Phom language

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Native to Nagaland, India
Native speakers
54,416 (2011 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 nph
Glottolog phom1236[2]

Phom is a Sino-Tibetan language spoken by the Phom people of Nagaland, northeastern India. Phom is spoken in 36 villages of Longleng District, northeastern Nagaland (Ethnologue).

Ethnologue lists Yongnyah Village as the largest Village in Longleng district of Nagaland.


Alternate names for Phom include Assiringia, Chingmengu, Phom, Phon, Tamlu, and Tamlu Naga (Ethnologue).


All phonological charts are from Burling (1998).

Bilabial Alveolar Postalveolar Palatal Velar Glottal
Stop aspirated
voiced b d
Affricate t͡ʃ
Fricative voiceless ʃ h
voiced ʒ
Nasal m n ɲ ŋ
Approximant j


A large part of the vocabulary of Phom is inherited from proto-Sino-Tibetan.

Meaning Old Chinese Written Tibetan Written Burmese Phom
"I" *ŋa nga ŋa ngei
"you" *njaʔ naŋ nüng
"not" *mja ma ma'
"two" *njijs gnyis hnac < *hnit nyi
"three" *sum gsum sûm jem
"five" *ŋaʔ lnga ŋâ nga
"six" *C-rjuk drug khrok < *khruk vok
"sun", "day" *njit nyi-ma ne < *niy nyih
"name" *mjeŋ ming ə-mañ < *ə-miŋ men
"eye" *mjuk mig myak mük
"fish" *ŋja nya ŋâ nyah
"dog" *kʷʰenʔ khyi khwe < *khuy shi


  1. ^ "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011". Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Phom Naga". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

External links

  • Phom Phonology
  • Linguistic Ecology of Phom Language
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