Podesta emails

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In March 2016, the personal Gmail account of John Podesta, a former White House chief of staff and the chairman of Hillary Clinton's 2016 U.S. presidential campaign, was compromised in a data breach, and a collection of his emails, many of which were work-related, were stolen. Cybersecurity researchers as well as the United States government attributed responsibility for the breach, which was accomplished via a spear-phishing attack, to the hacking group Fancy Bear, allegedly affiliated with Russian intelligence services.[1]

Some or all of the Podesta emails were subsequently obtained by WikiLeaks, which published over 20,000 pages of emails, allegedly from Podesta, in October and November 2016.[2] Podesta and the Clinton campaign have declined to authenticate the emails.[3] Cybersecurity experts interviewed by PolitiFact believe the majority of emails are probably unaltered, while stating it is possible that the hackers inserted at least some doctored or fabricated emails into the collection.[4] An investigation by U.S. intelligence agencies reported that the files obtained by WikiLeaks during the U.S. election contained no "evident forgeries."[5]

Data theft

ODNI declassified assessment of "Russian activities and intentions in recent U.S. elections"

Researchers from the Atlanta-based cybersecurity firm Dell SecureWorks reported that the emails had been obtained through a data theft carried out by the hacker group Fancy Bear, a group of Russian intelligence-linked hackers that were also responsible for cyberattacks that targeted the Democratic National Committee (DNC) and Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee (DCCC), resulting in WikiLeaks publishing emails from those hacks.[6][7]

SecureWorks concluded Fancy Bear had sent Podesta an email on 19 March 2016 that had the appearance of a Google security alert, but actually contained a misleading link—a strategy known as spear-phishing. (This tactic has also been used by hackers to break into the accounts of other notable persons, such as Colin Powell). The link[8]—which used Bitly, a URL shortening service—brought Podesta to a fake log-in page where he entered his Gmail credentials.[1][7][9][10] The email was initially sent to the IT department as it was suspected of being a fake but was described as "legitimate" in an e-mail sent by a department employee, who later said he meant to write "illegitimate." [11][12][13]

SecureWorks had tracked the activities of Fancy Bear for more than a year before the cyberattack, and in June 2016 had reported the group made use of malicious Bitly links and fake Google login pages to trick targets into divulging their passwords.[7] However, the hackers left some of their Bitly accounts public, allowing SecureWorks to trace many of their links to e-mail accounts targeted with spear-phishing attacks.[7] Of this list of targeted accounts, more than one hundred were policy advisors to Clinton, or members of her presidential campaign, and by June, twenty staff members had clicked on the phishing links.[7]

On 9 December 2016, the CIA told U.S. legislators the U.S. Intelligence Community concluded the Russian government was behind the hack and gave WikiLeaks hacked emails from John Podesta.[14][15][16]


A declassified report by the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), and National Security Agency (NSA) noted that, "Moscow most likely chose WikiLeaks because of its self-proclaimed reputation for authenticity. Disclosures through WikiLeaks did not contain any evident forgeries."[17][18][19][20]

Cybersecurity experts interviewed by PolitiFact believe that while most of the emails are probably unaltered, it is possible the hackers inserted some doctored or fabricated material into the collection.[4]

Jeffrey Carr, CEO of the cybersecurity company Taia Global, stated: "I've looked at a lot of document dumps provided by hacker groups over the years, and in almost every case you can find a few altered or entirely falsified documents. But only a few. The vast majority were genuine. I believe that's the case with the Podesta emails, as well."[4] Jamie Winterton of the Arizona State University Global Security Initiative stated, "I would be shocked if the emails weren't altered," noting the longstanding Russian practice of promoting disinformation.[4]

Security bloggers have authenticated the contents of some of the emails by using the DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) contained in these emails' signatures.[21] However, not all of the emails have these keys in their signature, and thus could not be verified with this method.[4]


On 7 October 2016, WikiLeaks began publishing thousands of emails from Podesta's Gmail account.[22] Throughout October, WikiLeaks released installments of these emails on a daily basis.[23] On 18 December 2016, John Podesta stated in Meet the Press that the FBI had contacted him about the leaked emails on 9 October 2016, but had not contacted him since.[24]

On 17 October 2016 the government of Ecuador severed the internet connection of WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange at the Ecuadorian embassy in London.[25] The Ecuadorian government stated that it had temporarily severed Assange's internet connection because of WikiLeaks' release of documents "impacting on the U.S. election campaign," although it also stated this was not meant to prevent WikiLeaks from operating.[26] WikiLeaks continued releasing installments of the Podesta emails during this time.[25]


Some of the emails provide some insight into the inner workings of the Clinton campaign.[27][28] For example, the emails show a discussion among campaign manager Robby Mook and top aides about possible campaign themes and slogans.[3] Other emails revealed insights about the internal conflicts of the Clinton Foundation.[29] The BBC published an article detailing 18 "revelations" revealed from their initial review of the leaked emails, including excerpts from Clinton's speeches and politically-motivated payments to the Clinton Foundation.[30]

One of the emails released on 12 October 2016 included Podesta's iCloud account password. His iCloud account was hacked, and his Twitter account was then briefly compromised.[31][32] Some were emails that Barack Obama and Podesta exchanged in 2008.[33]

Clinton's Wall Street speeches

One of the emails contained 25 excerpts from Clinton's paid Wall Street speeches that a staffer had flagged as politically problematic.[34][35] In the October 2016 presidential debate, Clinton voiced her support for a "no-fly" zone in Syria. In a 2013 speech, Clinton had discussed the difficulties involved. In particular, she noted that in order to establish a no-fly zone, Syria's air defenses would need to be destroyed. Because the Assad government had located these anti-aircraft batteries in populated civilian areas, their destruction would cause many collateral civilian deaths.[36] Another leaked document included eighty pages of Clinton's Wall Street speeches.[37][38]

The excerpts came up in two of the presidential debates between Clinton and Trump. In one of the debates, the moderator Martha Raddatz quoted an excerpt saying that politicians "need both a public and a private position" and asked Clinton if it was okay for politicians to be "two-faced." Clinton replied, "As I recall, that was something I said about Abraham Lincoln after having seen the wonderful Steven Spielberg movie called Lincoln. It was a master class watching president Lincoln get the Congress to approve the 13th amendment, it was principled and strategic. I was making the point that it is hard sometimes to get the Congress to do what you want to do."[39] In the third presidential debate, the moderator Chris Wallace quoted a speech excerpt where Clinton says, "My dream is a hemispheric common market with open trade and open borders," and asked if she was for open borders. Clinton replied, "If you went on to read the rest of the sentence, I was talking about energy. We trade more energy with our neighbors than we trade with the rest of the world combined. And I do want us to have an electric grid, an energy system that crosses borders."[40][41]

Discussions of Catholic religious activities

Sandy Newman wrote to Podesta: "I have not thought at all about how one would 'plant the seeds of the revolution', or who would plant them."[42] Podesta agreed that this was necessary to do as Newman suggested and wrote back to note that they had created groups like Catholics in Alliance for the Common Good and Catholics United to push for a more progressive approach to the faith, change would "have to be bottom up."[42][43][44]

Raymond Arroyo responded: "It makes it seem like you're creating organizations to change the core beliefs of the church," he said.[42] "For someone to come and say, 'I have a political organization to change your church to complete my political agenda or advance my agenda', I don't know how anybody could embrace that."[42] Professor Robert P. George added that "these groups are political operations constructed to masquerade as organizations devoted to the Catholic faith".[45]

The leak revealed an email sent by John Halpin, a senior fellow at the Center for American Progress. The email discussed conservative media mogul Rupert Murdoch's decision to raise his kids in the Catholic Church.[46] He wrote, "Many of the most powerful elements of the conservative movement are all Catholic (many converts) ... It's an amazing bastardization of the faith. They must be attracted to the systematic thought and severely backwards gender relations and must be totally unaware of Christian democracy."[47] Palmieri responded: "I imagine they think it is the most socially acceptable, politically conservative religion — their rich friends wouldn't understand if they became evangelical."[48] Supporters and members of Donald Trump's campaign used the email exchange as evidence of anti-Catholic sentiment in the Democratic Party.[49] John Halpin, from the Center for American Progress, verified that he had written the email; though he contested claims that it was "anti-Catholic" and stated it was taken out of context. He explained that he sent the email to his Catholic colleagues "to make a fleeting point about perceived hypocrisy and the flaunting of one's faith by prominent conservative leaders."[50]

Presidential debate questions shared by Donna Brazile

On 11 October 2016, WikiLeaks released the text of an email sent by Donna Brazile on 12 March 2016 to Clinton communications director Jennifer Palmieri with the subject header "From time to time I get questions in advance." The email included a question about the death penalty.[51] The following day Clinton received a similar question from the Townhall host, Roland Martin.[52] Brazile denied coordinating with the Clinton campaign and a CNN spokesperson said "CNN did not share any questions with Donna Brazile, or anyone else for that matter, prior to the town hall" and that "we have never, ever given a town hall question to anyone beforehand". According to CNNMoney, the debate moderator Roland Martin did not deny that he shared questions with Brazile.[53] In another leaked email, Brazile wrote: "One of the questions directed to HRC tomorrow is from a woman with a rash. Her family has lead poison and she will ask what, if anything, will Hillary do as president to help the ppl of Flint." At a debate in Flint the following day, a woman whose "son had developed a rash from the contaminated water" asked Clinton: "If elected president, what course will you take to regain my trust in government?" In a third email, Brazile added: "I'll send a few more."[54]

CNN severed ties with Brazile on 14 October 2016.[55][56] Brazile later said that CNN did not give her "the ability to defend myself" after the email release and referred to WikiLeaks as "WikiLies".[57] Brazile stated repeatedly that she did not receive the question on death penalty in advance from CNN and has claimed that the documents released by WikiLeaks were "altered".[58] In an essay for Time written on 17 March 2017, Brazile wrote that the emails revealed that "among the many things I did in my role as a Democratic operative and D.N.C. Vice Chair [...] was to share potential town hall topics with the Clinton campaign." She wrote, "My job was to make all our Democratic candidates look good, and I worked closely with both campaigns to make that happen. But sending those emails was a mistake I will forever regret."[59][60]

Saudi Arabia and Qatar

One leaked email from August 2014, addressed to Podesta, identifies Saudi Arabia and Qatar as providing "clandestine," "financial and logistic" aid to ISIS and other "radical Sunni groups." The email outlines a plan of action against ISIS, urges putting pressure on Saudi Arabia and Qatar to end their alleged support for the group.[61][62][63][64] Whether the email was originally written by Hillary Clinton, her advisor Sidney Blumenthal, or another person is unclear.[65][66]

Conspiracy theories

The contents of some of Podesta's emails have been cited by promoters of the debunked Pizzagate conspiracy theory to support claims that Podesta, other members of the Democratic Party, and a number of restaurants in the United States were allegedly involved in a child-sex ring.[67] The theory was extensively discredited by a wide array of organizations, including the District of Columbia Police Department.[68][69][70]


Sociology professor Zeynep Tufekci criticized how WikiLeaks handled the release of these emails, writing, "Taking one campaign manager's email account and releasing it with zero curation in the last month of an election needs to be treated as what it is: political sabotage, not whistle-blowing."[71] Glen Caplin, a spokesman for the Clinton campaign, said, "By dribbling these out every day WikiLeaks is proving they are nothing but a propaganda arm of the Kremlin with a political agenda doing [Vladimir] Putin's dirty work to help elect Donald Trump."[37] When asked to comment on the emails release, president Vladimir Putin replied that Russia was being falsely accused. He said, "The hysteria is merely caused by the fact that somebody needs to divert the attention of the American people from the essence of what was exposed by the hackers."[72][73]

The American public's interest in WikiLeaks in October roughly coincided with a tightening presidential race between Trump and Clinton. According to an analysis of opinion polling by Harry Enten of FiveThirtyEight, the release of the emails roughly matched Clinton's decline in the polls, though it did not seem to have an effect on her trustworthiness. Enten concluded that WikiLeaks' activities were "among the factors that might have contributed to [Clinton's] loss."[74]

See also


  1. ^ a b Franceschi-Bicchierai, Lorenzo (20 October 2016). "How Hackers Broke Into John Podesta and Colin Powell's Gmail Accounts". Motherboard. Retrieved 21 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Stein, Jeff. "What 20,000 pages of hacked WikiLeaks emails teach us about Hillary Clinton". Vox. Retrieved 21 October 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Leaked emails show slogans Clinton campaign considered". CBS News. 19 October 2016. Retrieved 25 October 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Carroll, Lauren (23 October 2016). "Are the Clinton WikiLeaks emails doctored, or are they authentic?". PolitiFact. Retrieved 22 November 2016. 
  5. ^ Miller, Greg; Entous, Adam (6 January 2017). "Declassified report says Putin 'ordered' effort to undermine faith in U.S. election and help Trump". The Washington Post. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  6. ^ Geller, Eric (20 October 2016). "Russian hackers infiltrated Podesta's email, security firm says". Politico. Retrieved 21 October 2016. 
  7. ^ a b c d e Perlroth, Nicole; Shear, Michael D. (20 October 2016). "Private Security Group Says Russia Was Behind John Podesta's Email Hack". New York Times. 
  8. ^ Podesta, John. "Fwd: Sоmeоne has your passwоrd". WikiLeaks. Retrieved 31 December 2016. 
  9. ^ Murnane, Kevin (21 October 2016). "How John Podesta's Emails Were Hacked And How To Prevent It From Happening To You". Fortune. 
  10. ^ Norton, Ben (21 October 2016). "Clinton campaign chair John Podesta gave his email login info to hackers after clicking on phishing link". Salon. 
  11. ^ Krieg, Gregory; Kopan, Tal. "Is this the email that hacked John Podesta's account?". CNN. 
  12. ^ Oremus, Will (14 December 2016). ""Is This Something That's Going to Haunt Me the Rest of My Life?"". Slate. 
  13. ^ Harding, Luke (14 December 2016). "Top Democrat's emails hacked by Russia after aide made typo, investigation finds". The Guardian. 
  14. ^ Adam Entous, Ellen Nakashima and Greg Miller (9 December 2016), "Secret CIA assessment says Russia was trying to help Trump win White House", The Washington Post, retrieved 10 December 2016 
  15. ^ Chris Sanchez and Bryan Logan (9 December 2016), "The CIA says it has evidence that Russia tried to help Trump win the US election", Business Insider, retrieved 10 December 2016 
  16. ^ Sommerfeldt, Chris (9 December 2016), "Russia intervened in the 2016 election to help Donald Trump win the White House: report", New York Daily News, retrieved 10 December 2016 
  17. ^ "Background to "Assessing Russian Activities and Intentions in Recent US Elections": The Analytic Process and Cyber Incident Attribution" (PDF). Office of the Director of National Intelligence. 6 January 2017. p. 3. Retrieved 7 January 2017. 
  18. ^ Miller, Greg; Entous, Adam (6 January 2017). "Declassified report says Putin ‘ordered’ effort to undermine faith in U.S. election and help Trump". The Washington Post. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  19. ^ Dilanian, Ken (6 January 2017). "Report: Putin, Russia Tried to Help Trump By 'Discrediting' Clinton". NBC News. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  20. ^ "Highlights From DNI Report on Russia and Election Hacking". Associated Press via ABC News. 6 January 2017. Retrieved 8 January 2017. 
  21. ^ "Tech blogger finds proof DNC chief's emails weren't 'doctored' despite claims". Fox News. 24 October 2016. Retrieved 23 November 2016. 
  22. ^ Sharockman, Aaron. "It's True: WikiLeaks dumped Podesta emails hour after Trump video surfaced". PolitiFact. Retrieved 6 January 2017. 
  23. ^ Sankin, Aaron (18 October 2016). "Ecuador Says It Cut Julian Assange's Internet Access For Trying to Influence U.S. Election". The Daily Dot. Retrieved 21 October 2016. 
  24. ^ Johnstone, Liz (18 December 2016). "John Podesta: FBI Spoke to Me Only Once About My Hacked Emails". NBC News. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  25. ^ a b Couts, Andrew. "WikiLeaks publishes more Podesta emails after Ecuador cuts Assange's internet". The Daily Dot. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  26. ^ Bennett, Cory. "Ecuador admits restricting internet access for WikiLeaks over election meddling". Politico. Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  27. ^ Cheney, Kyle; Wheaton, Sarah. "The most revealing Clinton campaign emails in WikiLeaks release". Politico. Retrieved 9 October 2016. 
  28. ^ Berman, Dan; Merica, Dan (10 October 2016). "WikiLeaks posts more John Podesta emails". CNN. Retrieved 11 October 2016. 
  29. ^ Vogel, Kenneth P. (11 October 2016). "Chelsea flagged 'serious concerns' about Clinton Foundation conflicts". Politico. Retrieved 7 November 2016. 
  30. ^ "18 revelations from Wikileaks' hacked Clinton emails". BBC. 27 October 2016. Retrieved 19 May 2017. 
  31. ^ Goodin, Dan (13 October 2016). "Clinton campaign chief's iPhone was hacked and wiped, photos suggest". Ars Technica. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  32. ^ Johnson, Tim (13 October 2016). "For Clinton campaign chief, it was literally a day to erase from memory". McClatchyDC.com. The McClatchy Company. Retrieved 13 October 2016. 
  33. ^ Javers, Eamon (20 October 2016). "WikiLeaks reveals Barack Obama's personal email address". CNBC. Retrieved 21 October 2016. 
  34. ^ Goldman, Julianna (7 October 2016). "Podesta emails show excerpts of Clinton speeches to Goldman". CBS News. Retrieved 9 October 2016. 
  35. ^ Gearan, Anne; Wagner, John (8 October 2016). "Clinton's Wall Street remarks are tempered by time, supporters say". Washington Post. Retrieved 9 October 2016. 
  36. ^ In Secret Goldman Sachs Speech, Hillary Clinton Admitted No-Fly Zone Would “Kill a Lot of Syrians". Jiliani, Zaid. The Intercept, 10 October 2016
  37. ^ a b Cheney, Kyle (12 October 2016). "Hacked 80-page roundup of paid speeches shows Clinton 'praising Wall Street'". Politico. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  38. ^ Sanger, David E. (16 October 2016). "Hillary Clinton Liked Covert Action if It Stayed Covert, Transcript Shows". The New York Times. 
  39. ^ Fernholz, Tim (9 October 2016). "The leaked email behind Hillary Clinton's mid-debate reference to Steven Spielberg's Abraham Lincoln biopic". Quartz. Retrieved 22 October 2016. 
  40. ^ Pierce, Charles P. (21 October 2016). "New Friday Rule: Less Election, More Dylan". Esquire. Retrieved 22 October 2016. 
  41. ^ Sherman, Amy (19 October 2016). "Donald Trump says Hillary Clinton wants to have open borders". PolitiFact. Retrieved 22 October 2016. 
  42. ^ a b c d Pulliam Bailey, Sarah. "WikiLeaks emails appear to show Clinton spokeswoman joking about Catholics and evangelicals". Washington Post. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  43. ^ "Clinton campaign chief helped start Catholic organisations to create a 'revolution' in the Church". Catholic Herald. Retrieved 20 October 2016. 
  44. ^ Dias, Elizabeth. "Hillary Clinton Campaign Pushes Back on 'Anti-Catholic' Charge". Time. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  45. ^ George, Robert P. "Non-Catholics for Church 'Reform'". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 20 October 2016. 
  46. ^ Staff, Reporter. "14 revelations from Wikileaks' hacked Clinton emails". BBC. Retrieved 20 October 2016. 
  47. ^ Collins, Eliza. "Four of the juiciest leaked Podesta emails". USA Today. Retrieved 20 October 2016. 
  48. ^ Bash, Dana; Diaz, Daniella. "First on CNN: Religious leaders slam Clinton campaign over emails". CNN. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  49. ^ Dias, Elizabeth (12 October 2016). "Hillary Clinton WikiLeaks: John Podesta Catholic Email". TIME.com. Retrieved 21 October 2016. 
  50. ^ Jenkins, Jack (13 October 2016). "John Halpin speaks on Wikileaks email about Catholicism". ThinkProgress. Retrieved 21 October 2016. 
  51. ^ Wemple, Erik (11 October 2016). "Then-CNN contributor Donna Brazile to Clinton camp: Sometimes 'I get the questions in advance'". The Washington Post. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  52. ^ Stelter, Brian (12 October 2016). "Wikileaks mystery: How did town hall question get to Clinton campaign?". CNN. Retrieved 22 October 2016. 
  53. ^ Stelter, Brian (11 October 2016). "Wikileaks mystery: How did town hall question get to Clinton campaign?". CNNMoney. Retrieved 10 December 2016. 
  54. ^ Darcy, Oliver (31 October 2016). "Hacked email suggests Donna Brazile leaked question to Hillary Clinton campaign ahead of CNN primary debate". Business Insider. Retrieved 19 December 2016. 
  55. ^ "CNN fires commentator for 'giving debate questions to Hillary Clinton in advance'". The Independent. 31 October 2016. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  56. ^ Grynbaum, Michael M. (31 October 2016). "CNN Parts Ways With Donna Brazile, a Hillary Clinton Supporter". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 1 November 2016. 
  57. ^ Sutton, Kelsey. "Donna Brazile says CNN should have let her 'defend myself' following Wikileaks email". Politico. Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  58. ^ Schwartz, Ian (19 October 2016). "Megyn Kelly vs. Donna Brazile: Did You Receive Debate Question Beforehand?; Brazile: I Will Not Be "Persecuted"". RealClearPolitics. Retrieved 16 December 2016. 
  59. ^ Brazile, Donna. "Donna Brazile: Russia DNC Hack Played Out Exactly As Hoped". Time. Retrieved 20 March 2017. 
  60. ^ Shaw, Adam (17 March 2017). "Brazile admits she forwarded town hall questions to Clinton camp". Fox News. Retrieved 19 March 2017. 
  61. ^ "Clinton Foundation donors Saudi Arabia and Qatar give Isis clandestine financial and logistic support, says Hillary Clinton in leaked emails". Belfast Telegraph. 11 October 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  62. ^ McKernan, Bethan (11 October 2016). "Hillary Clinton emails leak: Wikileaks documents claim Democratic nominee 'thinks Saudi Arabia and Qatar fund Isis'". The Independent. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  63. ^ Norton, Ben (11 October 2016). "Leaked Hillary Clinton emails show U.S. allies Saudi Arabia and Qatar supported ISIS". Salon.com. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  64. ^ Schwartz, Mattathias (12 October 2016). "Hillary Clinton Acknowledges Saudi Terror Financing in Hacked Email, Hinting at Tougher Approach". The Intercept. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  65. ^ Goodwin, Liz; Isikoff, Michael (11 October 2016). "In leaked email, Clinton claims Saudi and Qatari governments fund ISIS". Yahoo! News. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  66. ^ "Podesta leaks show Clinton email linking Saudi Arabia, Qatar to ISIS". FoxNews.com. 11 October 2016. Retrieved 23 January 2017. 
  67. ^ Huang, Gregor Aisch, Jon; Kang, Cecilia (December 10, 2016). "Dissecting the #PizzaGate Conspiracy Theories". The New York Times. 
  68. ^ Gillin, Joshua (December 6, 2016). "How Pizzagate went from fake news to a real problem". PolitiFact. 
  69. ^ LaCapria, Kim (December 2, 2016). "A detailed conspiracy theory known as "Pizzagate" holds that a pedophile ring is operating out of a Clinton-linked pizzeria called Comet Ping Pong". Snopes.com. 
  70. ^ Alam, Hannah (December 5, 2016). "Conspiracy peddlers continue pushing debunked 'pizzagate' tale". Miami Herald. 
  71. ^ Tufekci, Zeynep (4 November 2016). "WikiLeaks Isn't Whistleblowing". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 November 2016. 
  72. ^ Healy, Patrick; David E., Sanger; Haberman, Maggie (12 October 2016). "Donald Trump Finds Improbable Ally in WikiLeaks". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  73. ^ "CIA Reportedly Preparing Major Cyber Assault Against Russia In Wake Of Hack Attacks". Fox News. 15 October 2016. Retrieved 19 October 2016. 
  74. ^ Enten, Harry (23 December 2016). "How Much Did Wikileaks Hurt Hillary Clinton?". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved 3 January 2017. 

External links

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Podesta_emails&oldid=805353408"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Podesta_emails
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Podesta emails"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA