Amin ul-Hasanat

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Amin ul-Hasanat (February 01 1922–January 05 1960), better known as the Pir of Manki Sharif, was the son of Pir Abdul Rauf and Islamic religious leader in the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) of Brisith India (modern Pakistan). After joining the Muslim League in 1945, he was noted for his campaign in the referendum that saw the NWFP become part of Pakistan rather than India. He was known as ''Fateh-e-Referendum''.[1]

Muslim League

Soon after joining the All-India Muslim League in 1945, Hasanat toured the NWFP to win support for the Muslim League. He invited the Muslim League leader Mohammad Ali Jinnah to tour the Province. In one of Jinnah’s letters to Hasanat, he promised that sharia law would be applied to the affairs of the Muslim community.[1][2] On October 1, 1945, Hasanat organized a historic meeting of the Ulema and Mashaikh at Peshawar, which passed resolutions expressing full loyalty with the Muslim League and reposing complete confidence in Jinnah's leadership.

Hasanat was active in campaigning for the Muslim League in the referendum held in NWFP in 1947, which decided the accession of the NWFP to Pakistan.


In the post partition period, however, Pir Sahib severed his relations with the Muslim League due to his ideological differences with Khan Abdul Qayum Khan the first league premier in NWFP and launched his own Awami Muslim League that started to play the role of opposition in the Provincial Assembly. He was of the view that Opposition is the spirit of democratic set up and that it was essential to attain the aims and objectives, which were being overlooked by the Muslim League. He is duly considered as the pioneer of the Opposition in Pakistan.


He died on January 28, 1960 shortly after a car accident near Fateh Jang on January 05, 1960. He was buried at Manki Sharif..[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b c K.M.Chaudhary & N.Irshad, The Role of Ulema and Mashaikh in the Pakistan Movement, Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Sciences, 2005
  2. ^ Malik, Anas (2010), Political Survival in Pakistan: Beyond Ideology, Routledge, p. 140, ISBN 978-1-136-90419-6

Further reading

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