Pope Benedict IV

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Pope
Benedict IV
Pope Benedict IV Illustration.jpg
Papacy began 1 February 900
Papacy ended July 903
Predecessor John IX
Successor Leo V
Personal details
Born Rome, Papal States
Died summer 903[1]
Rome
Other popes named Benedict

Pope Benedict IV (Latin: Benedictus IV; d. 30 July 903) was Pope from 1 February 900 to his death in 903.[2] The tenth-century historian Flodoard, who nicknamed him "the Great", commended his noble birth and public generosity. He succeeded Pope John IX (898–900) and was followed by Pope Leo V (903).

Benedict was a native of Rome, the son of one Mammalus, and was ordained priest by Pope Formosus. In 900, he excommunicated Baldwin II of Flanders for murdering Fulk, Archbishop of Reims. In 901, Benedict crowned Louis of Provence, grandson of Louis II as Holy Roman Emperor. In 902, Berengar of Friuli defeated Louis III and forced him to leave Italy.[3]

Benedict died in Rome during the summer of 903; it is possible that Berengar had some involvement.[4] Benedict was buried in front of St Peter's Basilica, by the gate of Guido.

References

  1. ^ Mann, Horace. "Pope Benedict IV." The Catholic Encyclopedia Vol. 2. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. 21 September 2017
  2. ^ Platina, Bartolomeo (1479), The Lives of the Popes From The Time Of Our Saviour Jesus Christ to the Accession of Gregory VII, I, London: Griffith Farran & Co., pp. 241–242, retrieved 2013-04-25 
  3. ^ Mann, Horace, K. The Lives of the Popes in the Early Middle Ages, Vol IV: The Popes in the Days of Feudal Anarchy, 891–999. 1925 p. 105
  4. ^ "The 117th Pope", Spirituality.org., Diocese of Bridgeport

Literature

  • Bertolini, Ottorino (1966). "Benedetto IV, papa". In Ghisalberti, Alberto M. Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani (DBI) (in Italian). 8. Rome: Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana. pp. 27–31. 
  • Ottorino Bertolini: Benedetto IV. In: Massimo Bray (ed.): Enciclopedia dei Papi, Istituto della Enciclopedia Italiana, Vol. 2  (Niccolò I, santo, Sisto IV), Rome, 2000, OCLC 313581688, pp. 54–58.
  • Rudolf Schieffer: Benedikt IV in: Lexicon of the Middle Ages (Lexikon des Mittelalters, LexMA). Vol. 1, Artemis & Winkler, Munich/Zurich 1980, ISBN 3-7608-8901-8, Col. 1858.

External links

  • Papa Benedikto IV katika Kamusi Elezo ya Kikatoliki
  • Encyclopædia Britannica
  • Opera Omnia by Migne Patrologia Latina with analytical indexes
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
John IX
Pope
900–903
Succeeded by
Leo V


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