Piako (New Zealand electorate)

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Piako was a New Zealand parliamentary electorate established in 1946. It was last held by Lindsay Tisch MP[1] from 2002 to 2008.

Population centres

The 1941 New Zealand census had been postponed due to World War II, so the 1946 electoral redistribution had to take ten years of population growth and movements into account. The North Island gained a further two electorates from the South Island due to faster population growth. The abolition of the country quota through the Electoral Amendment Act, 1945 reduced the number and increased the size of rural electorates. None of the existing electorates remained unchanged, 27 electorates were abolished, eight former electorates were re-established, and 19 electorates were created for the first time, including Piako.[2]

The First Labour Government was defeated in the 1949 election and the incoming National Government changed the Electoral Act, with the electoral quota once again based on total population as opposed to qualified electors, and the tolerance was increased to 7.5% of the electoral quota. There was no adjustments in the number of electorates between the South and North Islands, but the law changes resulted in boundary adjustments to almost every electorate through the 1952 electoral redistribution; only five electorates were unaltered.[3] Five electorates were reconstituted and one was newly created, and a corresponding six electorates were abolished (including Piako); all of these in the North Island.[4] These changes took effect with the 1954 election.[5]

After years of political tension, the National Government came to an agreement with the Labour Party on the redistribution provisions of the electoral law. This resulted in the 1956 Electoral Act, which significantly changed the composition of the Representation Commission; since then, there has been one member representing the government, and one the opposition, apart from all the official members. Tolerance to the electoral quota was reduced again to 5%. The 1957 electoral redistribution made an adjustments in the number of electorates between the South and North Islands, with Waimate in the South Island abolished and Piako in the North Island reconstituted. Combined with significant population redistributions within the islands, the boundaries of all but two electorates were altered.[6] These changes took effect with the 1957 election.[7]

The electorate included the population centres of Matamata, Cambridge, Morrinsville, Te Aroha, Waharoa, Waitoa, Waharoa, Huntly, Ngaruawahia, and Ohaupo.[8]

History

Piako was a rural Waikato electorate from 1946 to 1954, then from 1957 to 1978, when it was renamed Matamata.[9] Piako was resurrected for the 2002 election, replacing Karapiro.

Under boundary changes for the 2008 election, Piako ceased to exist as an electorate. Its population centres were distributed between the neighbouring seats of Hunua and Papakura. Officially, Piako was replaced on paper by the seat of Waikato.

Piako and its predecessors have always been considered safe National electorates. The Piako electorate was held by Jack Luxton from 1966 to 1978, when he transferred to the Matamata electorate.[10]

When the Piako electorate was re-created for the 2002 election, it was won by Lindsay Tisch, who had previously held the Karapiro electorate. Tisch served until the electorate was abolished in 2008, and transferred to the Waikato electorate.[11]

Members of Parliament

Key

 National  

Election Winner
1946 election William Goosman
1949 election
1951 election
(Electorate abolished 1954–1957, see Waipa)
1957 election William Goosman
1960 election
1963 election Geoffrey Sim
1966 election Jack Luxton
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election
(Electorate abolished 1978–2002, see Matamata)
2002 election Lindsay Tisch
2005 election
(Electorate abolished in 2008; see Waikato)

Election results

1975 election

1975 general election: Piako[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
National Jack Luxton 10,248 59.9 +4.5
Labour Helen Clark 4,074 23.8
Social Credit A R Mikkelson 2,322 13.6 -1.8
Values S R Child 460 2.7
Majority 6,174 36.1 +6.7
Turnout 20,538 83.5

Notes

  1. ^ New Zealand Parliament - Lindsay Tisch MP
  2. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 91–96.
  3. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 99f.
  4. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 95–100.
  5. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 99.
  6. ^ McRobie 1989, pp. 103f.
  7. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 103.
  8. ^ Electorate Profile: Piako
  9. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 270.
  10. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 213.
  11. ^ Akuhata, Karla (14 August 2010). "The boundaries of Lindsay Tisch". Waikato Times. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  12. ^ Norton 1988, p. 319.

References

  • McRobie, Alan (1989). Electoral Atlas of New Zealand. Wellington: GP Books. ISBN 0-477-01384-8. 
  • Wilson, James Oakley (1985) [First published in 1913]. New Zealand Parliamentary Record, 1840–1984 (4th ed.). Wellington: V.R. Ward, Govt. Printer. OCLC 154283103. 

External links

  • Electorate Profile Parliamentary Library
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