People's Council of Syria

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Coordinates: 33°31′5″N 36°17′35″E / 33.51806°N 36.29306°E / 33.51806; 36.29306

People’s Council of Syria
مجلس الشعب
Coat of arms of Syria.svg
Seats 250
People's Council of Syria 2016.svg
Political groups

     NPF (200)

     Independents (50)
Length of term
4 years
Last election
13 April 2016
Next election
On or before 13 April 2020
Meeting place
Parliament Building, Damascus, Syria
Coat of arms of Syria.svg
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The People's Council (Arabic: مجلس الشعب‎, Majlis al-Sha'ab; French: Assemblée du peuple) is Syria's legislative authority. It has 250 members elected for a four-year term in 15 multi-seat constituencies. There are two main political fronts; the National Progressive Front and Popular Front for Change and Liberation. The 2012 elections, held on 7 May, resulted in a new parliament that, for the first time in four decades, is based on a multi-party system.[2] In 2016 Hadiya Khalaf Abbas, Ph.D., representing Deir Ezzor since 2003, became the first woman elected to be the Speaker.[3][4][5][6] In 2017, Hammouda Sabbagh became the first Orthodox Christian to have held the post.[7]

The council meets at least three times a year and in special occasions called by the council's president or the president of the country.[8]

Latest elections

The last elections 13.4.2016. Parliamentary election was on 7 May 2012 and the results were announced on 15 May.[9]

The Ba'ath party won an even larger victory than it did in previous elections. They won a majority of around 60% of the 250 parliamentary seats. Previously, the Baath had a majority of just over 50% of the seats in parliament. If one adds in the independent MPs aligned with the Ba'ath Party, the MPs who support the president make up over 90% of the seats in new parliament. The National Unity List, which is dominated by the Syrian Baath Party, won 134 seats in the 245 member parliament. Independent individuals 72 seats. The Front for Change and Liberation won 5 seats. Among the newly established opposition parties (established since August 2011), only one single seat was won, namely a seat in Aleppo won by the Syrian Democratic Party, Ahmad Koussa. In addition three representatives of longstanding opposition parties and coalitions have been elected to Parliament: Qadri Jamil (leader of the People's Will Party, former Syrian Communist Party Kassioun wing) and Ali Haydar (leader of the Syrian Social Nationalist Party) from the Front for Change and Liberation, and Amro Osi from the Initiative of Syrian Kurds.[10]

e • d Summary of the 4 April 2016 People's Council of Syria election results
Parties Votes % Seats Seats inside
National Progressive Front (al-jabha al-waTaniyyah at-taqaddumiyyah) 200
Popular Front for Change and Liberation 0
non-partisans 50
Total   250
Source: Syrian parliament

Names of legislature

The name of the legislature in Syria has changed, as follows, as has the composition and functions:

  • Under the Occupied Enemy Territory Administration (1917–1920)
  • Arab Kingdom of Syria (1920)
  • State of Syria, part of the French Mandate (1922–1930)
    • Constituent Council (1923–1925)
    • Constituent Assembly (1924–1930)
  • Syrian Republic (1930–58)
    • Council of Representatives (1932–1933)
    • Chamber of Deputies (1932–1946)
    • House of Representatives (1947–1949)
    • Constituent Assembly (1949–1951)
    • Chamber of Deputies (1953–1958)
  • United Arab Republic (1958–1961)
    • Chamber of Deputies (1958–1960)
  • Syrian Arab Republic (1961–present)

See also


  1. ^ "Little known Syrian politician elected parliament speaker". Fox News. 28 September 2017. Retrieved 28 September 2017. 
  2. ^ "Assad says Syria 'able' to get out of crisis". Al Jazeera. 2012-05-25. Retrieved 2012-06-11. 
  3. ^ Hadiyeh Khalaf Abbas Elected as First Woman Speaker of Syrian People’s Assembly
  4. ^ Hadiyeh Khalaf Abbas elected as first woman speaker of People’s Assembly
  5. ^ [ Hadiyeh Khalaf Abbas elected as the first woman Speaker of the People’s Assembly]
  6. ^ Syrian Parliament Elects First Woman Speaker Since 1919
  7. ^ انتخاب مسيحي أرثوذكسي رئيسًا لمجلس الشعب السوري (in Arabic)
  8. ^ Phillips, Douglas A.; Gritzner, Charles F. (2010). Syria. Infobase Publishing. ISBN 9781438132389. 
  9. ^ SANA Syrian News Agency
  10. ^ Syria Comment

External links

  • People's Council of Syria official government website
  • Syria's Legislative System profiles of people and institutions provided by the Arab Decision project

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