuscaloosa County, Alabama
Credit: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

The Black Warrior River is a tributary of the Tombigbee River, approximately 178 mi (286 km) long, in west central Alabama in the United States. It drains an area of 6,275 sq mi (16,250 km²) with its upper watershed encompassing a forested area of high bluffs at the extreme southern end of the Appalachian Mountains north and west of the city of Birmingham. It is impounded along nearly its entire course in a chain of narrow reservoirs for hydroelectricity, drinking water, and as an aid to navigation.

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Wikinews Alabama portal
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  • April 29: Australian Jesse Williams drafted in fifth round by the NFL's Seattle Seahawks

Selected biography

Smith in 2002
Osborne Earl "Ozzie" Smith (born December 26, 1954 in Mobile, Alabama) is a retired American professional baseball player who was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 2002. Nicknamed "The Wizard," Smith played shortstop for the San Diego Padres and St. Louis Cardinals in Major League Baseball, winning the National League Gold Glove Award for defensive play at shortstop for 13 consecutive seasons. A 15-time All-Star, Smith accumulated 2,460 hits and 580 stolen bases during his career, and won the National League Silver Slugger Award as the best hitter at shortstop in 1987.

Drafted as an amateur player by the San Diego Padres, Smith made his Major League Baseball debut in 1978. Smith won his first Gold Glove award in 1980 and made his first All Star Game appearance in 1981. Despite an injury during the 1985 season, Smith posted career highs in multiple offensive categories in 1987. Smith continued to earn Gold Gloves and All Star appearances on an annual basis until 1993, and later missed nearly three months of the 1995 season after undergoing shoulder surgery. Smith retired at the end of the 1996 season.

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Childhood home of Richmond P. Hobson

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State facts

  • Nicknames: Cotton Plantation State, Cotton State, Heart of Dixie, Lizard State, Yellowhammer State
  • Capital: Montgomery
  • Governor: Kay Ivey (R)
  • Lieutenant Governor: Vacant
  • Secretary of State: John H. Merrill
  • Attorney General: Steve Marshall (R)
  • Total area: 52,419 mi2
    • Land: 50,742 mi2
    • Water: 1,677 mi2
  • Highest elevation: 2,413 ft (Mount Cheaha)
  • Population 4,863,300 (2016 est)
  • Admission to the Union: December 14, 1819 (22th)

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Jule Collins Smith Museum of Fine Artin Auburn, Alabama
Credit: Josh Hallett

The Jule Collins Smith Museum of Fine Art is an art museum on the campus of Auburn University and is the only university art museum in Alabama. Opened on October 3, 2003, the Jule Collins Smith Museum of Fine Art contains six exhibition galleries within its 40,000 square feet (3,700 m2) of interior space.

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2005 Sugar BowlAlabama Crimson Tide football seasonsBirmingham campaignBobby EatonHurricane Danny (1997)List of counties in AlabamaList of Governors of AlabamaList of National Historic Landmarks in AlabamaList of tallest buildings in MobileNatalee HollowayOzzie SmithRosa ParksTo Kill a MockingbirdTropical Storm Bill (2003)UAB Blazers football seasonsZelda Fitzgerald

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2008 Super Tuesday tornado outbreakAcer rubrumAgudath Israel Etz AhayemApril 6–8, 2006 Tornado OutbreakAuburn High School (Alabama)Birmingham AmericansBob HollyBrodie CroyleCaptain MunnerlynCharles BarkleyCharlie FonvilleDebra MarshallDan PovenmireFebruary-March 2007 Tornado OutbreakGrapicoGreat Storm of 1975Hurricane CarmenHurricane EloiseHurricane Florence (1988)Hurricane IsidoreHurricane IvanInterstate 359John Mitchell (American football coach)Mark MatthewsMobile, AlabamaRichard M. ScrushyShenandoah (band)Tennessee Coal, Iron and Railroad CompanyTropical Storm Arlene (2005)Tropical Storm Beryl (1988)Tropical Storm Matthew (2004)Utricularia inflataWilliam Lowndes Yancey

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