Pope Adeodatus I

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Pope Saint
Adeodatus I
Adeodatus I (Deusdedit I).jpg
Papacy began 19 October 615
Papacy ended 8 November 618
Predecessor Boniface IV
Successor Boniface V
Orders
Created Cardinal 15 October 590
by Gregory I I
Personal details
Birth name Deusdedit, son of Stephen
Born 570
Rome, Byzantine Empire
Died (618-11-08)8 November 618
Rome, Byzantine Empire
Previous post Cardinal-Priest of Santi Giovanni e Paolo (590-615)
Other popes named Adeodatus
Papal styles of
Pope Adeodatus I
Emblem of the Papacy SE.svg
Reference style His Holiness
Spoken style Your Holiness
Religious style Holy Father
Posthumous style Saint

Pope Adeodatus I (570 - 8 November 618), also called Deodatus I or Deusdedit,[1] was Pope from 19 October 615 to his death in 618.[2]

Biography

He was born in Rome, the son of a subdeacon. He served as a priest for 40 years before his election and was the first priest to be elected pope since John II in 533. Adeodatus represents the second wave of anti-Gregorian challenge to the papacy, the first being that of Sabinian. He reversed the practice of his predecessor Boniface IV of filling the papal administrative ranks with monks by recalling the clergy to such positions and by ordaining some 14 priests, the first ordinations in Rome since Pope Gregory.[3]

In August 618, an earthquake struck Rome, followed by an outbreak of a scab disease, during which Adeodatus died. There was a vacancy of one year, one month, and 16 days before his successor was consecrated.[4]

According to tradition, he was the first pope to use lead seals (bullae) on papal documents, which in time came to be called "papal bulls". One bulla dating from his reign is still preserved, the obverse of which represents the Good Shepherd in the midst of His sheep, with the letters Alpha and Omega underneath, while the reverse bears the inscription: Deusdedit Papæ.[5]

His feast occurs 8 November.[2]

See also

References

  1. ^ In Latin, the name "Deodatus" means Given by God, while "Deusdedit" means God Has Given; both are now considered variants of the same name)
  2. ^ a b Wikisource-logo.svg Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Pope St. Deusdedit". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 
  3. ^ Jeffrey Richards, The Popes and the Papacy in the Early Middle Ages (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1979), p. 262
  4. ^ Richards, Popes and the papacy, p. 263
  5. ^ "CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Pope St. Deusdedit". www.newadvent.org. 

External links

  • Wikisource-logo.svg Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Pope St. Deusdedit". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Boniface IV
Pope
615–618
Succeeded by
Boniface V
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