Pope Marinus I

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Pope
Marinus I
Marinus I.jpg
Papacy began 16 December 882
Papacy ended 15 May 884
Predecessor John VIII
Successor Adrian III
Orders
Created Cardinal 880
by Adrian I
Personal details
Born 830
Gallese, Rome, Papal States
Died (884-05-15)15 May 884
Rome, Papal States[1]
Other popes named Marinus

Pope Marinus I (or Martin II; died 15 May 884) was Pope from 16 December 882 to his death in 884. He succeeded John VIII in about the end of December 882.[2]

Prior history

Born at Gallese, Marinus was the son of a priest. He was ordained as a deacon by Pope Nicholas I.[3] Before his election as Pope, he served as Bishop of Caere, which made his election controversial, because, at this stage of history, a bishop was expected never to leave office to move to another see. On three separate occasions he had been employed by the three popes who preceded him as legate to Constantinople, his mission in each case having reference to the controversy started by Photius,[2] Patriarch of Constantinople.[3] In 882, he was sent on behalf of Pope John VIII to Athanasius of Naples to warn him not to trade with the Muslims of southern Italy.[4]

Acts as pope

Among his first acts as pope were the restitution of Formosus as Cardinal Bishop of Portus and the anathematizing of Photius.[5] Due to his respect for Alfred the Great (r. 871–899), he freed the Anglo-Saxons of the Schola Anglorum in Rome from tribute and taxation.[5] He also is recorded to have sent a piece of the True Cross to Alfred as a gift.[6] He died in May or June 884, his successor being Adrian III.

Marinus/Martinus error

Because of the similarity of the names Marinus and Martinus, Popes Marinus I and Marinus II were, in some sources, mistakenly given the name Martinus (and were then listed respectively as Martinus II and Martinus III[7]). Thus, when the new Pope in 1281 took the name Martin, he became Pope Martin IV.

References

  1. ^ The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Marinus I". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 30 August 2016. 
  2. ^ a b  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Marinus (popes)". Encyclopædia Britannica. 17 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 721–722. 
  3. ^ a b McBrien, Richard P. (2000). Lives of the Popes: The Pontiffs from St. Peter to Benedict XVI. HarperCollins. p. 142. ISBN 9780060878078. 
  4. ^ Philippe Levillain (1 Jan 2002). The Papacy: Gaius-Proxies (illustrated ed.). Psychology Press. p. 969. ISBN 9780415922302. 
  5. ^ a b "Pope Marinus I; Martin II". New Catholic Dictionary. 2008. Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  6. ^ Studies in the Early History of Shaftesbury Abbey, Dorset County Council, 1999
  7. ^  Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Pope Marinus I". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. 

External links

  • Opera Omnia by Migne Patrologia Latina with analytical indexes
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
John VIII
Pope
882–884
Succeeded by
Adrian III
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