Pieter Rijke

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Pieter Rijke
P.L. Rijke (Coll. Leiden University)
Born (1812-07-11)July 11, 1812
Hemmen, Gelderland
Died April 7, 1899(1899-04-07) (aged 86)
Nationality Dutch
Alma mater University of Leiden
Scientific career
Fields Physics
Institutions University of Leiden
Doctoral advisor Pieter Johannes Uijlenbroek[de]
Doctoral students Johannes Bosscha
Hermanus Haga
Hendrik Lorentz
Johannes van der Waals

Petrus Leonardus Rijke (July 11, 1812 – April 7, 1899) was a Dutch physicist, and a professor in experimental physics at the University of Leiden. Rijke spent his scientific career exploring the physics of electricity, and is known for the Rijke tube. On July 1, 1852 he was married to Johanna Hamaker. They had 6 sons and 6 daughters.

Early years and education

Rijke was born in Hemmen, (now Overbetuwe municipality), Gelderland. His father, Dirk Rijke, was a pastor. His mother was Elisabeth Pieternella Beausar.

From 1830 Rijke studied physics under Pieter Johannes Uijlenbroek[de] at the University of Leiden, where he obtained his Ph.D. in 1836. The title of his Ph.D. thesis was "De origine electricitatis voltaicae".[1]

Academic career

In 1835 he was appointed professor of physics at the Royal Athenaeum in Maastricht. In 1845 he became extraordinary professor and in 1854 he was promoted to full professor of physics at the University of Leiden.

There he started a physics laboratory with a large collection of scientific instruments. His most important students were H.A. Lorentz and J.D. van der Waals. He retired in 1882, and was succeeded by Heike Kamerlingh Onnes as professor of experimental physics at the University of Leiden.

Rijke became a member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1863.[2]



See also


  1. ^ Pieter Rijke (1836). "De origine electricitatis voltaicae" (PDF). 
  2. ^ "Petrus Leonardus Rijke (1812 - 1899)". Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 

External links

  • H.A.M. Snelders, Rijke, Petrus Leonardus (1812-1899), in Biografisch Woordenboek van Nederland. (In Dutch).
  • List of Ph.D. students of Pieter Rijke
  • Vasco Verlaan, P.L. Rijke: Een Bron van degelijkheid., master's thesis, University of Utrecht, 2003 (In Dutch).
  • Ph.D. family tree of Pieter Rijke
  • Pieter Rijke at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
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