Peace Pagoda

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

A Peace Pagoda is a Buddhist stupa; a monument to inspire peace, designed to provide a focus for people of all races and creeds, and to help unite them in their search for world peace. Most (though not all) peace pagodas built since World War II have been built under the guidance of Nichidatsu Fujii (1885–1985), a Buddhist monk from Japan and founder of the Nipponzan-Myōhōji Buddhist Order. Fujii was greatly inspired by his meeting with Mahatma Gandhi in 1931 and decided to devote his life to promoting non-violence. In 1947, he began constructing Peace Pagodas as shrines to world peace.[1]

Peace Pagodas were built as a symbol of peace in Japanese cities including Hiroshima and Nagasaki where the atomic bombs took the lives of over 150,000 people, almost all of whom were civilian, at the end of World War II. By 2000, eighty Peace Pagodas had been built around the world in Europe, Asia, and the United States.

The Nipponzan-Myōhōji monks of the New England Peace Pagoda were awarded the Courage of Conscience award June 5, 1998 in Sherborn, Massachusetts.[2]

Asia

Rajgir, India

Shanti Stupa (Peace Pagoda) at Rajgir.

The Rajgir Vishwa Shanti Stupa/World Peace Pagoda (25°00′16″N 85°26′40″E / 25.004553°N 85.444539°E / 25.004553; 85.444539 (Rajgir Peace Pagoda)) was completed in 1969 at Rajgir hills near Rajgir, near the site where the Buddha is believed to have preached the Lotus Sutra.[citation needed] The dedication coincided with the 100th anniversary of the birth of Mahatma Gandhi. The site also includes a Nipponzan Myohoji temple.[3]

Darjeeling, India

Japanese Peace Pagoda in Darjeeling

The shanthi stupas in India were established by Fuji Guru, a close friend of Mahatma Gandhi, for World Peace. The Nipponzan Myōhōji Buddhist temple at Charlimont in Darjeeling (27°01′39″N 88°15′32″E / 27.027585°N 88.259012°E / 27.027585; 88.259012 (Darjeeling Peace Pagoda)) is one of them. Work on the Stupa began in 1972 and it was dedicated on November 1, 1992.

Delhi, India

Vishwa Shanti Stupa (World Peace Pagoda), Delhi.

A Vishwa Shanti Stupa/World Peace Pagoda in New Delhi (28°36′08″N 77°15′12″E / 28.602352°N 77.253413°E / 28.602352; 77.253413 (Vishwa Shanti Delhi Peace Pagoda)) was inaugurated on 20th. November 2007 by monks and nuns of Nipponzan-Myōhōji, the Dalai Lama and the Lt. Governor of Delhi. It is situated in Millennium Indraprastha Park, North-East of Humayun's Tomb, adjacent to Delhi Ring Road.

A traditional Japanese garden has been constructed in the area around the stupa. The garden is a joint project by the Fujii Guruji Vishwa Shanti Stupa Committee and the Delhi Development Authority.

Dhauli Giri, Bhubaneswar, Orissa, India

Dhauli Giri Shanti Stupa

The Dhauli Giri Shanti Stupa (Peace Pagoda) was built in Bhubaneswar, Orissa State, India (20°11′33″N 85°50′22″E / 20.192392°N 85.839454°E / 20.192392; 85.839454 (Dhauli Giri Peace Pagoda)) during a two-year period, and was inaugurated on November 8, 1972. It was established by Sri Nitya Nanda Kanungo, Governor of Bihar, with the spiritual guidance of Nichidatsu Fujii (Fujii Guruji), whose monks helped build the Peace Pagoda.[4]

Ladakh, India

The Shanti Stupa in Ladakh (Jammu and Kashmir) was built by Nipponzan-Myōhōji monks, headed by Head monk Nakamura, with the help of local people. The Shanti Stupa holds the relics of the Buddha at its base, enshrined by the 14th Dalai Lama himself[5] It is situated at a hilltop in Changspa village providing a bird's eye view of Leh town and the surrounding mountain peaks. The 14th and current Dalai Lama inaugurated the Shanti Stupa in August 1985.[6]

Vaishali, India

The stupa at Vaishali was inaugurated 23 October 1996.[7][8] Vaishali is an important place in the life of the Buddha.

Wardha, India

Viswa Shanti stupa at Wardha, India

Vishwa Shanti stupa was a dream of Fujii guruji (as called by Mahatma Gandhi). It is beside Gitai Mandir. It is a large stupa of white color. Statues of Buddha are mounted on the stupa, facing in four directions. It also has a small Japanese Buddhist temple with a large park.There is a temple near the stupa where prayers are done for universal peace.

Hanaokayama, Japan

Work on Hanaokayama Peace Pagoda, the first Peace Pagoda constructed by Nipponzan Myohoji Japanese Buddhist monks, began in 1947 at Kumamoto (32°47′48″N 130°41′09″E / 32.796605°N 130.685959°E / 32.796605; 130.685959 (Hanaokayama Peace Pagoda)) with basic hand tools. It took seven years to build, being completed in 1954.

Sapporo, Japan

This Peace Pagoda (Stupa) was built by Nipponzan-Myōhōji monks in 1959 halfway up Mount Moiwa (43°01′49″N 141°19′51″E / 43.030385°N 141.330728°E / 43.030385; 141.330728 (Sapporo Peace Pagoda)). It was built to commemorate peace after World War II and can be seen from almost anywhere in Sapporo. It contains some of the ashes of the Buddha that were presented to the Emperor of Japan by Prime Minister Nehru in 1954. Later, another part of these were presented to Mikhail Gorbachev by the famous Nipponzan-Myōhōji monk, Junsei Terasawa.

Hiroshima, Japan

Peace Pagoda, Hiroshima.

The Hiroshima Peace Pagoda [9] (34°24′21″N 132°28′41″E / 34.4058702°N 132.4779358°E / 34.4058702; 132.4779358 (Hiroshima Peace Pagoda)) was built in 1966 by Nipponzan Myohoji Buddhist monks. It commemorate the lives lost in the A-bomb blast, and contains gifts of Buddha's ashes from the then Prime Minister of India and Mongolian Buddhists. It is notable for being built partially of steel.

Kumamoto, Japan

After the effects of the air raids, the Japanese Buddhist monk Nichidatsu Fujii decided to construct a Peace Pagoda atop Mount Hanaoka in Kumamoto to commemorate all those lost in war, and to promote peace.[citation needed] Inaugurated in 1954, this pagoda held significance, as it would inspire[citation needed] Fujii and his followers to build over eighty more in many locations across the world including India, Sri Lanka, the United States and the United Kingdom.

Nagasaki, Japan

The Peace Pagoda in Nagasaki, the site of the second A-Bomb attack, was inaugurated by Nipponzan in 1970.

Mount Kijosumi, Japan

At Mount Kiyosumi, the most predominant ceremonies held by Nipponzan tend to take place. The Pagoda was inaugurated in 1969.

Narita-shi, Chiba-ken, Japan

Narita, Chiba Great Peace Pagoda

Built in 1984, dedicated May 13, 2001, the peace pagoda at Narita-shi in Chiba Prefecture, Japan (35°44′29″N 140°23′54″E / 35.741317°N 140.398277°E / 35.741317; 140.398277 (Narita-shi Peace Pagoda)) is 58 m high and situated on a small hill.

Gotemba, Shizuoka, Japan

Founded in 1964, the Gotemba Peace Pagoda in Shizuoka Prefecture, Japan (35°17′05″N 138°57′23″E / 35.284637°N 138.956364°E / 35.284637; 138.956364 (Gotemba World Peace Pagoda)) includes a Nipponzan Myohoji temple.

Jeju Island, Korea

The Stupa is built in Jeju Island on the site where Venerable Masters Bowoo (d. 1565) and Jiahn (d. 1729) died. They gave their lives for Buddhism. The Stupa is the centre of many activities for the propagation of world peace and the unification of Korea. One such activity is the Lotus Sutra writing movement, and on August 15 each year people come and place hand-written copies of the Lotus Sutra into the Pagoda. This stupa is not associated with Nipponzan-Myōhōji.

Lumbini, Nepal

The Lumbini Shanti Stupa/Peace Pagoda[10] (27°29′56″N 83°16′35″E / 27.4989001°N 83.2762546°E / 27.4989001; 83.2762546 (Lumbini World Peace Pagoda)) in Nepal was constructed by Nipponzan Myohoji monks and dedicated in November 2001 at the Buddhist pilgrimage site in kapilvastu district lumbini zone Nepal, where Queen Mayadevi is said to have given birth to Siddhartha Gautama, who in turn, as the Buddha Gautama, gave birth to the Buddhist tradition.

Pokhara, Nepal

Shanti Stupa, Pokhara

Balanced on a narrow ridge high above Phewa Tal, the brilliant-white Shanti Stupa in Pokhara is a massive Buddhist stupa which was constructed by Buddhist monks from the Japanese Nipponzan Myōhōji organisation. Besides being an impressive sight in itself, the shrine is a vantage point which has views of the Annapurna range and Pokhara city.The shining golden statue depicts the Buddha in the posture he assumed when he was born.

Ampara, Sri Lanka

Peace Pagoda, Ampara, Sri Lanka

The Ampara Peace Pagoda (7°17′07″N 81°39′14″E / 7.2852855°N 81.6539499°E / 7.2852855; 81.6539499 (Ampara Peace Pagoda)) was built by Nipponzan monks under the leadership of Nichidatsu Fujii and was inaugurated on February 27, 1988. Ceremonies here are attended by large numbers of people.[11]

Bandarawela, Sri Lanka

Bandarawela Peace Pagoda

The Bandarawela Peace Pagoda [12] (also known Sama Chethiya in Sinhala) (6°49′28″N 80°59′09″E / 6.824508°N 80.98587°E / 6.824508; 80.98587 (Bandarawela Peace Pagoda)) is located between the towns of Bandarawela Etampitiya road 6 Kilometers towards Bandarawela to Etampitiya. It was completed by Niponzan Myohoji monks in 1982.

Unawatuna, Sri Lanka

The Unawatuna Peace Pagoda (6°00′57″N 80°14′16″E / 6.0158585°N 80.2377972°E / 6.0158585; 80.2377972 (Unawatuna Peace Pagoda)), built by Nipponzan Myohoji monks, is on the headland between Unawatuna and Galle.[13]

Walapane, Sri Lanka

The Walapane Peace Pagoda (7°05′23″N 80°51′40″E / 7.089642°N 80.861027°E / 7.089642; 80.861027 (Walapane Peace Pagoda)), built by Nichidatsu Fuhi monk, is located on Walapane, Central Province of Sri Lanka. . This is also called Japanese Sama Viharaya Walapane.

Peace Pagoda is an enormous shrine, recently restored to become one of the most prominent landmarks in Walapane. In addition Peace pagoda is located on a top of a mountain providing adorable views of a mountain range to the visitors. With many opportunities for tourists whom are eager to cycling and walking among the sites, this is a quite relaxing getaway from the busy life patterns.

Australia

Brisbane, Australia

Created by the Kingdom of Nepal for the 1988 World Exposition, Brisbane's World Expo '88, the Brisbane Nepal Peace Pagoda is now a permanent commemorative structure of the Expo. It is located at the transformed Expo site, South Bank Parklands.

The three-story Pagoda was constructed of 80 tons of art-carved Nepalese Terai timbers and assembled on the Expo site for the World Expo´88. It was relocated to its new riverfront location at the conclusion of the Expo for the opening of the Parklands in 1992. It now features commemorative displays of the Expo and is a place for quiet and reflection. It features a Peace Bell, and there is a Peace Post in the Pagoda garden. The Peace Pagoda in Brisbane was built by German architect Jochen Reier[citation needed] and architect Dean Ricker[citation needed] for the World EXPO´88 on behalf of the Kingdom of Nepal. Architect Jochen Reier has also constructed the Peace Pagoda in Munich, Germany, for the IGA ´83 and the World EXPO´90 Peace Pagoda in Osaka, Japan. This Pagoda is not associated with Nipponzan.

Europe

Munich, Germany

The Peace Pagoda in Munich was built by German architect Jochen Reier (APAC) on behalf of the Kingdom of Nepal in 1982-1983. The temple has been constructed with 80 tons of precious Sissam timber (rose wood) logged in the Terai (lowlands of Nepal) and was then beautifully art-carved by hand. Over 300 Nepalese artisans in the Kathmandu area helped building it. The Kingdom of Nepal was awarded with the gold medal for best nation building of the IGA´83 in Munich. Today the Peace Pagoda is part of Munich Westpark because thousands of citizens and visitors helped to keep the "Asian Essemble" - and especially this Nepalese Shiva Pagoda - as a constantly remaining symbol of World Peace.[14]

Vienna, Austria

The Vienna Peace Pagoda,[15] on the Danube River, (48°11′28″N 16°27′17″E / 48.1912047°N 16.4548101°E / 48.1912047; 16.4548101 (Vienna Peace Pagoda)) was built on land donated by Elisabeth Lindmayer. Nipponzan Myohoji monks constructed the Pagoda, which was completed in 1983, the first peace pagoda in continental Europe. The Nipponzan Myohoji order led by Rev. Gyosei Masunaga have been active here for 25 years.[16]

Birmingham, England

On 26 June 1998, the Dhamma Talaka Pagoda was dedicated in the Ladywood district of Birmingham. The Burmese monk and scholar, Aggamahapandita Rewata Dhamma, was the prime mover behind the planning of the pagoda and the new monastic complex that developed on the same grounds. Enshrined above its dome are Buddha relics once belonging to the Burmese royal family. The building therefore serves as a pilgrimage site and a focus for the Burmese community in Britain.

Milton Keynes, England

The Milton Keynes Peace Pagoda (52°03′28″N 0°43′32″W / 52.057697°N 0.725436°W / 52.057697; -0.725436 (Milton Keynes Peace Pagoda)) was completed in 1980 at the western edge of Willen lake in Willen, Milton Keynes. This was the first Peace Pagoda in the western world.[17] There is a Nipponzan-Myōhōji Order temple and monastery nearby (52°03′20″N 0°43′34″W / 52.055436°N 0.726181°W / 52.055436; -0.726181 (Nipponzan-Myōhōji Order temple and monastery)).

London, England

The London Peace Pagoda (51°28′55″N 0°09′32″W / 51.482018°N 0.159025°W / 51.482018; -0.159025 (London Peace Pagoda)) was completed[18] in 1985 on the south side of the River Thames in Battersea Park, London. Permission to build it was the last legislative act of the Greater London Council.

Comiso, Italy

The Comiso Peace Pagoda (36°57′45″N 14°38′02″E / 36.9625422°N 14.6339001°E / 36.9625422; 14.6339001 (Nipponzan-Myōhōji Order stupa at Comiso)), built by Nipponzan Myohoji monks, was dedicated on 24 May 1998, the Reverend Morishita[19] at Comiso (Contrada Canicarao, 100) in Sicily, Italy near the NATO base there.

Latvia

The Peace Pagoda in Latvia (56°39′46″N 23°57′33″E / 56.662912°N 23.959158°E / 56.662912; 23.959158 (Latvia Peace Pagoda)) was opened on 28 June 2014 near Garoza village in Salgale parish, Ozolnieki Municipality.[20]

North America

St Norbert, Manitoba, Canada

A stupa has been constructed at the St Norbert Arts Centre [1] in St. Norbert (Winnipeg, Manitoba), Canada.

Los Álamos, Valle de Bravo, Mexico

The Asociación Cultural Tibetana A.C. ("Garuda") is constructing a stupa at Los Álamos, Valle de Bravo, Mexico State under the patronage of Tenzin Wangyal Rinpoche.[21]

San Francisco, California

Peace Pagoda, San Francisco, CA

The Peace Pagoda in San Francisco (37°47′06″N 122°25′47″W / 37.785054°N 122.429827°W / 37.785054; -122.429827 (Peace Pagoda in San Francisco)) is a five-tiered concrete stupa in Nihonmachi (Japantown) between Post and Geary Streets at Buchanan. It is part of the Japan Center complex which opened in 1968. It was designed by Japanese architect Yoshiro Taniguchi and presented to San Francisco by the people of Osaka, Japan. This stupa is not associated with Nipponzan-Myōhōji.

Leverett, Massachusetts

The New England Peace Pagoda (42°29′56″N 72°29′28″W / 42.498994°N 72.491108°W / 42.498994; -72.491108 (New England Peace Pagoda)) is the first Nipponzan-Myōhōji Peace Pagoda to be built in the US and was completed in 1985. The Franklin County Technical School brought students from their electrical, plumbing, and carpentry shops to assist in building the temple.[22]

Grafton, New York

The Grafton Peace Pagoda in Petersburgh, New York (42°45′04″N 73°24′32″W / 42.751109°N 73.408756°W / 42.751109; -73.408756 (Grafton Peace Pagoda)) was dedicated in 1993. The site includes a temple, gardens, pond and the pagoda. Each year on September 11, a group of marchers begin a walk at the Grafton Peace Pagoda Site and end in New York City two weeks later.

Great Smoky Mountains

As of January 2015, the Great Smoky Mountains Peace Pagoda (35°52′17″N 83°10′13″W / 35.8713972°N 83.1702692°W / 35.8713972; -83.1702692 (Great Smoky Mountains Peace Pagoda)) is under construction.[23] Land for the construction of the Great Smoky Mountains Peace Pagoda was purchased in 2000 and, by the end of 2014, a temple, gardens, Stone Pagoda, Spirit Garden, and guest house had been completed. Construction of the Peace Pagoda/Stupa itself is ongoing. The architectural design of Darjeeling Peace Pagoda is the model for the Peace Pagoda in the Smoky Mountains.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-06-24. Retrieved 2017-06-16. 
  2. ^ The Peace Abbey Courage of Conscience Recipients List Archived 2014-06-10 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ 'India' page 252 pub Insight Guides ISBN 978-981-258-629-2
  4. ^ Dhauli Giri Peace Pagoda
  5. ^ "Leh". NDTV. 
  6. ^ "Shanti Stupa". Buddhist-temples.com. Retrieved October 19, 2009. 
  7. ^ Nipponzan Myohoji Vaishali Dojo Includes picture of the Stupa
  8. ^ Vaishali World Peace Pagoda
  9. ^ Peace Pagoda, Hiroshima, Japan
  10. ^ World Peace Pagoda, Lumbini
  11. ^ Ampara Peace Pagoda
  12. ^ http://amazinglanka.com/heritage/japanese_pagoda_galle/japanese_pagoda_galle.php Bandarawela Peace Pagoda
  13. ^ Travel blog at Galle
  14. ^ WERDEGANG DER NEPALESISCHEN FRIEDENS PAGODE IN MUENCHEN IM RAHMEN DER INTERNATIONALEN GARTENBAUAUSTELLUNG (IGA’83) PROJEKTBEGINN: JANUAR 1980
  15. ^ Vienna Peace Pagoda
  16. ^ PeacePagoda.net(in German)
  17. ^ Places to visit in Milton Keynes: the Peace Pagoda
  18. ^ Peace Pagoda in Battersea Park
  19. ^ Rev. Morishita
  20. ^ Peace Pagoda Latvia
  21. ^ Garuda
  22. ^ RELIGION JOURNAL; Peace Pagoda Grounds a Buddhist Group in New England
  23. ^ Great Smoky Mountains Peace Pagoda construction web site

External links

  • Dharmawalk.org: Information on Nichidatsu Fujii, Peace Pagodas and the work of Nipponzan Myōhōji.
  • Buddhism for World Peace: Words of Nichidatsu Fujii at Milton Keynes in 1979, Translated by Yumiko Miyazaki, Japan-Bharat Sarvodaya Mitrata Sangha, 1980 at the Wayback Machine (archived 5 February 2007)
  • Panoramic picture of stupa on the shore of the Danube
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Peace_Pagoda&oldid=842031382"
This content was retrieved from Wikipedia : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Peace_Pagoda
This page is based on the copyrighted Wikipedia article "Peace Pagoda"; it is used under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License (CC-BY-SA). You may redistribute it, verbatim or modified, providing that you comply with the terms of the CC-BY-SA