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Pope Evaristus

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Pope Saint
Evaristus
5-St.Evaristus.jpg
Papacy began c. 99
Papacy ended c. 107
Predecessor Clement I
Successor Alexander I
Personal details
Birth name Evaristus or Aristus
Born 17 April 44
Bethlehem, Judea
Died c. 107
Rome, Roman Empire
Sainthood
Feast day 26 October

Pope Evaristus (died c. 107 AD) is accounted as the fifth Bishop of Rome, holding office from c. 99 to his death c. 107.[1][2] He was also known as Aristus. He is venerated as a saint in the Eastern Orthodox Church[3] and the Catholic Church.

Biography

Little is known about St. Evaristus. According to the Liber Pontificalis, he came from a family of Greek Jews living in Bethlehem.[4] He was elected during the reign of the Roman emperor Trajan, and succeeded Clement I in the See of Rome.

Eusebius, in his Church History IV, I, stated that Evaristus died in the 12th year of the reign of Emperor Trajan after holding the office of bishop of the Romans for eight years. He is said by the Liber Pontificalis to have divided Rome into several titles, assigning a priest to each, and appointed seven deacons for the city.

He is usually accorded the title of martyr; however, there is no confirmation of this, as Pope Evaristus is listed without that title in the Roman Martyrology, with a feast day on 26 October.[5] It is probable that Evaristus was buried near Saint Peter's tomb in the Vatican.[6] It is also probable that John the Apostle died during the beginning of Evaristus' reign.

See also

References

  1. ^ Wikisource-logo.svg Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Pope St. Evaristus". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 
  2. ^ According to Annuario Pontificio, he died in 108.
  3. ^ Orthodox England - The Holy Orthodox Popes of Rome
  4. ^ Anastasius (bibliothecarius) (1602). Bibliothecarii Historia, de vitis romanorvm pontificvm a b.Petro apostolo vsqve ad Nicolavm I. nunquam hactenus typis excusa. Deinde Vita Hadriani II. et Stephani VI. auctore Gvilielmo Bibliothecario. Ex bibliotheca Marci Velseri ... Accessere variae lectiones, partim ex codie. mss. Biblioth. vaticanae, partim ex conciliorum tomis, Annalibus ecclesiast. Caes. Baronij ... exceptae. in typographeio I. Albini. p. 3. 1 Euaristus, natione Grecus, ex patre Iudaeo nomine Iuda, de ciuitate Bethleem, sedit ann. VIIII m. X d. II. Fuit autem temporibus Domitiani et Neruae Traiani, a consulatu Valentis et Veteris (96) usque ad Gallo et Bradua consulibus (108). Martyrio coronatur. 2 Hic titulos in urbe Roma diuidit presbiteris et VII diaconos ordinauit qui custodirent episcopum praedicantem, propter stilum ueritatis. 3 Hic fecit ordinationes III per mens. Decemb., presbiteros XVII, diaconos II ; episcopos per diuersa loca XV. Qui etiam sepultus est iuxta corpus beati Petri, in Vaticanum, VI kal. Nouemb. Et cessauit episcopatus dies XVIIII. 
  5. ^ "Martyrologium Romanum" (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2001 ISBN 88-209-7210-7)
  6. ^ Catholic Online. "St. Evaristus". 

External links

  • Writings attributed to Pope St Evaristus
  • Patron Saints Index: Pope Saint Evaristus
  • Catholic Online – Saints & Angels: St. Evaristus
  • Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Evaristus". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
Titles of the Great Christian Church
Preceded by
Clement I
Bishop of Rome
Pope

98–105
Succeeded by
Alexander I
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