Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature
MirrorOfNature.gif
Author Richard Rorty
Country United States
Language English
Subject Philosophy of mind
Published 1979 (Princeton University Press)
Media type Print (Hardback & Paperback)
Pages 401
ISBN 0-691-02016-7
OCLC 7040341

Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature is a 1979 book by American philosopher Richard Rorty, in which Rorty attempts to dissolve modern philosophical problems instead of solving them by presenting them as pseudo-problems that only exist in the language-game of epistemological projects culminating in analytic philosophy. In a pragmatist gesture, Rorty suggests that philosophy must get past these pseudo-problems if it is to be productive. The work was considered controversial upon publication, and had its greatest success outside analytic philosophy.

Background

The main influences on Rorty's work were John Dewey, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Willard Van Orman Quine, and Wilfrid Sellars.[1]

Summary

Rorty argues that philosophy has unduly relied on a representational theory of perception and a correspondence theory of truth, hoping our experience or language might mirror the way reality actually is. In this he continues a certain controversial Anglophone tradition, which builds upon the work of philosophers such as Quine, Sellars, and Donald Davidson. Rorty opts out of the traditional objective/subjective dialogue in favor of a communal version of truth. For him, "true" is simply an honorific knowers bestow on claims, asserting them as what "we" want to say about a particular matter.

Rorty explains how philosophical paradigm shifts and their associated philosophical "problems" can be considered the result of the new metaphors, vocabularies, and mistaken linguistic associations which are necessarily a part of those new paradigms.

Reception

Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature was seen to be somewhat controversial upon its publication. It had its greatest success outside analytic philosophy, despite its reliance on arguments by Quine and Sellars, and was widely influential in the humanities.[2] It was criticized extensively by analytic philosophers.[3]

Notes and references

  1. ^ Kögler, Hans-Herbert (2005). Honderich, Ted, ed. The Oxford Companion to Philosophy. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 650. ISBN 0-19-926479-1. 
  2. ^ Jacques Derrida (1994), Of the Humanities and Philosophical Disciplines, Surfaces Vol. VI.108 (v.1.0A - 16/08/1996), ISSN 1188-2492. Later republished in Ethics, Institutions, and the Right to Philosophy (2002).
  3. ^ http://philpapers.org/rec/KIMROT

External links

Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Philosophy_and_the_Mirror_of_Nature&oldid=786651385"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philosophy_and_the_Mirror_of_Nature
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA