Popular Alternative

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Popular Alternative
Alternativa Popolare
Leader Beatrice Lorenzin
President Angelino Alfano
Coordinator vacant
Founded 18 March 2017
Preceded by New Centre-Right
Headquarters Via Arcione 71
00186 Rome
Ideology Centrism
Liberal conservatism
Christian democracy
Political position Centre
National affiliation Popular Civic List
Centre-left coalition
European affiliation European People's Party
International affiliation none
European Parliament group European People's Party
Chamber of Deputies TBD
Senate TBD
European Parliament TBD
Website
www.alternativapopolare.it

Popular Alternative (Italian: Alternativa Popolare, AP) is a centrist, mainly Christian-democratic and originally centre-right political party in Italy, founded on 18 March 2017, after the dissolution of New Centre-Right (NCD),[1] one of the two parties emerged at the break-up of The People of Freedom (PdL, Italian main centre-right party in 2008–2013).

"Popular" is a reference to popolarismo, the Italian variety of Christian democracy. The party has been a member of the European People's Party (EPP) since its foundation, having inherited the membership of the NCD.

The party's founder was Angelino Alfano, a former protége of Silvio Berlusconi and secretary of PdL (2011–2013) who has served as minister of Justice (Berlusconi IV Cabinet, 2008–2011), Interior (Letta and Renzi Cabinets, 2013–2016) and Foreign Affairs (Gentiloni Cabinet, 2016–present). In December 2017 Alfano announced that he would not stand in the 2018 general election and the party suffered the split of a large centre-right faction, whose members wanted to re-align with the centre-right coalition. The rump of the party continued its alliance with the Democratic Party, by formally entering the centre-left coalition, and, with Alfano's backing, Beatrice Lorenzin, minister of Health since 2013, became AP's de facto leader.[2]

History

Origins and background

In November 2013 The People of Freedom (PdL), the centre-right party led by Silvio Berlusconi, was transformed back into Forza Italia (FI). A group of dissidents, led by Angelino Alfano, opposed the move and launched the New Centre-Right (NCD).[3] Up to then, Alfano had been national secretary of the PdL and Berlusconi's protégé. Since its foundation, the NCD was part of the Italian governments successively led by Enrico Letta, Matteo Renzi and Paolo Gentiloni, all three members of the Democratic Party (PD), and Alfano served as inister of the Interior and Foreign Affairs.

Foundation and early splits

On 18 March 2017 the NCD was dissolved into Popular Alternative (AP).[4] Alfano's aim was to build a centre-right alliance with FI, while being at odds with Lega Nord (LN) and the Brothers of Italy (FdI), which he considered "populist",[5] and asked for a primary election to select the centre-right candidate for Prime Minister for the next general election.[6]

Virtually all NCD's leading members (including Maurizio Lupi, Roberto Formigoni, Beatrice Lorenzin, Fabrizio Cicchitto, Antonio Gentile, Gabriele Albertini, Laura Bianconi, Giovanni La Via and Francesco Colucci) followed Alfano in the new party, while Maurizio Sacconi joined Stefano Parisi's Energies for Italy (EpI).[7][8][9]

Since its foundation AP was abandonded by five deputies (four re-joining FI, one joining the PD) and four senators (one joining FI, another the FdI and two the Federation of Freedom, FdL), while two deputies switched from the Liberal Popular Alliance (ALA).[10][11] One of the deputies who left the party was Enrico Costa, who also resigned as minister of Regional Affairs from Paolo Gentiloni's government[12][13][14] and aimed at forming a "liberal centre" with FI.[15]

Road to the 2018 general election

In the run-up of the 2018 general election AP, which was soundly defeated in the 2017 Sicilian regional election, was divided in three camps: those who wanted an alliance with the PD (Lorenzin and Cicchitto), those who proposed to run as a stand-alone list (Lupi) and those who were keen on returning with the centre-right coalition (Formigoni). The decision by the party's national board was postponed several times.[16][17][18][19] In the meantime, Alfano announced that he would not stand in the election.[20][21]

On 12 December 2017 AP's national board approved a consent settlement, under which the two parliamentary groups would continue to be active in order to prepare the electoral participation of the two main factions: the one led by Lorenzin and Cicchitto (backed by Alfano) with the centre-left (under the "Popular Alternative" name), the one led by Lupi and Formigoni with the centre-right (reviving the "New Centre-Right" banner).[22][23] A few days later Gentile replaced Lupi as coordinator.[24]

On 19 December the group around Lupi and the former AP members close to Costa formed Us with Italy (NcI), a pro-Berlusconi centrist electoral list within the centre-right coalition, along with Direction Italy (DI), Civic Choice (SC), Act! (F!), Popular Construction (CP) and the Movement for the Autonomies (MpA).[25][26][27] The list was later enlarged to the Union of the Centre (UdC)[28][29][30] and Identity and Action (IdeA),[31][32] with the goal of reaching 3%, required to win seats from proportional lists under a new electoral law.

On 29 December AP formed the Popular Civic List (CP), a centrist electoral list within the centre-left coalition, along with Italy of Values (IdV), the Centrists for Europe (CpE), Solidary Democracy (DeS), the Union for Trentino (UpT), Italy is Popular (IP) and minor parties/groups, and Lorenzin was chosen as leader.[33][34][35] Contextually, Gentile stepped down from coordinator and announced his return to FI, while continuing to serve as undersecretary in Gentiloni's government.[36]

Ideology and factions

The party's ideology is that of the NCD, as the former is the perfect continuation of the latter. Despite being home to some social democrats (Reformism and Freedom, We Reformers), the party was mainly a Christian-democratic party with a social-conservative streak. According to Corriere della Sera, differently from FI, NCD's stances on the "so-called ethical issues" (abortion, LGBT rights, etc.) were "closer to those of the European traditionalist right" and "thus not very compatible with those of the EPP's parties in big countries such as Germany".[37] However, the party voted in favor of civil unions, whereas most FI members voted against it.[38] The NCD was also criticised by some Catholic associations for not opposing enough the teaching of gender studies in schools.[39] In addition, the NCD, as part of centre-left governments, proved more progressive than FI on the management of illegal immigration, which was negatively evaluated by Berlusconi's party.[40] Precisely for these and other reasons, several NCD politicians left the party to either form Identity and Action (IdeA) led by Gaetano Quagliariello or re-joined FI (e.g. Nunzia De Girolamo, Renato Schifani and Massimiliano Salini),[41] in both cases re-aligning with the FI-led centre-right coalition.[42] Some of the formerly NCD-affiliated factions or think tanks are now affiliated to AP:

Electoral results

Italian Parliament

Chamber of Deputies
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2018 into Popular Civic TBD
0 / 630
Beatrice Lorenzin
Senate of the Republic
Election year # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/– Leader
2018 into Popular Civic TBD
0 / 315
Beatrice Lorenzin

Regional Councils

Region Latest election # of
overall votes
 % of
overall vote
# of
overall seats won
+/–
Aosta Valley 2013 N/A N/A
0 / 35
Piedmont 2014 49,059 (#7) (with UdC) 3.5 (with UdC)
0 / 50
Lombardy 2013 N/A N/A
0 / 80
South Tyrol 2013 N/A N/A
0 / 35
Trentino 2013 N/A N/A
0 / 35
Veneto 2015 37,937 (#10) 2.0
1 / 51
Increase 1
Friuli-Venezia Giulia 2013 N/A N/A
0 / 49
Liguria 2015 9,269 (#8) 1.7
1 / 50
Increase 1
Emilia-Romagna 2014 31,635 (#7) (with UdC) 2.6 (with UdC)
0 / 50
Tuscany 2015 15,837 (#8) 1.2
0 / 41
Marche 2015 21,049 (#7) 4.0
1 / 31
Increase 1
Umbria 2015 9,285 (#9) 2.6
0 / 20
Lazio 2013 N/A N/A
0 / 50
Abruzzo 2014 19,548 (#9) 2.9
0 / 31
Molise 2013 N/A N/A
0 / 21
Campania 2015 133,753 (#5) 5.9
1 / 51
Increase 1
Apulia 2015 101,817 (#7) 6.4
3 / 51
Increase 3
Basilicata 2013 N/A N/A
0 / 21
Calabria 2014 47,574 (#6) 6.1
3 / 30
Increase 3
Sardinia 2014 N/A N/A
0 / 60
Sicily 2017 80,366 (#10) 4.2
0 / 70

Leadership

References

  1. ^ "Ncd finisce, nasce Alternativa Popolare - Politica". 18 March 2017. 
  2. ^ Alleanza Popolare, Gentile neo coordinatore nazionale «Beatrice Lorenzin è la nostra leadership di riferimento»
  3. ^ Nicolas Bonnet (2015). "Silvo's Party". In Agnès Alexandre-Collier; François Vergniolle De Chantal. Leadership and Uncertainty Management in Politics: Leaders, Followers and Constraints in Western Democracies. Palgrave Macmillan. pp. 105–106. ISBN 978-1-137-43924-6. 
  4. ^ "Ncd si scioglie, Alfano battezza "Alternativa Popolare"". 18 March 2017. 
  5. ^ "Alfano, FI sta con lepenisti, centrodestra non innovabile". 
  6. ^ "Ncd addio, Alfano lancia Alternativa popolare: primarie per la leadership". 
  7. ^ "Sacconi lascia Alfano e approda a Energie per l'Italia. Parisi: adesione strada altarnativa alla sinistra - ILFOGLIETTONE.ITILFOGLIETTONE.IT". www.ilfogliettone.it. 
  8. ^ "Sacconi si schiera con Parisi insieme in Energie per l'Italia - Regione - Il Mattino di Padova". 20 March 2017. 
  9. ^ "Nuovo polo in costruzione, gran traffico al centro (attorno a Parisi e Fitto)". 20 March 2017. 
  10. ^ "Camera.it - XVII Legislatura - Deputati e Organi Parlamentari - Composizione gruppi Parlamentari". www.camera.it. 
  11. ^ "senato.it - Senato della Repubblica senato.it - Variazioni nei Gruppi parlamentari". www.senato.it. 
  12. ^ "Governo, si è dimesso ministro Enrico Costa: "Niente ambiguità"". 19 July 2017. 
  13. ^ "Enrico Costa si dimette: Gentiloni perde pezzi. L'ex ministro verso Forza Italia. Alfano: "Inevitabile e tardivo" - Il Fatto Quotidiano". 19 July 2017. 
  14. ^ "Perché si è dimesso il ministro Enrico Costa, centrista, tennista e non palindromo". 
  15. ^ "Costa lascia il governo Via al partito centrista che nasce contro Alfano". 
  16. ^ http://www.huffingtonpost.it/2017/11/24/andare-da-soli-o-allearsi-con-il-pd-ap-avvia-unistruttoria-per-decidere_a_23287524
  17. ^ http://formiche.net/2017/11/28/815242
  18. ^ http://www.linkiesta.it/it/article/2017/12/04/con-renzi-berlusconi-o-da-soli-la-lotta-per-la-sopravvivenza-degli-alf/36381
  19. ^ http://www.affaritaliani.it/politica/ap-alfaniani-spaccati-in-tre-verso-una-doppia-scissione-tutti-i-nomi-513500.html
  20. ^ http://www.corriere.it/politica/17_dicembre_06/elezioni-alfano-non-mi-ricandido-ma-non-lascio-politica-3a4c9a62-da9f-11e7-97c8-2b2709c9cc49.shtml
  21. ^ https://www.ilfattoquotidiano.it/2017/12/06/elezioni-angelino-alfano-non-mi-ricandidero-in-parlamento-e-non-saro-ministro-renzi-non-ci-ho-parlato/4023649
  22. ^ "Alternativa Popolare, il partito si scioglie: "È una separazione consensuale". Per ora i gruppi parlamentari restano uniti - Il Fatto Quotidiano". Il Fatto Quotidiano (in Italian). 2017-12-12. Retrieved 2017-12-12. 
  23. ^ http://www.ilgiornale.it/video/politica/alternativa-popolare-separati-casa-fino-fine-legislatura-1473474.html
  24. ^ http://www.political24.it/component/k2/ap-gentile-rinfrazio-alfano-per-avermi-nominato-coordinatore-nazionale.html
  25. ^ http://www.repubblica.it/politica/2017/12/19/news/listone_centristi_pro_berlusconi-184566329
  26. ^ [1]
  27. ^ http://www.ilgiornale.it/news/politica/nasce-noi-litalia-quarta-gamba-centrodestra-1475804.html
  28. ^ http://www.affaritaliani.it/milano/udc-noi-con-italia-accordo-sulla-lista-torna-lo-scudo-crociato-517050.html
  29. ^ http://www.corriere.it/politica/17_dicembre_30/gentiloni-berlusconi-lornzin-casini-pd-margherita-civica-popolare-simbolo-votazioni-nasce-stampella-centrista-forza-italia-c6bba08c-ecfc-11e7-ba29-fb1d66cc2503.shtml
  30. ^ http://www.ilgiornale.it/news/politica/berlusconi-si-appella-ai-delusi-politica-sar-sfida-coi-5-1478798.html
  31. ^ http://www.affaritaliani.it/puglia/la-tela-fitto-cesa-si-allarga-su-idea-di-gaetano-quagliariello-517848.html
  32. ^ http://formiche.net/2018/01/05/saremo-garantire-lautosufficienza-al-centrodestra-parla-gaetano-quagliariello
  33. ^ http://www.repubblica.it/politica/2017/12/29/news/nasce_la_lista_centrista_alleata_col_pd_sara_guidata_da_lorenzin-185423728
  34. ^ "Centrosinistra, c'è anche il terzo mini-alleato del Pd: Civica Popolare guidata dalla Lorenzin. Simbolo? Una margherita - Il Fatto Quotidiano". Il Fatto Quotidiano (in Italian). 2017-12-29. Retrieved 2018-01-01. 
  35. ^ http://www.ilsole24ore.com/art/notizie/2017-12-29/nasce-civica-popolare-lista-centrista-il-pd-lorenzin-guida--132250.shtml
  36. ^ "Antonio Gentile, il sottosegretario lascia Ap e vota Forza Italia. "Ma resta al governo. Indecoroso spettacolo" - Il Fatto Quotidiano". Il Fatto Quotidiano (in Italian). 2017-12-31. Retrieved 2018-01-01. 
  37. ^ "Pd-azzurri: asse sui diritti (senza Ncd)". Archiviostorico.corriere.it. Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
  38. ^ https://www.ilfattoquotidiano.it/2016/05/11/unioni-civili-ok-al-voto-di-fiducia-369-si-renzi-e-un-giorno-di-festa-le-destre-da-passera-alla-lega-referendum/2717805/
  39. ^ http://www.generazionefamiglia.it/il-gender-nel-comma-16-della-buona-scuola-le-ragioni-della-piazza/
  40. ^ http://www.ilgiornale.it/news/politica/migranti-berlusconi-accordo-libia-lunica-soluzione-1425503.html
  41. ^ http://www.ilsussidiario.net/News/Politica/2015/9/25/SALINI-Politica-lascia-l-Ncd-e-torna-in-Forza-Italia/641545/
  42. ^ http://www.lastampa.it/2016/08/04/italia/politica/renato-schifani-torna-in-forza-italia-fIb39ACoY23HDDkaqeAXCP/pagina.html
  43. ^ "Il clan politico di Cl si attovaglia per spartirsi la torta dell'Expo". Mentiinformatiche.com. 2014-01-21. Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
  44. ^ "Federazione Cristiano Popolari, l'on.Baccini ad Avellino per il nuovo Centrodestra" (in Italian). Irpinia24.it. 2013-02-21. Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
  45. ^ "Noi Riformatori Per Il Nuovo Centrodestra". Noiriformatori.it. Retrieved 2014-02-20. 
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