Portal:1930s

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The 1930s Portal

The 1930s or The Thirties was a decade that began on January 1, 1930 and ended on December 31, 1939. This period is most known for the Great Depression, a worldwide economic slump that began with the Wall Street Crash of 1929 just two months earlier. The downturn caused widespread poverty, especially in the United States, an economic superpower, and Germany, who had to deal with the reparations regarding World War I. The Dust Bowl (which gives the nickname the Dirty Thirties) further emphasised the scarcity of wealth. Herbert Hoover worsened the situation during his failed attempt to balance the budget by raising taxes. Franklin D. Roosevelt has been elected as a response in 1933, where he imposed the New Deal. The founding of the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) and the funding of numerous projects (e.g. the Hoover Dam) helped restore prosperity in the US. On December 5, 1933, the Twenty-first Amendment was ratified, which repealed the Eighteenth Amendment, the only instance in the history of the U.S. constitution where an amendment was repealed. Meanwhile, Germany elected Adolf Hitler, who imposed the Nuremberg Laws, a series of laws which discriminated Jews and other ethnic minorities. Despite attempts from the League of Nations, calls for worldwide peace were officially abandoned when World War II began on September 1, 1939. WWII helped end the Great Depression when governments spent money for the war effort.

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India's "Father of the Nation" - Mahatma Gandhi
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Gujarati: મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી, Hindi: मोहनदास करमचंद गांधी, IAST: mohandās karamcand gāndhī, [moːhənd̪aːs kərəmtʃənd̪ ɡaːnd̪ʱiː]) (October 2, 1869 – January 30, 1948), was a major political and spiritual leader of India and the Indian independence movement. In India, he is recognized as the Father of the Nation. October 2nd, his birthday, is each year commemorated as Gandhi Jayanti, and is a national holiday. He was the pioneer of Satyagraha—the resistance of tyranny through mass civil disobedience, firmly founded upon ahimsa or total non-violence—which led India to independence and inspired movements for civil rights and freedom across the world. Gandhi is commonly known in India and across the world as Mahatma Gandhi (Hindi: महात्मा, məhatma ; from Sanskrit, mahātmā: Great Soul) and as Bapu (in Gujarati, Father).

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