Pe (Cyrillic)

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Cyrillic letter Pe
Cyrillic letter Pe - uppercase and lowercase.svg
Numeric value: 80
Phonetic usage: [p]
The Cyrillic script
Slavic letters
А Б В Г Ґ Д Ђ
Ѓ Е Ѐ Ё Є Ж З
З́ Ѕ И Ѝ І Ї Й
Ј К Л Љ М Н Њ
О П Р С С́ Т Ћ
Ќ У Ў Ф Х Ц Ч
Џ Ш Щ Ъ Ы Ь Э
Ю Я
Non-Slavic letters
А́ А̀ Ӑ А̄ А̊ А̃ Ӓ
Ӓ̄ В̌ Ә Ә́ Ә̃ Ӛ Ӕ
Ғ Г̧ Г̑ Г̄ Г̣ Г̌ Ҕ
Ӻ Ғ̌ Ӷ Ԁ Ԃ
Д̆ Д̣ Ԫ Ԭ Д̆ Ӗ
Е̄ Е̃ Ё̄ Є̈ Ӂ Җ
Ӝ Ԅ Ҙ Ӟ З̌ З̱ З̣
Ԑ Ԑ̈ Ӡ Ԇ Ӣ И̃ Ҋ
Ӥ И́ Қ Ӄ Ҡ Ҟ Ҝ
Ԟ К̣ Ԛ Ӆ Ԯ Ԓ Ԡ
Ԉ Ԕ Ӎ Ӊ Ң Ԩ Ӈ
Ҥ Ԣ Ԋ О́ О̀ О̆ О̂
О̃ О̄ Ӧ Ӧ̄ Ө Ө̄ Ө́
Ө̆ Ӫ Ҩ Ԥ Ҧ Р̌ Ҏ
Ԗ Ҫ С̣ С̱ Ԍ Т̌ Т̣
Ҭ Ԏ У̃ Ӯ
Ӱ Ӱ́ Ӳ Ү Ү́ Ұ Х̣
Х̱ Х̮ Х̑ Ҳ Ӽ Ӿ Һ
Һ̈ Ԧ Ҵ Ҷ Ӵ
Ӌ Ҹ Ҽ Ҿ
Ы̆ Ы̄ Ӹ Ҍ Э̆ Э̄ Э̇
Ӭ Ӭ́ Ӭ̄ Ю̆ Ю̈ Ю̈́ Ю̄
Я̆ Я̄ Я̈ Ԙ Ԝ Ӏ
Archaic letters
Ҁ Ѻ
Ѹ Ѡ Ѽ Ѿ
Ѣ Ѥ Ѧ
Ѫ Ѩ Ѭ Ѯ
Ѱ Ѳ Ѵ Ѷ

Pe (П п; italics: П п) is a letter of the Cyrillic script.

It commonly represents the unaspirated voiceless bilabial plosive /p/, like the pronunciation of ⟨p⟩ in "spin".

History

The Cyrillic letter Pe was derived from the Greek letter Pi (Π π).

The name of Pe in the Early Cyrillic alphabet was покои (pokoi), meaning "peaceful state".

In the Cyrillic numeral system, Pe had a value of 80.

Form

Handwritten Pe in Russian

The capital Cyrillic letter Pe looks exactly like the Greek capital Pi from which it is derived, and small Pe looks like a smaller version of the same, though with a less prominent horizontal bar (Greek Π π > Cyrillic П п). Pe is not to be confused with the Cyrillic letter El (Л л; italics: Л л), which has a hook on its left leg in some fonts (in others El resembles the Greek Lambda (Λ)).

In italics and handwriting, capital Pe looks identical to the Greek capital Pi in these forms. The lowercase forms, however, differ among the languages that use the Cyrillic alphabet. Small italic Cyrillic Pe п in the majority of fonts or handwritten styles looks like the small italic Latin N n. In handwritten Serbian, however, it appears as a Latin U u with a bar over it ū.

Usage

As used in the alphabets of various languages, Pe represents the following sounds:

The pronunciations shown in the table are the primary ones for each language; for details consult the articles on the languages.

Language Position in
alphabet
Pronunciation
Belarusian 17th /p/, /pʲ/
Bulgarian 16th /p/, /pʲ/
Macedonian 20th /p/
Russian 17th /p/, /pʲ/
Serbian 19th /p/
Ukrainian 20th /p/

Related letters and other similar characters

Computing codes

Character П п
Unicode name CYRILLIC CAPITAL LETTER PE CYRILLIC SMALL LETTER PE
Encodings decimal hex decimal hex
Unicode 1055 U+041F 1087 U+043F
UTF-8 208 159 D0 9F 208 191 D0 BF
Numeric character reference П П п п
KOI8-R and KOI8-U 240 F0 208 D0
Code page 855 221 DD 216 D8
Windows-1251 207 CF 239 EF
ISO-8859-5 191 BF 223 DF
Macintosh Cyrillic 143 8F 239 EF

External links

  • The dictionary definition of П at Wiktionary
  • The dictionary definition of п at Wiktionary
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