Pendle

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 53°52′08″N 2°09′50″W / 53.869°N 2.164°W / 53.869; -2.164

Borough of Pendle
Borough
Shown within Lancashire and England
Shown within Lancashire and England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Constituent country England
Region North West England
Ceremonial county Lancashire
Admin. HQ Nelson
Government
 • Type Pendle Borough Council
 • Leadership: Leader & Cabinet
 • Executive: Labour/Liberal Democrats
 • MPs: Andrew Stephenson
Area
 • Total 65.4 sq mi (169.4 km2)
Area rank 178th
Population (mid-2016 est.)
 • Total 90,600
 • Rank Ranked 265th
 • Density 1,400/sq mi (530/km2)
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC+0)
 • Summer (DST) British Summer Time (UTC+1)
ONS code 30UJ (ONS)
E07000122 (GSS)
NUTS 3 UKD46
Ethnicity 84.3% White
82.8% White British
0.9% White Other
0.6% White Irish
14.1% S.Asian
13.1% Pakistani
0.4% Indian
0.4% Other S.Asian
0.2% Bangladeshi
0.9% Mixed Race
0.5% Asian & White
0.2% Black Caribbean & White
0.2% Other Mixed
0.1% Black African & White
0.4% E.Asian and Other
0.2% Chinese
0.1% Other E.Asian
0.1% Other
0.3% Black
0.2% Black African
0.1% Black Caribbean
0.0% Other Black
Website pendle.gov.uk

Pendle is a local government district and borough of Lancashire, England. It adjoins the Lancashire boroughs of Burnley and Ribble Valley, the North Yorkshire district of Craven and the West Yorkshire districts of Calderdale and the City of Bradford. It has a total population of 90,600 (mid-2016 est.).[1]

Early history

The name Pendle comes from the Cumbric word 'Pen' meaning hill (or head), a reference to Pendle Hill. Hence the name of the modern district derives from the prominent landmark at the west of the district, which already in the Middle Ages gave its name to the royal forest which spread to its east. Pendle Forest is still the name of a significant rural part of the district, though it has long ago ceased being a forest.

The ancient lordship of Pendle Forest has been under the Honour of Clitheroe since medieval times, and a title continues to be held by a modern version, the Barons Clitheroe.

Witch trials

The area is closely associated with the trials of the Pendle witches, among the most notorious such trials in English history.

Creation of the modern district

The current district with this name was created in 1974 as a result of local government reorganisation from the former Municipal Boroughs of Nelson and Colne, the former urban districts of Barnoldswick, Barrowford, Brierfield, Earby and Trawden, and from parts of Burnley Rural District and Skipton Rural District.

The Barnoldswick, Earby and Skipton parts are historically in the West Riding of Yorkshire. They are today referred to collectively as West Craven.

Neighbouring districts

Politics

MP

The Pendle constituency is represented in Parliament by the Conservative Member of Parliament, Andrew Stephenson, since 2010. Since its creation in 1983, its boundaries have been coterminous with those of the borough.

Borough

Elections to the borough council are held in three out of every four years, with one third of the 49 seats on the council being elected at each election. Since the Liberal Democrats lost overall control of the council at the election in 2008, no party has had a majority on the council. In 2018, the BNP lost their final councillor seat. As of the election of 2018, the council is composed of the following councillors:-[2]

Party Councillors
Conservative Party 19
Labour Party 18
Liberal Democrats 11

Economy

The three main employers in the borough are Rolls-Royce plc, Silentnight and the Daisy Group.

Places in Pendle

Parishes in Pendle Borough
Contemporary civil parish Map
ref
Medieval jurisdiction Medieval jurisdiction Early modern jurisdiction
Barley-with-Wheatley Booth 1 Pendle Forest, manor of Ightenhill Forest of Blackburnshire Whalley, Lancashire: once a much larger parish than today.
It encompassed a large part of eastern Lancashire.
It also included areas outside of Pendle.
Barrowford 3
Blacko 4
Old Laund Booth 15
Goldshaw Booth 10
Reedley Hallows 16
Roughlee Booth 17
Higham-with-West Close Booth 11
Trawden Forest 19 Trawden Forest, manor of Colne
Nelson 14 manor of Ightenhill, not in Forest Blackburnshire, not in Forest
Brierfield 6
Colne 7 manor of Colne, not in Forest
Foulridge 9
Laneshaw Bridge 13
Barnoldswick 2 Now referred to as "West Craven".
This is a part of Lancashire, which was once in the neighbouring West Riding of Yorkshire.
(Within the Wapentake of Staincliffe, Deanery of Craven.)
Bracewell and Brogden 5
Salterforth 8
Kelbrook and Sough 12
Earby 18

References

  1. ^ "Population Estimates for UK, England and Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland, Mid-2016". Office for National Statistics. 22 June 2017. Retrieved 27 June 2017. 
  2. ^ "Pendle". BBC News Online. Retrieved 9 June 2014. 
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pendle&oldid=839349406"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pendle
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Pendle"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA