Phil Scott (politician)

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Phil Scott
Phil Scott 2017.jpg
82nd Governor of Vermont
Assumed office
January 5, 2017
Lieutenant David Zuckerman
Preceded by Peter Shumlin
80th Lieutenant Governor of Vermont
In office
January 6, 2011 – January 5, 2017
Governor Peter Shumlin
Preceded by Brian Dubie
Succeeded by David Zuckerman
Member of the Vermont Senate
from the Washington district
In office
January 5, 2001 – January 5, 2011
Serving with Bill Doyle, Ann Cummings
Preceded by Jeb Spaulding
Succeeded by Anthony Pollina
Personal details
Born
Philip Brian Scott

(1958-08-04) August 4, 1958 (age 60)
Barre City, Vermont, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Diana McTeague
Children 2
Education University of Vermont (BS)
Website Government website

Philip Brian Scott (born August 4, 1958) is an American entrepreneur and politician serving as the 82nd and current Governor of Vermont since 2017. A member of the Republican Party, he won the 2016 general election with 52 percent of the vote.[1] In 2018, he won re-election to a second term by a wider margin.[2] He was previously the 80th Lieutenant Governor of Vermont, an office he held from 2011 to 2017. Before serving as Lieutenant Governor, he was a State Senator representing the Washington County District from 2001 to 2011.

Early life

Scott was born on August 4, 1958 in Barre City, Vermont.[3] He graduated from Barre's Spaulding High School in 1976,[4] and is also a 1980 graduate of the University of Vermont, where he received a Bachelor of Science degree in Industrial Education.[5]

Business career

With his cousin, he was a co-owner of DuBois Construction, a Middlesex business which was founded by his uncle;[6] Scott began working there after his high school graduation, and became a co-owner in 1986.[7][8] Scott is a past President of the Associated General Contractors of Vermont.[8] On January 6, 2012, a fire at Dubois Construction caused substantial damage,[9][10] but he owners were able to rebuild and continue operations.[11]

After being elected as governor, Scott sold his share of the company to avoid possible conflicts of interest, since DuBois Construction does business with the State of Vermont. He sold his 50% share for $2.5 million plus 3 percent interest, paid over the next 15 years.[12] Scott indicated that he opted to finance the sale himself rather than having the company borrow the money to pay him in full in order to preserve the company's bonding capacity.[13] Critics suggested that Scott's sale of his share in the company doesn't completely eliminate possible conflicts of interest, but Scott and the attorney who negotiated the sale on his behalf disagreed.[13]

Political career

Vermont Senate

A Republican, Scott was elected to the Vermont Senate in 2000, one of three at-large senators representing the Washington County Senate District. He was reelected four times, and served from 2001 to 2011. During his Senate career, he was the Vice-Chair of the Senate Transportation Committee and Chair of the Senate Institutions Committee. He also served as a member of the Senate Natural Resources and Energy Committee.[14] As Chair of the Senate Institutions Committee, Scott redesigned the Statehouse cafeteria to increase efficiency.[15]

During his time in the Senate, Scott served on several special committees, including the Judicial Nominating Board, the Legislative Advisory Committee on the State House, the Joint Oversight Corrections Committee, and the Legislative Council Committee.[16]

Lieutenant Governor

Scott in 2016

On November 2, 2010, Scott was elected the 79th Lieutenant Governor of Vermont;[17] he defeated Steve Howard and assumed office on January 6, 2011. He was reelected in 2012, defeating Cassandra Gekas, and elected for a third term in 2014, defeating Dean Corren.

As lieutenant governor, Scott presided over the Vermont Senate when it was in session. In addition, he served as a member of the committee on committees, the three-member panel which determines Senate committee assignments and appoints committee chairpersons and vice chairpersons. In the event of a tie vote in the Vermont Senate, Scott was tasked with casting a tie-breaking vote. Scott also served as acting governor when the governor was out of state.[18]

As a state senator and as lieutenant governor, Scott was active with a number of community service projects. In 2005, he founded the Wheels for Warmth program, which buys used car tires and resells safe ones, with the profits going to heating fuel assistance programs in Vermont.[19]

Job approval

In September 2015, Scott maintained high name recognition and favorability among Vermont residents. A poll conducted by the Castleton University Polling Institute found that more than three-quarters of Vermonters knew who Scott was, and that among those who were able to identify him, 70% viewed him favorably.[20] Despite being a Republican himself, the same poll found that 59% of self-identified Democrats held a favorable view of Scott, while only 15% held an unfavorable view of him.[20]

National Lieutenant Governors Association

Scott was an active member of the National Lieutenant Governors Association (NLGA), and served on the NLGA Executive Committee and the NLGA Finance Committee.[21][22] As a member of the NLGA, Scott joined fellow Lieutenant Governors across the country in two bi-partisan letters opposing proposed cuts to the Army National Guard in both 2014 and 2015.[23][24] Scott was a lead sponsor on a NLGA resolution to develop a long-term vision for surface transportation in the United States.[25] Scott was also a co-sponsor on resolutions to recognize the importance of arts and culture in tourism to the U.S. economy, to support Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education, to support designating a National Arts in Education Week, and to support a comprehensive system to end homelessness among U.S. veterans.[26][27][28][29]

Governor of Vermont

2016 campaign for Governor

In September 2015, Scott announced his candidacy for Vermont Governor.[30]

An early 2016 poll commissioned by Vermont Public Radio and conducted by the Castleton University Polling Institute indicated that among the two candidates for the Republican nomination for governor, Scott was preferred by 42% of respondents compared to 4% for candidate Bruce Lisman.[31] A poll commissioned by Energy Independent Vermont in late June 2016 indicated that Scott had the support of 68% of Republicans, while Lisman had the support of 23% of Republicans.[32]

On May 8, 2016, Scott received the endorsements of nearly all of the Vermont Republican legislators.[33] Scott did not support President Donald Trump in his 2016 presidential campaign.[34]

On August 9, Scott defeated Lisman in the primary election by a margin of 21 percentage points.[35] He defeated Sue Minter, the Democratic Party nominee, in the November general election by a margin of 8.7 percentage points.[36][37]

Governorship

Priorities

In 2017, Governor Scott gave his priorities as growing the economy, making Vermont more affordable, and protecting the most vulnerable.[38][39]

On April 13, 2017, Governor Scott announced a $150 million settlement in the ongoing case of alleged fraud relating to the Jay Peak and Burke Mountain EB-5 developments.[40]

Job approval

According to a Morning Consult poll released in October 2017, Governor Scott's approval rating stood at 60%, making him the 7th most popular governor in the United States. The poll was conducted between July 1, 2017 and September 30, 2017 and has a margin of error of 4%. In April 2018, another Morning Consult poll indicated that Governor Scott's approval rating had risen to 65%, making him the 4th most popular Governor in the country.[41] However, his favorability ratings had fallen to 52% by May 2018,[42] and to 47% by July.[43]

Political positions

Scott is a liberal or moderate Republican.[44] As a candidate and Governor, he is known to "embrace moderate and sometimes even liberal policies;"[45] his views can be described as "fiscally conservative but socially liberal".[46] Describing his views, Governor Scott explained: “I am very much a fiscal conservative. But not unlike most Republicans in the Northeast, I’m probably more on the left of center from a social standpoint,” Scott explained. “I am a pro–choice Republican".[47]

Fiscal and budgetary issues

Scott pledged to veto any budget that grows faster than the growth rate of the underlying economy or wages in the previous year, or one that increases statewide property taxes. This led to a breakdown in the relationship between Scott and the largely Democratic state legislature in 2018, despite high revenues overall.[48]

Taxes and Fees

The FY18 budget signed into law by Scott did not include any new or increased taxes or fees. He has said that he opposes any new taxes being passed by the state legislature.[49] He also refused to sign a bill that would have raised property taxes.[50] Scott vetoed the FY19 budget twice before allowing it to go into law without his signature, as the threat of a government shutdown approached.[48][51]

In early 2018, Scott called for eliminating the tax on Social Security benefits. House legislators incorporated a modified form of this proposal into the final FY19 budget, eliminating the tax for low- and middle-income retirees.[52]

Economic development

Scott has set a goal to boost the state's economy by increasing the state's population to 700,000 in 10 years, by encouraging young people who come to study in the state to remain after graduation.[53] University of Vermont economics professor Arthur Woolf Scott suggested that retention of older Vermonters, with larger incomes and tax revenues, would be a better focus, but Scott pointed to the lower average healthcare costs associated with a younger population.[54]

Health care

Scott signed a bill requiring Vermonters to have health insurance, making Vermont among a few states to implement such a policy after the federal repeal of the individual mandate provision of the Affordable Care Act.[55]

Scott had disagreements with members of the advisory health group he appointed over budgetary issues, leading two members—including co-chair Mary Val Palumbo—to resign, saying their feedback was being ignored.[56]

Education

Scott has called for modifying Act 46 to improve cost containment measures, incorporate property tax reduction, preserve local control and school choice, and allow communities to keep the funds that they save through school district mergers.[57] Scott has expressed support for flexible learning plans and the utilization of new technologies in the classroom in order to improve educational outcomes.[57]

Scott's FY18 budget made investments in education, including $3 million to the Vermont State Colleges to stabilize tuition and a new position in the Agency of Education to focus on career and technical education.[38] The budget also expanded child care financial assistance by $2.5 million.[58] The following year, Scott worked with the Legislature to eliminate tuition for members of the Vermont National Guard.[58]

As a state senator, Scott voted for legislation to reduce education property tax rates.[59][60] Scott's FY18 budget froze property tax rates.[38]

Gun rights

Scott passed legislation that banned bump stock devices, expanded background checks for gun purchases, raised the age to purchase firearms to 21 (with certain exemptions), limited the purchase of certain high-capacity magazines, strengthened laws to keep guns out of the hands of alleged domestic abusers, and created risk protection orders.[61] Scott created a Violence Prevention Task Force, ordered a security assessment of all Vermont schools, and signed legislation appropriating $5 million for school security grants.[62]

Government reform and modernization

Scott supports limiting the length of the annual Vermont legislative session to 90 days. According to Scott, the unpredictable and long length of the legislative session discourages everyday Vermonters from running for office.[63] A 90-day session, according to Scott, would encourage more individuals to run for elected office by setting clear parameters.[63] Furthermore, Scott states that a 90-day session would force the legislature to focus on key fiscal and operational issues.[63]

As Governor, Scott created a Government Modernization & Efficiency Team to implement efficiency audits, strengthen IT planning, implement a digital government strategy, and identify opportunities to eliminate inefficiencies, establish clear metrics and streamline services.[64] Scott also created the Program to Improve Vermont Outcomes Together (PIVOT) initiative, which asks frontline state employees for ways to make systems in state government more efficient and easier to use.[38] Scott consolidated IT functions in state government with the creation of the Agency of Digital Services, saving taxpayers $2.19 million.[38][65] Scott also merged the Department of Liquor Control and the Lottery Department into the Department of Liquor and Lottery in order to achieve cost savings.[65] Scott's Administration has worked to achieve internal improvements through lean training and permit process improvements.[65] Scott also successfully sought to eliminate and merge redundant boards, commissions, studies and reports.[65]

Transportation

In July 2016, Scott outlined his transportation priorities that he would implement as Vermont Governor.[66] Scott indicated that he would strengthen the link between economic growth and Vermont's infrastructure; oppose additional transportation taxes, including a carbon tax; oppose accumulating additional state debt for transportation; encourage innovation in transportation through implementing a Research and Development (R&D) Tax Credit and an Angel Investor Tax Credit (a 60% credit toward cash equity investments in Vermont businesses, specifically targeted toward transportation, energy and manufacturing firms); protect the state's transportation fund to ensure it is used for transportation purposes only; advocate for federal reforms and flexibility in transportation policy; and update the Agency of Transportation's long-range plan for transportation.

Drug addiction policy

As Governor, Scott created an Opioid Coordination Council, appointed a director of drug policy and prevention, and convened a statewide summit focused on growing the workforce to support opioid and substance abuse treatment.[38] To further treatment options, Scott worked with the Secretary of State's Office of Professional Regulation to streamline the licensing process for treatment professionals.[67] Scott boosted efforts to reduce the drug supply through the Vermont Drug Task Force, Drug Take Back days, and expanding prescription drug disposal sites.[67]

Social issues

Scott is pro-choice and supports same-sex marriage.[68] He signed into a law a gender-neutral bathroom bill intended to recognize the rights of transgender people.[69] Speaking about the new law, he said "Vermont has a well-earned reputation for embracing equality and being inclusive".[70] Scott also signed gun control legislation that "limits some aspects of gun possession and empowers authorities to remove guns from people who may be dangerous".[71]

On May 24, 2017, Scott vetoed a bill that would have legalized marijuana recreationally in Vermont.[72] He has, however, signalled that he will sign an amended version of the bill that passed the Vermont House of Representatives on January 4, 2018.[73] He has also opposed the Trump administration's immigration policies. In 2017, he signed a bill to limit the involvement of Vermont police with the federal government in regards to immigration,[74] and the Department of Justice notified Vermont that has been preliminarily been found to be a sanctuary jurisdiction on November 15, 2017.[75] He opposed the Trump administration's 'zero tolerance' policy and the separation of families at the border.[76]

Environmental issues

Scott approved $48 million for clean water funding in 2017.[77] Scott signed an Executive Order creating the Vermont Climate Action Commission.[78] Scott announced a settlement with Saint-Gobain to address water quality issues and PFOA contamination in Bennington County.[79] Scott's FY18 budget proposal called for a tax holiday on energy efficient products and vehicles.[80] On June 2, 2017, Phil Scott led Vermont to join the United States Climate Alliance, following President Trump's decision to withdraw the United States from the Paris Agreement.[81] Scott committed to achieving 90% renewable energy by 2050.[82]

Racing career

Scott is a champion stock car racer.[8] He won the 1996 and 1998 Thunder Road Late Model Series (LMS) championships and the 1997 and 1999 Thunder Road Milk Bowls.[8] (The Milk Bowl is Thunder Road's annual season finale.)[8]

In 2002, he became a three-time champion, winning both the Thunder Road and Airborne Late Model Series track championships and the American Canadian Tour championship.[8] (Airborne Park Speedway is a stock car track in the town of Plattsburgh, New York).[83] He also competed in the 2005 British Stock Car Association (BriSCA) Formula One Championship of the World, but did not finish.[84]

On July 6, 2017, Scott won the Thunder Road Late Model Series feature race; he started from the pole, and the victory was his first since 2013.[85] As of July 2017, Scott has 30 career wins, which places him third all time in Thunder Road's LMS division.[86]

Personal life

Scott lives in Berlin, Vermont. He has two adult daughters, Erica and Rachael, with his first wife, Angie Wright.[6][87] They later divorced, and in 2011 Scott married his longtime partner Diana McTeague.[88][89]

Electoral history

Results

Phill Scott won the November 2018 re-election as the governor of Vermont against Christine Hallquist.


2016 Vermont Gubernatorial Race general election[90]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Phil Scott 166,249 52.9%
Democratic Sue Minter 138,935 44.2%
Liberty Union Bill Lee 8,808 2.8%
Total votes 313,992 100%
2016 Vermont Republican Party gubernatorial primary[91]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Phil Scott 27,669 60.50%
Republican Bruce Lisman 18,055 39.50%
Republican Write-ins 48 0.22%
Total votes 45,772 100.00%

2014 Vermont Lieutenant Governor general election[92]

Party Candidate Votes % Winner
Republican Phil Scott 118,949 62.2
Progressive/Democratic Dean Corren 69,005 36.1
Liberty Union Marina Brown 3,347 1.7

2012 Vermont Lieutenant Governor general election[93]

Party Candidate Votes % Winner
Republican Phil Scott 162,608 57.2
Democratic Cassandra Gekas 114,885 40.4
Liberty Union Ben Mitchell 6,964 2.4

2010 Vermont Lieutenant Governor general election[94]

Party Candidate Votes % Winner
Republican Phil Scott 116,198 49.4
Democratic Steve Howard 99,843 42.5
Independent Peter Garritano 8,627 3.7
Progressive Marjorie Power 8,287 3.5
Liberty Union Boots Wardinski 2,228 0.9

2010 Vermont Lieutenant Governor Republican Party primary election[95]

Party Candidate Votes % Winner
Republican Phil Scott 15,981 56.1
Republican Mark Snelling 12,389 43.5

2008 Washington County Senate District general election[96]

Party Candidate Votes Winners
Republican Phil Scott 15,763
Democratic Ann Cummings 15,291
Republican Bill Doyle 15,089
Democratic Kimberly B. Cheney 11,673
Democratic Laura Day Moore 10,847
Republican John R. Gilligan 5,660

2006 Washington County Senate District general election[97]

Party Candidate Votes Winners
Democratic Ann Cummings 14,416
Republican William "Bill" Doyle 12,994
Republican Phil Scott 12,595
Democratic Kimberly B. Cheney 11,685
Democratic Donny Osman 11,154
Republican Jim Parker 7,573

2004 Washington County Senate District general election[98]

Party Candidate Votes Winners
Republican William "Bill" Doyle 16,274
Democratic Ann Cummings 16,134
Republican Phil Scott 13,294
Democratic Kimberly B. Cheney 13,064
Democratic Michael Roche 9,242
Republican J. Paul Giuliani 9,194

2002 Washington County Senate District general election[99]

Party Candidate Votes Winners
Republican William "Bill" Doyle 13,017
Democratic Ann Cummings 11,213
Republican Phil Scott 10,849
Republican J. Paul Giuliani 8,982
Democratic Kimberly B. Cheney 8,450
Democratic Charles Phillips 6,822

2002 Washington County Senate District Republican Party primary election

Party Candidate Votes Winners
Republican William "Bill" Doyle 1,725
Republican J. Paul Giuliani 1,556
Republican Phil Scott 1,547
Republican George Corey 587

2000 Washington County Senate District general election[100]

Party Candidate Votes Winners
Republican William "Bill" Doyle 15,298
Republican Phil Scott 13,412
Democratic Ann Cummings 12,220
Republican J. Paul Giuliani 11,997
Democratic Warren F. Kitzmiller 11,378
Democratic Paul N. Poirier 10,276

References

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  93. ^ "VT Elections Database » 2012 Lieutenant Governor General Election". VT Elections Database. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
  94. ^ "VT Elections Database » 2010 Lieutenant Governor General Election". VT Elections Database. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
  95. ^ "VT Elections Database » 2010 Lieutenant Governor Republican Primary". VT Elections Database. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
  96. ^ "VT Elections Database » 2008 State Senator General Election Washington District". VT Elections Database. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
  97. ^ "VT Elections Database » 2006 State Senator General Election Washington District". VT Elections Database. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
  98. ^ "VT Elections Database » 2004 State Senator General Election Washington District". VT Elections Database. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
  99. ^ "VT Elections Database » 2002 State Senator General Election Washington District". VT Elections Database. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
  100. ^ "VT Elections Database » 2000 State Senator General Election Washington District". VT Elections Database. Retrieved April 29, 2016.

External links

  • Governor Phil Scott official government site
  • Phil Scott for Governor official campaign site
  • Phil Scott at Curlie
  • Profile, vermont-elections.org; accessed September 13, 2015.
  • Thunder Road International Speedbowl
  • American-Canadian Tour (ACT)
  • Appearances on C-SPAN
Vermont Senate
Preceded by
Jeb Spaulding
Member of the Vermont Senate
from the Washington County at-large district

2001–2011
Served alongside: Bill Doyle, Ann Cummings
Succeeded by
Anthony Pollina
Political offices
Preceded by
Brian Dubie
Lieutenant Governor of Vermont
2011–2017
Succeeded by
David Zuckerman
Preceded by
Peter Shumlin
Governor of Vermont
2017–present
Incumbent
Party political offices
Preceded by
Scott Milne
Republican nominee for Governor of Vermont
2016, 2018
Most recent
Current U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Mike Pence
as Vice President
Order of Precedence of the United States
Within Vermont
Succeeded by
Mayor of city
in which event is held
Succeeded by
Otherwise Paul Ryan
as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Gina Raimondo
as Governor of Rhode Island
Order of Precedence of the United States
Outside Vermont
Succeeded by
Matt Bevin
as Governor of Kentucky
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