Penpont

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Penpont
Penpont village centre - geograph.org.uk - 1326065.jpg
Crossroads at the centre of Penpont
Penpont is located in Dumfries and Galloway
Penpont
Penpont
Penpont shown within Dumfries and Galloway
OS grid reference NX8494
Civil parish
  • Penpont
Council area
Lieutenancy area
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Thornhill
Postcode district DG3
Dialling code 01848
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
UK
Scotland
55°13′55″N 3°48′54″W / 55.232°N 3.815°W / 55.232; -3.815Coordinates: 55°13′55″N 3°48′54″W / 55.232°N 3.815°W / 55.232; -3.815

Penpont is a village about 2 miles (3 km) west of Thornhill in Dumfriesshire, in the Dumfries and Galloway region of Scotland. It is near the confluence of the Shinnel Water and Scaur Water rivers in the foothills of the Southern Uplands. It has a population of about 400 people.[citation needed]

Archaeology

There are several archaeological sites nearby, including Late Bronze Age hill forts on Tynron Doon[1] and Grennan Hill and a long cairn at Capenoch Loch[2] dating from the 2nd or 3rd century.

History

The toponym Penpont means "bridge-head" in the Cumbric language once spoken in the region.[3]

The A702 road passes through Penpont. West of Thornhill it crosses the River Nith on a two-arched stone bridge in Penpont parish. It was built in the 1760s after the presbytery of Penpont raised £680 toward the cost. Work started about 1774, but in 1776 the bridge collapsed. The bridge was completed in 1778 and strengthened in 1930–31. It is a Category A listed building.[4]

Penpont's Church of Scotland parish church is a Gothic Revival building completed in 1867. It is a Category B listed building.[5] It has an Art Nouveau Communion table made in 1923.[citation needed]

Penpont's war memorial was made by Glasgow sculptor William Kellock Brown and installed in 1920. It is a bronze statue of an infantryman, with his rifle pointing downwards, his hands resting on the butt and his head slightly bowed.

Notable people

  • The sculptor Andy Goldsworthy[7] has lived in the village since 1986 and has a workshop there. Many of his works are in the surrounding countryside, including a pinecone-shaped sculpture at Stepends Farm made to celebrate the year 2000. Each year Penpont holds a week-long festival called the Penpont Gala,[8] beginning in the first week of July.
  • Kirkpatrick MacMillan, generally credited with the invention of the pedal driven bicycle, was born and died in Keir, one mile south of Penpont.[9]

See also

References

Bridge over the River Nith, completed in 1778
  1. ^ "Views around the top of Tynron Doon". Cairnsmore of Carsphairn and the Scaur Hills. South West Scotland Hill Walking Routes.
  2. ^ "Capenoch Loch (Cairn(s))". The Modern Antiquarian. Julian Cope.
  3. ^ Watson, William J (1925). "The Celts (British and Gael) in Dumfriesshire and Galloway" (PDF). Transactions and Journal of Proceedings of the Dumfriesshire and Galloway Natural History and Antiquarian Society. Third Series. XI: 147. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 August 2014.
  4. ^ "Nith Bridge (A702 over River Nith)". Historic Scotland. 3 August 1971. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  5. ^ "Penpont Village Penpont Church and Churchyard". Historic Scotland. 26 June 1986. Retrieved 15 June 2015.
  6. ^ Biographical Index of Former Fellows of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 1783–2002 (PDF). The Royal Society of Edinburgh. July 2006. ISBN 0 902 198 84 X.
  7. ^ "Andy Goldsworthy Archive". Andy Goldsworthy Digital Catalogue.
  8. ^ http://chrisfrear.photium.com/portfolio34657.html
  9. ^ "Famous People of Penpont". Penpont Heritage. Retrieved 2016-11-22.

External links

  • Penpont Heritage
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