Port of Novorossiysk

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Coordinates: 44°43′32″N 37°47′20″E / 44.72556°N 37.78889°E / 44.72556; 37.78889 Novorossiysk Sea Port (Russian: Новороссийский морской порт) is one of the largest ports in Russia, located on the Black Sea. The seaport is located on the north-east coast in the ice[clarification needed] and is convenient for navigation in Tsemes Bay. The port is navigable all year round. Novorossiysk Bay is available for vessels with a draft up to 19.0 m and the inner port waters - up to 12.5 m.[1] The port is operated by the Novorossiysk Commercial Sea Port. The port is also a major naval base of the Black Sea Fleet of the Russian Navy.

History

Overview of the port, August 2010

Novorossiysk was founded as a port city September 12, 1838 . Already June 30, 1845 "... the Emperor has deigned to command Vysochajshe Open in Novorossiysk on the northeastern shore of the Black Sea port for receiving incoming vessels from abroad Russian and foreign ..."

Maritime trade was the main activity in the city. In 1846, 102 Russian and 17 foreign vessels visited Novorossiysk. During this period, the port exported rye, wheat, honey, fish, tobacco and sugar. In 1887 the total turnover of the port was only 7.5 thousand pounds and there were no facilities except for a wooden jetty Society "Russian Standard".

To the east of jetties Vladikavkaz railway was marina Oil Industry Company "Russian Standard", served specially for sending oil. It was equipped with a cast-iron pipeline, had a length of 150 m and a width of 8.5 m Since 1894, with the development of the oil industry in the district of Grozny, the export of oil increases. For storage of oil cargo Vladikavkaz Railway Company constructed 23 improved reservoir and 3 pipeline for oil loading on ships.

Thus, the Novorossiysk port, built and equipped with the Joint Stock Company Vladikavkaz Railway (today's Privolzhskaya Railway) at the turn of the 20th century, became a major trading center of the North Caucasus. In the late nineties, a project protection vessels at berths from gales: by port workers were built two breakwater - eastern and western. In subsequent years, the port continued to grow rapidly.

Soviet period

In 1920, after the departure of the last parts of the city Denikin began nationalizing port. In keeping created the Port Authority was given all waterworks owned before by Vladikavkaz railway and other public companies and private owners. The jurisdiction of the Port Authority were maritime agency in Anapa, Gelendzhik, Dzhubga, Arkhipo-Osipovka, mechanical workshops, dock, boathouse, shipyard and all marine facilities and services.

In the autumn of 1921 and the entire 1922 through the port were loads of food for the starving Volga. For this work, the port was awarded the Order of Red Banner of Labor.

World War II

During the Great Patriotic War in the port area were fights, which caused significant damage to the material base of the port. September 10, 1943 saw the beginning the assault to liberate the city and the port. On September 16 the city was liberated. Of the 40 berths, one survived, also heavily damaged. The Nazi attack destroyed all the warehouses, cranes and handling equipment. In November 1943, the State Defense Committee decides on the first stage of the restoration of the NCSP . The official start of activities seaport after the devastation caused during the war, is considered 1 October 1944. The port at the time employed 641 people.

Post war period

By 1963, construction was completed of the first wide pier. In the same year, the port handled 162 vessel.

Russian Federation

In the post-Soviet period after the collapse of the USSR in Novorossiysk seaport was a large-scale redistribution of property and as a consequence of the reorganization of the port in market conditions. To ensure the management functions of the state port, navigation safety, environmental safety, supervision of compliance with laws and regulations in the field of merchant shipping in the port of Novorossiysk was created by the Federal State Institution "Administration of Novorossiysk sea port" (before the reorganization 28.03.2005 Order number VR-112-r of the Federal Agency of Maritime and River Transport - State Institution "Novorossiysk Maritime Administration") organized March 23, 1994 Order number 26, the Department of Sea Ministry of Transport of the Russian Federation on the basis of Order of the Government of Russia №1299 from 17 December 1993.

References

  1. ^ Новопорт. Информационный портал Юга России
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