Podili

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Podili
Prudhilapuri
Census Town
Lord Shiva Parvathi Statue at Sivalayam, Podili
Lord Shiva Parvathi Statue at Sivalayam, Podili
Podili is located in Andhra Pradesh
Podili
Podili
Location in Andhra Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 15°36′14″N 79°36′29″E / 15.604°N 79.608°E / 15.604; 79.608Coordinates: 15°36′14″N 79°36′29″E / 15.604°N 79.608°E / 15.604; 79.608
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
District Prakasam
Mandal Podili
Area[1]
 • Total 43.88 km2 (16.94 sq mi)
Elevation 154 m (505 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 31,145
 • Density 710/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Telugu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 523240
Telephone code +91–8499
Vehicle registration AP–27
Sex ratio 1000:986 /
Literacy 64%
Website www.prapodilibp.appr.gov.in

Podili is a census town in Prakasam district of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is the mandal headquarters of Podili mandal in Kandukur revenue division.

Etymology

Before British Rule its name was "Prudhilapuri", meaning "Head Quarters of the Universe", there is Purana reference to this related to Prudhu Chakravarthi.[2][3]

History

The Kakatiyas were yet another dynasty to hold sway over the area comprised in Prakasam district. The first ruler who had anything to do with this district was Rudra (1150-1195 A.D.) The next phase in the conquest of this district appears to be in the time of Ganapathi Deva. He was the son of Mahadeva. So far as this district is concerned, Ganapathi Deva subdued the Velanadu Cholas, Telugu Cholas of Konidena and Chakranarayana princes.

With the first, he acquired mastery over Podili and Darsi and seems to have entrusted it to the Kayastha chief Gangaya Sahini who was ruling from Panugal to Marajawadi. These series of conquests brought Podili, Darsi, Addanki, Markapur and Giddaluru taluks of this district under the sway of the Kakatiyas.[4]

The Saluvas ruled over the Podili area in the 15th century A.D., with their capital at Podili. A few inscriptions and the Kaifiyat of Podili form the sources of their history. The Saluvas were known as Sombuvarayas and are confused with the Saluvas of Guntur, who acquitted and distinguished themselves better than the Saluvas of Podili and became celebrated in Srinatha's works. The rule of the Saluvas of Podili ended with Telugu Rayudu. Afterwards nothing is heard of his successors or sons.[5]

Geography

Podili is located on kurnool-ongole Road.It is 15.604°N 79.608°E in the Prakasam district of Andhra Pradesh. It has an area of 43.88 square kilometres (16.94 sq mi).[6]

Podili-Kanigiri Plain is located in the South central part of the district expanding over complete Podili and parts of Markapur, Tarlupadu, Kanigiri and Pamur areas. It is drained by Musi and Paleru rivers with their tributaries, which are the sources of minor irrigation. The geology shows Archaean and lower Pre-Cambrian rock formations while the soils are Ustalfs-Tropepts.

Demographics

According to Census 2011, Podili's urban population is 31,145. Out of this, 15,681 are males while the females count 15464 here. This town has 3349 kids in the age group of 0–6 years. Among them 1753 are boys and 1596 are girls.[7] According to 2011 census, the total number of households present in Podili Mandal is 16230.[8][9]

Civic Services

Drinking Water

Residents depended on monsoon rains for drinking water. Currently, water from the reservoir Nagarjuna Sagar Dam reaches the town via pumplines through a plant near Doruvu.

The first cases of endemic skeletal fluorosis (and its neurological signs) in the world were recorded in the Podili, Darsi and Kanigiri areas of Andhra Pradesh in 1937.[10]

Education

The primary and secondary school education is imparted by government, aided and private schools, under the School Education Department of the state.[11][12] The medium of instruction followed by different schools are English, Telugu.

Podili came into the limelight when a student from Podili named Pallerla Sai Sandeep Reddy in 2013 bagged the AIR 1 in JEE Advanced, AIR 2 in JEE Mains and topped the Engineering Agricultural and Medical Common Entrance Test conducted by Jawaharlal Nehru Technological University, Hyderabad. [13][14][15][16]

Similar thing happened on April 14th, 2017 when a girl from Podili named Shaik Sharmila topped the Intermediate Board examinations conducted by the Andhra Pradesh Board of Intermediate Education.[17][18]

Assembly constituency

It is a part of Markapuram (Assembly constituency) along with Konakanamitla, Tarlupadu mandals. Janke Venkata Reddy is the present MLA of Markapuram Assembly constituency.[19]

Lok sabha constituency

It is a part of Ongole Parliamentary Constituency. The current MP of Ongole constituency is Y. V. Subba Reddy.[20]

References

  1. ^ a b "District Census Handbook - Prakasam" (PDF). Census of India. p. 16,17,48. Retrieved 18 January 2015. 
  2. ^ "Podili Intermediate Panchayats". 
  3. ^ "Rathotsavam held amid religious fervour". 
  4. ^ "District Census Handbook - Prakasam" (PDF). Census of India. p. 11. Retrieved 18 January 2015. 
  5. ^ "District Census Handbook - Prakasam" (PDF). Census of India. p. 14. Retrieved 18 January 2015. 
  6. ^ "District Census Handbook - Prakasam" (PDF). Census of India. p. 16,17,48. Retrieved 18 January 2015. 
  7. ^ "District Census Handbook - Prakasam" (PDF). Census of India. p. 34,35,,36,37,38. Retrieved 18 January 2015. 
  8. ^ "Census 2011-Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner,India". Retrieved 11 February 2017. 
  9. ^ "District Census Handbook - Prakasam" (PDF). Census of India. p. 36. Retrieved 18 January 2015. 
  10. ^ "While we were Eradicating Polio another deadly disease is Crippling Children" (PDF). Nataus.org. Retrieved 2012-11-17. 
  11. ^ "School Education Department" (PDF). School Education Department, Government of Andhra Pradesh. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  12. ^ "The Department of School Education - Official AP State Government Portal | AP State Portal". www.ap.gov.in. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  13. ^ "JEE Advanced Toppers-Times of India". 
  14. ^ "The Hindhu". 
  15. ^ "JEE3". 
  16. ^ "In a first, girls among IIT entrance test toppers". 
  17. ^ "AP topper Sharmila". 
  18. ^ "A Podili Girl Gets State 1st Rank in AP Intermediate". 
  19. ^ Markapuram (Assembly constituency)
  20. ^ Ongole (Lok Sabha constituency)
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