Periodic table (large cells)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This page shows large-cell versions of the periodic table. For each element name, symbol, atomic number, and mean atomic mass value for the natural isotopic composition of each element are shown. The periodic table of the chemical elements is a tabular method of displaying the chemical elements.

The two layout forms originate from two graphic forms of presentation of the same periodic table. Historically, when the f-block was identified it was drawn below the existing table, with markings for its in-table location (this page uses dots or asterisks). Also, a common presentation is to put all 15 lanthanide and actinide columns below, while the f-block only has 14 columns. One lanthanide and actinide each are d-block elements, belonging to group 3 with scandium and yttrium, though whether these are the first of each series (lanthanum and actinium) or the last (lutetium and lawrencium) has been disputed. The tables below show lanthanum and actinium as group 3 elements, as this is the more common form in the literature.

Although precursors to this table exist, its invention is generally credited to Russian chemist Dmitri Mendeleev in 1869. Mendeleev invented the table to illustrate recurring ("periodic") trends in the properties of the elements. The layout of the table has been refined and extended over time, as new elements have been discovered, and new theoretical models have been developed to explain chemical behavior.[1]

Content
18-column layout 32-column layout
Periodic table with f-block separated
Periodic Table overview (wide).svg

18-column layout

Periodic table (18-column layout)
Group → 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Alkali metal Alkaline earth metal Boron group Carbon group Pnictogen Chalcogen Halogen Noble gas
CAS: IA IIA IIIB IVB VB VIB VIIB VIIIB IB IIB IIIA IVA VA VIA VIIA VIIIA
old IUPAC: IA IIA IIIA IVA VA VIA VIIA VIII IB IIB IIIB IVB VB VIB VIIB 0
Period ↓ Period ↓ Hydrogen
1
H  
  • [1.00781.0082]
  • short: 1.008
element name
atomic number
chemical symbol

Helium
2
He 
  • 4.002602(2)
  • short: 4.0026
2 Lithium
3
Li 
  • [6.9386.997]
  • short: 6.94
Beryllium
4
Be 
  • 9.0121831(5)
  • short: 9.0122
Boron
5
B  
  • [10.80610.821]
  • short: 10.81
Carbon
6
C  
  • [12.00912.012]
  • short: 12.011
Nitrogen
7
N  
  • [14.00614.008]
  • short: 14.007
Oxygen
8
O  
  • [15.99916.000]
  • short: 15.999
Fluorine
9
F  
  • 18.998403163(6)
  • short: 18.998
Neon
10
Ne 
  • 20.1797(6)
  • short: 20.180
3 Sodium
11
Na 
  • 22.98976928(2)
  • short: 22.990
Magnesium
12
Mg 
  • [24.30424.307]
  • short: 24.305
Aluminium
13
Al 
  • 26.9815385(7)
  • short: 26.982
Silicon
14
Si 
  • [28.08428.086]
  • short: 28.085
Phosphorus
15
P  
  • 30.973761998(5)
  • short: 30.974
Sulfur
16
S  
  • [32.05932.076]
  • short: 32.06
Chlorine
17
Cl 
  • [35.44635.457]
  • short: 35.45
Argon
18
Ar 
  • 39.948(1)
  • short: 39.948
4 Potassium
19
K  
  • 39.0983(1)
  • short: 39.098
Calcium
20
Ca 
  • 40.078(4)
  • short: 40.078(4)
Scandium
21
Sc 
  • 44.955908(5)
  • short: 44.956
Titanium
22
Ti 
  • 47.867(1)
  • short: 47.867
Vanadium
23
V  
  • 50.9415(1)
  • short: 50.942
Chromium
24
Cr 
  • 51.9961(6)
  • short: 51.996
Manganese
25
Mn 
  • 54.938044(3)
  • short: 54.938
Iron
26
Fe 
  • 55.845(2)
  • short: 55.845(2)
Cobalt
27
Co 
  • 58.933194(4)
  • short: 58.933
Nickel
28
Ni 
  • 58.6934(4)
  • short: 58.693
Copper
29
Cu 
  • 63.546(3)
  • short: 63.546(3)
Zinc
30
Zn 
  • 65.38(2)
  • short: 65.38(2)
Gallium
31
Ga 
  • 69.723(1)
  • short: 69.723
Germanium
32
Ge 
  • 72.630(8)
  • short: 72.630(8)
Arsenic
33
As 
  • 74.921595(6)
  • short: 74.922
Selenium
34
Se 
  • 78.971(8)
  • short: 78.971(8)
Bromine
35
Br 
  • [79.90179.907]
  • short: 79.904
Krypton
36
Kr 
  • 83.798(2)
  • short: 83.798(2)
5 Rubidium
37
Rb 
  • 85.4678(3)
  • short: 85.468
Strontium
38
Sr 
  • 87.62(1)
  • short: 87.62
Yttrium
39
Y  
  • 88.90584(2)
  • short: 88.906
Zirconium
40
Zr 
  • 91.224(2)
  • short: 91.224(2)
Niobium
41
Nb 
  • 92.90637(2)
  • short: 92.906
Molybdenum
42
Mo 
  • 95.95(1)
  • short: 95.95
Technetium
43
Tc 
[98]
Ruthenium
44
Ru 
  • 101.07(2)
  • short: 101.07(2)
Rhodium
45
Rh 
  • 102.90550(2)
  • short: 102.91
Palladium
46
Pd 
  • 106.42(1)
  • short: 106.42
Silver
47
Ag 
  • 107.8682(2)
  • short: 107.87
Cadmium
48
Cd 
  • 112.414(4)
  • short: 112.41
Indium
49
In 
  • 114.818(1)
  • short: 114.82
Tin
50
Sn 
  • 118.710(7)
  • short: 118.71
Antimony
51
Sb 
  • 121.760(1)
  • short: 121.76
Tellurium
52
Te 
  • 127.60(3)
  • short: 127.60(3)
Iodine
53
I  
  • 126.90447(3)
  • short: 126.90
Xenon
54
Xe 
  • 131.293(6)
  • short: 131.29
6 Caesium
55
Cs 
  • 132.90545196(6)
  • short: 132.91
Barium
56
Ba 
  • 137.327(7)
  • short: 137.33
Lanthanum
57
La 
  • 138.90547(7)
  • short: 138.91

58–71
1 asterisk
Hafnium
72
Hf 
  • 178.49(2)
  • short: 178.49(2)
Tantalum
73
Ta 
  • 180.94788(2)
  • short: 180.95
Tungsten
74
W 
  • 183.84(1)
  • short: 183.84
Rhenium
75
Re 
  • 186.207(1)
  • short: 186.21
Osmium
76
Os 
  • 190.23(3)
  • short: 190.23(3)
Iridium
77
Ir 
  • 192.217(3)
  • short: 192.22
Platinum
78
Pt 
  • 195.084(9)
  • short: 195.08
Gold
79
Au 
  • 196.966569(5)
  • short: 196.97
Mercury
80
Hg 
  • 200.592(3)
  • short: 200.59
Thallium
81
Tl 
  • [204.38204.39]
  • short: 204.38
Lead
82
Pb 
  • 207.2(1)
  • short: 207.2
Bismuth
83
Bi 
  • 208.98040(1)
  • short: 208.98
Polonium
84
Po 
[209]
Astatine
85
At 
[210]
Radon
86
Rn 
[222]
7 Francium
87
Fr 
[223]
Radium
88
Ra 
[226]
Actinium
89
Ac 
[227]

90–103
1 asterisk
Rutherfordium
104
Rf 
[267]
Dubnium
105
Db 
[268]
Seaborgium
106
Sg 
[269]
Bohrium
107
Bh 
[270]
Hassium
108
Hs 
[270]
Meitnerium
109
Mt 
[278]
Darmstadtium
110
Ds 
[281]
Roentgenium
111
Rg 
[282]
Copernicium
112
Cn 
[285]
Nihonium
113
Nh 
[286]
Flerovium
114
Fl 
[289]
Moscovium
115
Mc 
[290]
Livermorium
116
Lv 
[293]
Tennessine
117
Ts 
[294]
Oganesson
118
Og 
[294]

1 asterisk Cerium
58
Ce 
  • 140.116(1)
  • short: 140.12
Praseodymium
59
Pr 
  • 140.90766(2)
  • short: 140.91
Neodymium
60
Nd 
  • 144.242(3)
  • short: 144.24
Promethium
61
Pm 
[145]
Samarium
62
Sm 
  • 150.36(2)
  • short: 150.36(2)
Europium
63
Eu 
  • 151.964(1)
  • short: 151.96
Gadolinium
64
Gd 
  • 157.25(3)
  • short: 157.25(3)
Terbium
65
Tb 
  • 158.92535(2)
  • short: 158.93
Dysprosium
66
Dy 
  • 162.500(1)
  • short: 162.50
Holmium
67
Ho 
  • 164.93033(2)
  • short: 164.93
Erbium
68
Er 
  • 167.259(3)
  • short: 167.26
Thulium
69
Tm 
  • 168.93422(2)
  • short: 168.93
Ytterbium
70
Yb 
  • 173.045(10)
  • short: 173.05
Lutetium
71
Lu 
  • 174.9668(1)
  • short: 174.97
1 asterisk Thorium
90
Th 
  • 232.0377(4)
  • short: 232.04
Protactinium
91
Pa 
  • 231.03588(2)
  • short: 231.04
Uranium
92
U  
  • 238.02891(3)
  • short: 238.03
Neptunium
93
Np 
[237]
Plutonium
94
Pu 
[244]
Americium
95
Am 
[243]
Curium
96
Cm 
[247]
Berkelium
97
Bk 
[247]
Californium
98
Cf 
[251]
Einsteinium
99
Es 
[252]
Fermium
100
Fm 
[257]
Mendelevium
101
Md 
[258]
Nobelium
102
No 
[259]
Lawrencium
103
Lr 
[266]

32-column layout

Periodic table (32-column layout)
Group → 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Alkali metal Alkaline earth metal Boron group Carbon group Pnictogen Chalcogen Halogen Noble gas
CAS: IA IIA IIIB IVB VB VIB VIIB VIIIB IB IIB IIIA IVA VA VIA VIIA VIIIA
old IUPAC: IA IIA IIIA IVA VA VIA VIIA VIII IB IIB IIIB IVB VB VIB VIIB 0
↓ Period
1 Hydrogen
1
H  
  • [1.00781.0082]
  • short: 1.008
element name
atomic number
chemical symbol

Helium
2
He 
  • 4.002602(2)
  • short: 4.0026
2 Lithium
3
Li 
  • [6.9386.997]
  • short: 6.94
Beryllium
4
Be 
  • 9.0121831(5)
  • short: 9.0122
Boron
5
B  
  • [10.80610.821]
  • short: 10.81
Carbon
6
C  
  • [12.00912.012]
  • short: 12.011
Nitrogen
7
N  
  • [14.00614.008]
  • short: 14.007
Oxygen
8
O  
  • [15.99916.000]
  • short: 15.999
Fluorine
9
F  
  • 18.998403163(6)
  • short: 18.998
Neon
10
Ne 
  • 20.1797(6)
  • short: 20.180
3 Sodium
11
Na 
  • 22.98976928(2)
  • short: 22.990
Magnesium
12
Mg 
  • [24.30424.307]
  • short: 24.305
Aluminium
13
Al 
  • 26.9815385(7)
  • short: 26.982
Silicon
14
Si 
  • [28.08428.086]
  • short: 28.085
Phosphorus
15
P  
  • 30.973761998(5)
  • short: 30.974
Sulfur
16
S  
  • [32.05932.076]
  • short: 32.06
Chlorine
17
Cl 
  • [35.44635.457]
  • short: 35.45
Argon
18
Ar 
  • 39.948(1)
  • short: 39.948
4 Potassium
19
K  
  • 39.0983(1)
  • short: 39.098
Calcium
20
Ca 
  • 40.078(4)
  • short: 40.078(4)
Scandium
21
Sc 
  • 44.955908(5)
  • short: 44.956
Titanium
22
Ti 
  • 47.867(1)
  • short: 47.867
Vanadium
23
V  
  • 50.9415(1)
  • short: 50.942
Chromium
24
Cr 
  • 51.9961(6)
  • short: 51.996
Manganese
25
Mn 
  • 54.938044(3)
  • short: 54.938
Iron
26
Fe 
  • 55.845(2)
  • short: 55.845(2)
Cobalt
27
Co 
  • 58.933194(4)
  • short: 58.933
Nickel
28
Ni 
  • 58.6934(4)
  • short: 58.693
Copper
29
Cu 
  • 63.546(3)
  • short: 63.546(3)
Zinc
30
Zn 
  • 65.38(2)
  • short: 65.38(2)
Gallium
31
Ga 
  • 69.723(1)
  • short: 69.723
Germanium
32
Ge 
  • 72.630(8)
  • short: 72.630(8)
Arsenic
33
As 
  • 74.921595(6)
  • short: 74.922
Selenium
34
Se 
  • 78.971(8)
  • short: 78.971(8)
Bromine
35
Br 
  • [79.90179.907]
  • short: 79.904
Krypton
36
Kr 
  • 83.798(2)
  • short: 83.798(2)
5 Rubidium
37
Rb 
  • 85.4678(3)
  • short: 85.468
Strontium
38
Sr 
  • 87.62(1)
  • short: 87.62
Yttrium
39
Y  
  • 88.90584(2)
  • short: 88.906
Zirconium
40
Zr 
  • 91.224(2)
  • short: 91.224(2)
Niobium
41
Nb 
  • 92.90637(2)
  • short: 92.906
Molybdenum
42
Mo 
  • 95.95(1)
  • short: 95.95
Technetium
43
Tc 
[98]
Ruthenium
44
Ru 
  • 101.07(2)
  • short: 101.07(2)
Rhodium
45
Rh 
  • 102.90550(2)
  • short: 102.91
Palladium
46
Pd 
  • 106.42(1)
  • short: 106.42
Silver
47
Ag 
  • 107.8682(2)
  • short: 107.87
Cadmium
48
Cd 
  • 112.414(4)
  • short: 112.41
Indium
49
In 
  • 114.818(1)
  • short: 114.82
Tin
50
Sn 
  • 118.710(7)
  • short: 118.71
Antimony
51
Sb 
  • 121.760(1)
  • short: 121.76
Tellurium
52
Te 
  • 127.60(3)
  • short: 127.60(3)
Iodine
53
I  
  • 126.90447(3)
  • short: 126.90
Xenon
54
Xe 
  • 131.293(6)
  • short: 131.29
6 Caesium
55
Cs 
  • 132.90545196(6)
  • short: 132.91
Barium
56
Ba 
  • 137.327(7)
  • short: 137.33
Lanthanum
57
La 
  • 138.90547(7)
  • short: 138.91
Cerium
58
Ce 
  • 140.116(1)
  • short: 140.12
Praseodymium
59
Pr 
  • 140.90766(2)
  • short: 140.91
Neodymium
60
Nd 
  • 144.242(3)
  • short: 144.24
Promethium
61
Pm 
[145]
Samarium
62
Sm 
  • 150.36(2)
  • short: 150.36(2)
Europium
63
Eu 
  • 151.964(1)
  • short: 151.96
Gadolinium
64
Gd 
  • 157.25(3)
  • short: 157.25(3)
Terbium
65
Tb 
  • 158.92535(2)
  • short: 158.93
Dysprosium
66
Dy 
  • 162.500(1)
  • short: 162.50
Holmium
67
Ho 
  • 164.93033(2)
  • short: 164.93
Erbium
68
Er 
  • 167.259(3)
  • short: 167.26
Thulium
69
Tm 
  • 168.93422(2)
  • short: 168.93
Ytterbium
70
Yb 
  • 173.045(10)
  • short: 173.05
Lutetium
71
Lu 
  • 174.9668(1)
  • short: 174.97
Hafnium
72
Hf 
  • 178.49(2)
  • short: 178.49(2)
Tantalum
73
Ta 
  • 180.94788(2)
  • short: 180.95
Tungsten
74
W  
  • 183.84(1)
  • short: 183.84
Rhenium
75
Re 
  • 186.207(1)
  • short: 186.21
Osmium
76
Os 
  • 190.23(3)
  • short: 190.23(3)
Iridium
77
Ir 
  • 192.217(3)
  • short: 192.22
Platinum
78
Pt 
  • 195.084(9)
  • short: 195.08
Gold
79
Au 
  • 196.966569(5)
  • short: 196.97
Mercury
80
Hg 
  • 200.592(3)
  • short: 200.59
Thallium
81
Tl 
  • [204.38204.39]
  • short: 204.38
Lead
82
Pb 
  • 207.2(1)
  • short: 207.2
Bismuth
83
Bi 
  • 208.98040(1)
  • short: 208.98
Polonium
84
Po 
[209]
Astatine
85
At 
[210]
Radon
86
Rn 
[222]
7 Francium
87
Fr 
[223]
Radium
88
Ra 
[226]
Actinium
89
Ac 
[227]
Thorium
90
Th 
  • 232.0377(4)
  • short: 232.04
Protactinium
91
Pa 
  • 231.03588(2)
  • short: 231.04
Uranium
92
U  
  • 238.02891(3)
  • short: 238.03
Neptunium
93
Np 
[237]
Plutonium
94
Pu 
[244]
Americium
95
Am 
[243]
Curium
96
Cm 
[247]
Berkelium
97
Bk 
[247]
Californium
98
Cf 
[251]
Einsteinium
99
Es 
[252]
Fermium
100
Fm 
[257]
Mendelevium
101
Md 
[258]
Nobelium
102
No 
[259]
Lawrencium
103
Lr 
[266]
Rutherfordium
104
Rf 
[267]
Dubnium
105
Db 
[268]
Seaborgium
106
Sg 
[269]
Bohrium
107
Bh 
[270]
Hassium
108
Hs 
[270]
Meitnerium
109
Mt 
[278]
Darmstadtium
110
Ds 
[281]
Roentgenium
111
Rg 
[282]
Copernicium
112
Cn 
[285]
Nihonium
113
Nh 
[286]
Flerovium
114
Fl 
[289]
Moscovium
115
Mc 
[290]
Livermorium
116
Lv 
[293]
Tennessine
117
Ts 
[294]
Oganesson
118
Og 
[294]

References

  • IUPAC periodic table (Retrieved 15 October 2017)
  • WebElements Periodic table (professional edition) (Retrieved 20 June 2005)
  • Atomic Weights of the Elements 2001, Pure Appl. Chem. 75(8), 1107–1122, 2003
  • IUPAC Standard Atomic Weights Revised (2005).
  • IUPAC Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry Third Edition

Notes

  1. ^ "The periodic table of the elements". International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. 2007-07-22. Archived from the original on 2008-02-13. Retrieved 2008-02-08. 
  2. ^ a b Meija, J.; et al. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure and Applied Chemistry. 88 (3): 265–91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305. 
  3. ^ a b c d IUPAC 2016, Table 1.
  4. ^ a b IUPAC 2016, Table 2, 3 combined.
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Periodic_table_(large_cells)&oldid=829080836"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Periodic_table_(large_cells)
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Periodic table (large cells)"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA