Phom language

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Native to Nagaland, India
Native speakers
120,000 (2001 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 nph
Glottolog phom1236[2]

Phom is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken by the Phom people of Nagaland, northeastern India. Phom is spoken in 36 villages of Longleng subdivision, Tuensang District, northeastern Nagaland (Ethnologue).

Ethnologue lists Yongyasha as a dialect that is similar to Konyak.


Alternate names for Phom include Assiringia, Chingmengu, Phom, Phon, Tamlu, and Tamlu Naga (Ethnologue).


A large part of the vocabulary of Phom is inherited from proto-Sino-Tibetan.

Meaning Old Chinese Written Tibetan Written Burmese Phom
"I" *ŋa nga ŋa ngei
"you" *njaʔ naŋ nüng
"not" *mja ma ma'
"two" *njijs gnyis hnac < *hnit nyi
"three" *sum gsum sûm jem
"five" *ŋaʔ lnga ŋâ nga
"six" *C-rjuk drug khrok < *khruk vok
"sun", "day" *njit nyi-ma ne < *niy nyih
"name" *mjeŋ ming ə-mañ < *ə-miŋ men
"eye" *mjuk mig myak mük
"fish" *ŋja nya ŋâ nyah
"dog" *kʷʰenʔ khyi khwe < *khuy shi


  1. ^ Phom at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Phom Naga". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 

External links

  • Phom Phonology
  • Linguistic Ecology of Phom Language
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