Philip I Philadelphus

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Philip I Philadelphus
Philippus Philadelphus.jpg
King of the Seleucid Empire (King of Syria)
Reign 95–83 BC (with Antiochus X Eusebes, Demetrius III Eucaerus, Antiochus XI Epiphanes)
Coronation 95 BC (along with his brother (probably twin) Antiochus XI Ephiphanes)
Predecessor Seleucus VI Epiphanes
Successor Antiochus XII Dionysus or Tigranes II of Armenia
Born Unknown
Died Possibly after 83 BC
Issue Philip II Philoromaeus
Dynasty Seleucid
Father Antiochus VIII Grypus
Mother Tryphaena

Philip I Philadelphus (Greek: Φίλιππος Α' ὁ Φιλάδελφος, "Philip the brother-loving"), a ruler of the Hellenistic Seleucid kingdom, was the fourth son of Antiochus VIII Grypus and his wife Tryphaena. Philip I took the diadem in 95 BC together with his brother (probably twin) Antiochus XI Ephiphanes, after the eldest son Seleucus VI Epiphanes was killed by their cousin Antiochus X Eusebes. He established himself in Antiochia after 92 BC and survived attacks from younger brother Demetrius III Eucaerus. His rule was ended in 83 BC when Tigranes conquered Syria, or earlier. He disappears from history at that point, but coins bearing his portrait were issued by later Roman authorities.

Gallery

O: Diademed head of Philip I Philadelphus R: Zeus holding scepter and Nike with wreath; monograms in field

ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ / ΦΙΛΙΠΠΟΥ // ΕΠΙΦΑΝΟΥΣ / ΦΙΛΑ∆ΕΛΦΟΥ

Silver tetradrachm struck in Antioch 88/87-76/75 BC

See also

External links

  • Philip I Philadelphus entry in historical sourcebook by Mahlon H. Smith
Philip I Philadelphus
Born: Unknown Died: 83 BC
Preceded by
Seleucus VI Epiphanes
Seleucid King (King of Syria)
95–83 BC
with Antiochus X Eusebes (95–92 BC)
Demetrius III Eucaerus (95 BC)
Antiochus XI Epiphanes (95–92 BC)
Succeeded by
Antiochus XII Dionysus or Tigranes II of Armenia, Cleopatra Selene I, or Seleucus VII Philometer
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