Porbandar State

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Porbandar State (1808-1948)
Kingdom of Porbandar (1193-1307; 1785-1808)
Kingdom of Ranpur (1307-1574)
Kingdom of Chhaya (1574-1785)
પોરબંદર રિયાસત (1808-1948)
પોરબંદરનું રાજ્ય (1193-1307; 1785-1808)
રણપુરનું રાજ્ય (1307-1574)

છાયા કિંગડમ (1574-1785)

Princely State under British sovereignty (1808-1948)
Monarchy (1193-1808)
1193–1948
Flag
Flag
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Porbandar in a map of the Bombay Presidency
Capital Porbandar (1193-1307, 1785-1948)
Ranpur (1307-1574)
Chhaya (1547-1785)
Languages Gujarati, Hindustani, and Sanskrit
Government Princely state under British sovereignty (1809-1948)
Monarchy (1193-1808)
Maharaja Rana
 •  10 December 1908-15 February 1948 Natwarsinhji Bhavsinhji (last)
History
 •  Established 1193
 •  merged into India 1948
Area
 •  1931 1,647 km2 (636 sq mi)
Population
 •  1931 est. 115,673 
     Density 70/km2 (182/sq mi)
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Gurjara-Pratihara
Dominion of India
Today part of India Porbandar district and Junagadh district, Gujarat, India
Warning: Value not specified for "continent"
Merchant flag of Porbandar adopted by the Jethwa rulers of the kingdom showing the image of Hanuman from whom the Jethwas claim their descent.
Hizoor Palace was built by last ruler of Princely State of Probandar, Rana Natwarsinhji, in early 20th century, stands near sear the shore at the Marine Drive in the city.

Porbandar State was a princely state during the British Raj ruled by Jethwa dynasty. It was one of the few princely states with a coastline.

The capital of state was the harbour town of Porbandar.[1] Some other important towns of state were Bhanvad, Chhaya, Ranpar, and Shrinagar. Earlier Shrinagar served as the capital of Jethwas, then Ghumli served as the capital, but was lost to the Jadejas, however, architectural heritage built by them still stands at Ghumli.[2] During the British Raj, the state covered[3] an area of 1,663 square kilometres (642 sq mi), encompassing 106 villages and a population, in 1921, of over 100,000 people. It enjoyed a revenue of Rs. 21,00,000/-.

History

In 1193 Porbandar State was founded by an ancestral ruler expelled from Morvi State. In 1307 the state was renamed 'Ranpur' and in 1574 it was renamed 'Chhaya'. Finally in 1785 the state reverted to the name Porbandar. On 5 December 1809 it became a British protectorate and between 1886 and 15 September 1900 the state was administered by the Bombay Presidency. It was part of the Kathiawar Agency[4] from 1819 to 1922.[5]

In 1888, during the reign of Vikramatji Khimojiraj, the State started metre-gauge railway called Porbandar State Railway, which after independence was merged in to Saurashtra Railway.[6]

Upon the Independence of India in 1947, the state acceded unto the dominion of India. It was merged with the 'United State of Kathiawar', effective from 15 February 1948 and eventually came to form part of the present-day state of Gujarat.[1]

The grandfather of Mahatma Gandhi, the leader of Indian independence movement, Uttamchand Gandhi and later his father – Karamchand Gandhi and uncle – Tulsidas Gandhi, served as Dewan to Rana of Porbandar state.[7][8]

Rulers

Porbandar State was ruled by the Jethwa dynasty of Rajputs.[9] By 1947, the rulers held the style of "Highness" and the title of "Maharaj Rana Sahib";[1] they were entitled to a salute of 13 guns as a hereditary distinction.

Ranas

  • 1699 – 1709 Bhanji Sartanji (d. 1709)
  • 1709 – 1728 Khimoji III (d. 1728)
  • 1728 – 1757 Vikmatji III Khimoji (d. 1757)
  • 1757 – 22 April 1813 Sartanji II Vikmatji (d. 1813)
  • 1804 – 1812 Haloji Sultanji -Regent (d. 1812)
  • 22 Apr 1813 – 20 June 1831 Khimojiraj Haloji (d. 1831)
  • 20 Jun 1831 – 21 April 1900 Vikramatji Khimojiraj (b. 1819 – d. 1900)
  • 20 Jun 1831 – 1841 Rani Rupaliba Kunverba (f) -Regent (d. 1841)
  • 21 Apr 1900 – 10 December 1908 Bhavsinhji Madhavsinhji (b. 1867 – d. 1908)
  • 10 Dec 1908 – 1 January 1918 Natwarsinhji Bhavsinhji (b. 1901 – d. 1979)
  • 10 Dec 1908 – 1909 Regents
    • – J.K. Condon (to 1909)
    • – Rao Bahadur A.S. Tambe (1909–1910)
    • – Wala Vajsur Valera (1909–1913) (b. 1873 – d. 19..)
    • – F. de B. Hancock (1913–1916) (d. 1916)
    • – Edward O'Brien (Apr 1916 – 1918) (b. 1872 – d. 1965)

Maharaja Rana Sahib Shri

  • 1 January 1918 – 15 August 1947 Natwarsinhji Bhavsinhji (s.a.) (from 3 June 1929, Sir Natwarsimhji Bhavsimhji)
    • 1 January 1918 – 26 January 1920 Edward O'Brien -Regent (s.a.)

Administrators

  • 1886 – 1890 Frederick Styles Philpin Lely (b. 1846 – d. 1934)
  • 1890 – 1894 Shankar Pandurang Pandit
  • Mar 1894 – 1896 William Thomson Morison
  • Nov 1897 – 1900 Francis William Snell

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c "PORBANDAR". www.royalark.net. Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  2. ^ [1] Gazetteer of the Bombay Presidency, Volume 8, 1884
  3. ^ "Porbandar (Princely State)". www.maheronline.org. Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  4. ^ Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Porbandar". Encyclopædia Britannica. 22 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 100. 
  5. ^ Princely States of India
  6. ^ "Porbandar railway". 
  7. ^ [2] Encyclopaedia of Eminent Thinkers: The political thought of Mahatma Gandhi By K. S. Bharathi
  8. ^ "Porbandar". www.britannica.com. Retrieved 10 December 2012. 
  9. ^ Rajput Provinces of India – Porbandar State (Princely State)

External links

  • Media related to Porbandar State at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 21°37′48″N 69°36′00″E / 21.63000°N 69.60000°E / 21.63000; 69.60000

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