People's Republic of Angola

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People's Republic of Angola
República Popular de Angola
Anthem: Angola Avante
Onwards Angola
Location of Angola
Capital Luanda
Common languages Portuguese
Government Unitary Marxist-Leninist one-party socialist republic
• 1975−1979
Agostinho Neto
• 1979−1992
José Eduardo dos Santos
Prime Minister  
• 1975−1978
Lopo do Nascimento
• 1991−1992
Fernando José de França Dias Van-Dúnem
Historical era Cold War
• Independence from Portugal
11 November 1975
22 November 1976
25 August 1992
Currency Kwanza
Calling code 244
ISO 3166 code AO
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Overseas Province of Angola
Republic of Angola

The People's Republic of Angola (Portuguese: República Popular de Angola) covers the period of Angolan history as a self-declared socialist state established in 1975 after it was granted independence from Portugal, akin to the situation in Mozambique. The newly founded nation enjoyed friendly relations with the Soviet Union, Cuba, and the People's Republic of Mozambique.[1] The country was governed by the People's Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA), which was responsible for the transition into a Marxist-Leninist one party state. The group was backed by both Cuba and the Soviet Union.

An opposing group, known as the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA), sparked a civil war with the MPLA, with the backing from both South Africa and the United States.

In 1991, the MPLA and UNITA signed a peace agreement, which would allow for multiparty elections in Angola. Though harsh disputes still followed, the People's Republic of Angola was finally dismantled in 1992, becoming the present day Republic of Angola.


  1. ^ Angola - Communist Nations

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