Pope Sergius II

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Pope
Sergius II
Pope Sergius II Illustration.jpg
Papacy began January 844
Papacy ended 27 January 847
Predecessor Gregory IV
Successor Leo IV
Personal details
Born Rome, Papal States
Died (847-01-27)27 January 847
Other popes named Sergius

Pope Sergius II (Latin: Sergius II; d. January 27, 847) was Pope from January 844 to his death in 847.

Life

Born of a noble family, Sergius was educated in the schola cantorum, was ordained Cardinal-priest of the Church of Sts. Martin and Sylvester by Pope Paschal. Under Gregory IV, he became archpriest.[1]

At a preliminary meeting to designate a successor to Gregory, the name of Sergius was nominated by the aristocracy, while the people of Rome declared for the deacon John. The opposition was suppressed, with Sergius intervening to save John's life. John was, however, shut up in a monastery, and Sergius was duly consecrated, without seeking ratification of the Frankish court.[1]

The Holy Roman Emperor Lothair I, however, disapproved of this abandonment of the Constitutio Romana of 824, which included a statute that no pope should be consecrated until his election had the approval of the Frankish emperor. He sent an army under his son Louis, the recently appointed Viceroy of Italy, to re-establish his authority. The Church and the Emperor reached an accommodation, with Sergius crowning Louis King of Lombardy,[2] although the Pope did not accede to all the demands made upon him.

Sergius contributed to urban redevelopment in Rome, improving churches, aqueducts, and the Lateran Basilica.[1] He and his brother, Benedict, funded their building plans by selling appointments to various church positions to the highest bidder.[3]

During his pontificate the ouskirts of Rome were ravaged, and the churches of St. Peter and St. Paul were sacked by Arabs, who also approached Porto and Ostia in August 846.[2] During the raid, he (along with the people of Rome) looked on helplessly as they hid behind the Aurelian walls.[4] Despite having been forewarned of the intentions of the raiders, Sergius is seen as having not acted adequately enough to prepare for that which eventuated.[5]

Sergius died while negotiating between two patriarchs and was succeeded by Pope Leo IV.

Representations in popular culture

Pope Sergius was portrayed by John Goodman in the 2009 film, Pope Joan.

References

  1. ^ a b c Mann, Horace. "Pope Sergius II." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 13. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1912. 14 September 2017
  2. ^ a b PD-icon.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Sergius". Encyclopædia Britannica. 24 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 667. 
  3. ^ "The 102nd Pope", Spirituality.org, Diocese of Bridgeport
  4. ^ Piers Paul Read (31 Dec 2012). The Templars. Hachette UK. p. iv. ISBN 9781780225982. 
  5. ^ Paul Collins (4 Mar 2014). The Birth of the West: Rome, Germany, France, and the Creation of Europe in the Tenth Century (illustrated, reprint ed.). PublicAffairs. pp. 46–7. ISBN 9781610393683. 

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Pope Sergius II". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. 

Sources

  • Cheetham, Nicolas, Keepers of the Keys, New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1983. ISBN 0-684-17863-X

External links

  • Opera Omnia by Migne Patrologia Latina with analytical indexes
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Gregory IV
Pope
844–847
Succeeded by
Leo IV
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