Pope Romanus

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Pope
Romanus
Pope Romanus Illustration.jpg
Papacy began August 897
Papacy ended November 897
Predecessor Stephen VI
Successor Theodore II
Personal details
Born Gallese, Papal States
Died November 897

Pope Romanus (died November 897) was Pope from August to November 897. He was the supposed nephew of Pope Marinus I.[1] Romanus, whose personal name is unknown, was born in Gallese, Italy near Civita Castellana. Romanus was son of Constantine. He was installed as the cardinal of St. Peter ad Vincula prior to his election to the papacy.[2] During his short reign, he granted the Farfa Abbey Abbot Vitalis the pallium (a vestment in the Catholic Church), and appointed Vitalis as the patriarch of Grado. Romanus also confirmed the possessions of the Spanish bishops of Gerona and Elna of their sees.[3]

He was elected to succeed the murdered Pope Stephen VI during a period when the papacy was fought over by various Italian factions.[4] Pope Stephen VI was murdered after exhuming Pope Formosus's corpse for the posthumous Cadaver Synod,[5] in which, Stephen VI put charges to Formosus' "propped up" body. Like many popes of the era, Romanus annulled all the acts and decrees of his predecessor.[4]

His short rule was regarded as a virtuous one by contemporary historian Flodoard, but 15th-century historian Bartolomeo Platina scorned him for continuing the practice of annulling the acts and decrees of his predecessor.[2] Romanus died in November 897 of an unknown cause, however it is believed that he could have been deposed by supporters of his predecessor Pope Stephen VI, who was of an opposing faction.[5] This belief is due to the description that "he was made a monk" and served as one towards the end of his life was used at the time to describe deposition.[3]

Notes

  1. ^ Anura Guruge (16 Feb 2010). The Next Pope (illustrated ed.). p. 88. ISBN 9780615353722. 
  2. ^ a b Wikisource-logo.svg Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Pope Romanus". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 
  3. ^ a b "Romanus". New Advent. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Platina, Bartolomeo (1479), The Lives of the Popes From The Time Of Our Saviour Jesus Christ to the Accession of Gregory VII, I, London: Griffith Farran & Co., p. 239, retrieved 2013-04-25 
  5. ^ a b "Romanus". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 3 August 2015. 

References

  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Pope Romanus". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. 

External links

  • Opera Omnia by Migne Patrologia Latina with analytical indexes
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Stephen VI
Pope
897
Succeeded by
Theodore II
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