Paul Bragg

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Paul Bragg
Paul Bragg.jpg
Born February 6, 1895
Batesville, Indiana
Died December 7, 1976 (aged 81)
Miami Beach, Florida
Nationality American
Spouse(s) Neva Parnin (m. 1915; div. 1928)
Betty Brownlee (m. 1931; div. 1932)
Children 3
Relatives Patricia Bragg (daughter-in-law)

Paul Chappuis Bragg (February 6, 1895 – December 7, 1976) was an American health food advocate and bodybuilder.[1]

Biography

Born as Paul Chappuis Bragg, Bragg claimed he was born in 1881 in Fairfax County, Virginia,[2] but genealogical research indicates he was born on February 6, 1895 in Batesville, Indiana, where his father was Editor/Publisher/printer of the "Batesville Democratic Herald" newspaper.

Bragg grew up in Washington, D.C. with his parents, Robert Elton Bragg (1866-1944), who had procured a U.S. Civil Service position there ("Batesville Tribune" newspaper, November 28, 1895), and Caroline (Chappuis) Bragg (1859-1934). He had two brothers, James Elton Bragg and John Harrison Bragg. His father was employed by the U.S. Printing Office. ("Robert E. Bragg, 77, retired government printer,...died Monday at his home....Surviving are his wife, Mrs. Tyler Bragg, Miami, three sons, James of New York, Paul and John, both of Burbank, Calif.;...." Robert E. Bragg obituary, Miami Herald, February 15, 1944). However, in the 1972 Edition of the Bragg Apple Cider Vinegar System booklet, at page 12, and in later editions, Bragg claimed both that his father was "a splendid farmer" and that "I am the oldest of 16 children".

Although there is currently no evidence of the existence of a sister he named "Louise" that he claimed to have tutored to good health in his "Miracle of Fasting" publications, Paul Bragg and his two brothers did have a half brother named "Rufus Albert Chappuis" (1880-1948), presumably due to an earlier marriage of their mother, Caroline. (Caroline J. Bragg obituary, Los Angeles Times, 13 January 1934, page 6; Rufus Chappius obituary; Lancaster-Eagle Gazette, Lancaster, Ohio, 2 September, 1948).

At some point, Bragg enlisted with the Washington D.C. National Guard for "three Years", as is shown on his 1917 Draft Registration, which he filed with the Indianapolis, Indiana draft board that year.

Although Paul Bragg had claimed participation in both the 1908 (London) and 1912 (Stockholm) Olympics as a member of the U.S. Wrestling Team, the "Encyclopedia of American Wrestling" (Pub. 1988, Mike Chapman, author) does not show any such person as a member in either year.

In 1915 Bragg married Neva Cecelia Parnin (1897-1988) at the Chapel of St. Barnabas in New York City.[3] They moved to Indianapolis, where Bragg became an agent with The Metropolitan Life Insurance Company.

Several years later, Bragg returned to the East Coast and was employed by various YMCAs & school districts in physical or athletic director capacities, his last known position before moving to California being football coach for the 1920 season at Connersville High School, Connersville, Pennsylvania. ("New Physical Instructor, Paul Bragg, Will Be Coach Of C.H.S. Eleven", The Connersville Daily Courier, July 31, 1920).

In 1921 Bragg and his family, now also including two young daughters, Neva Pauline/Polly and Lorraine Agnes Bragg (both born in Washington, D.C. on 10/14/1917 & 10/3/1919, respectively), came to California, where Paul was again employed by the YMCA (Los Angeles Times, 9/28/1921). Son, Robert Elton, was born in Los Angeles County on March 25, 1922. It is unknown how long Bragg stayed with the Los Angeles "Y", but in 1922 he was in charge of the Physical Education Department at San Luis Obispo [CA] High School (SLO Daily Telegraph, September 15, 1922), and in 1924 he was a physical education teacher at Redondo Union High School, Redondo Beach, California.("Calling All Grads of Class of 1924", Van Nuys Valley News, March 31, 1974.)

Circa 1926, Paul Bragg apparently left paid employment and became an entrepreneur in the health field, first by opening an establishment on N. 7th Street, Los Angeles, called "Health Center of Los Angeles" and then, in 1928, "Bragg Health Center" on South Hill Street, Los Angeles. Likely to publicize these businesses, he also wrote a weekly health column (in the early days they were "advertorials") in The Los Angeles Times from 1926 to 1928 which he sometimes called "Newslets" and other times "Health Notes". The health services that business endeavors offered are described in the advertorials and columns.

In 1930 Bragg was sued in Federal Court/San Francisco by St. Louis Estes, a Los Angeles-area raw food health lecturer/manufacturer [See Estes Wikipedia page], charging infringement of copyright in that "A 1929 publication of Bragg is a rearrangement of material in an earlier book on raw food written by Estes." ("Raw Food Advocate Sues On Copyright", San Francisco Chronicle October 24, 1930). The outcome of this lawsuit is unknown.

Lecturing

1929 was the beginning of Paul Bragg's health lecture tours where he went to various American cities (for instance, San Antonio & Dallas, Texas in 1929; San Francisco & Oakland, California and Denver, Colorado in 1930), rented a facility, advertised heavily, then gave a series of lectures—usually over a period of five or six consecutive evenings. His lectures were free, but he did charge a fee for post-lecture private consultation. ($20 circa 1935—approximately $343 in 2015 dollars per CPI calculation—according to testimony in a Maryland court case against him).

1929 was also the copyright year of the first health book attributed to Bragg as author, "Cure Yourself". Since book stores or book departments in retail stores in that era were usually only accessible in the more highly populated areas, another purpose of Bragg's lecture tours was most likely to promote and sell his books.

Divorce

During the Braggs' first decade in California, Paul and Neva Bragg divorced,[4] and in the 1930 U.S. Census, Neva & her new husband, August Busch, were shown living with the three Bragg children in Los Angeles, California.

Bragg married Gertrude Elizabeth Brownlee (born 6 July 1902, Eau Claire, Wisconsin) on 17 February 1930 in Clearwater, Florida. Brownlee was an Advance Manager for the Bragg lectures; Bragg stated his age as 49, his residence as Hollywood, California, and his birthplace as Pinkle, Virginia. Paul Bragg and Gertrude Elizabeth Brownlee Bragg were divorced in January 1932 in Los Angeles County, California. [5] Paul Bragg apparently never remarried.

There is no record of Paul Bragg being counted in the 1930 U.S. Census, although Burbank, California city directories of the time reflect his residence in that city from 1935 to 1954, and that his food manufacturing company, Live Food Products, Inc., later Bragg Live Foods, Inc., was also located there during that period. Subsequently he relocated to Desert Hot Springs, California, and later in the 1960s, at least part-time, to Hawaii.

Death

Bragg was reported to have died of a heart attack in the emergency room of South Shore Hospital in Miami, Florida on December 7, 1976. [6][7][8] Patricia Bragg was reported as saying that Bragg "was injured by a wave in the surf six months ago and his health began to decline after the accident".[9] Bragg was cremated on December 10, 2015 by the Lithgow Funeral Center, Miami.[7] A memorial service was held in Hawaii and "participants brought flowers to scatter with Mr. Bragg's ashes in the Ft. DeRussey Beach waters off Waikiki."[10]

Education

Although Bragg claimed advanced scientific degrees in newspaper and magazine interviews—including, but not limited to, his 1975 People article—it is unknown if these claims are accurate. The most recently released 1940 Federal Census (April 2012, accessible on-line), showing him living on National Avenue in Burbank, California, gives his age as "45" and the highest attained academic grade for him as "H1", which would be only one year of high school. On October 8, 1914, Washington, D.C.'s Evening Star newspaper reported that Paul C. Bragg was appointed to the student staff of The Balance Sheet, a newly planned newspaper of that city's "Business High School", as its "Athletic Editor". Currently, no books authored by Bragg refer to any specific educational accomplishments, but a 1977 publication he co-authored with Patricia Bragg, titled The Shocking Truth about Water, appends the titles of N.D. and Ph.D. behind his name, although in earlier booklets he published under only his name prior to his death, such as "Bragg Apple Cider Vinegar System" (Thirteenth Printing 1972) and "Building Powerful Nerve Force..." (Fifth Printing 1973), he uses the titles "N.D." and "Ph.T", not "Ph.D" as editions printed after his death indicate.

Legacy

Bragg advocated using deep breathing, water fasts, organic foods, drinking distilled water, juicing, exercise, listening to one's body, and many other techniques as methods of prolonging life span.

Patricia Bragg, Bragg"s former daughter-in-law, according to official records,[1] has since taken over Bragg's health empire, having previously married (and later divorced) Bragg's son, Robert Elton Bragg.[11] She has stated that she was legally adopted by Paul.[12] The company they started and ran, Bragg Live Food Products, Inc. of the Bragg Health Institute is still viable and continues to sell the products its known for, like liquid aminos and apple cider vinegar.[13][14]

Bragg was the inspiration and personal health and fitness adviser to several Olympic athletes: Murray Rose, Betty Cuthbert of Australia, his relative Don Bragg (pole-vaulter), and others. Jack LaLanne, the original "TV Fitness King", said that "Bragg saved my life at age 15 when I attended the Bragg Crusade in Oakland, California".[15]

Bragg also wrote many books, including The Miracle of Fasting and Live Food Cook Book and Menus.[16]

References

  1. ^ a b Bragg Live Foods & Health Books - Pioneering Health Since 1912
  2. ^ Dr. Paul Bragg, 94, Turns the Actuarial Tables: 'I Have An Ageless, Tireless, Painless Body'"People" Magazine, 8/11/1975
  3. ^ Washington Post 11/22/1915
  4. ^ Los Angeles Times, 9/26/1928, p. 24
  5. ^ Los Angeles Times 12 Jan. 1932
  6. ^ December 10, 1976 in The Miami Herald at Page 10-B ("He was stricken at the Crest View Apartments and rushed by rescue squad to the hospital where he died a short time later.")
  7. ^ a b Certificate of Death issued by the State of Florida, State File No. 76-084611, Register No. 15075.
  8. ^ https://www.youtube.com/all_comments?v=mAI2MqEaYZ0
  9. ^ Miami Herald edition of December 10, 1976
  10. ^ December 19, 1976, The Advertiser (Honolulu) and The Star-Bulletin (Honolulu)
  11. ^ Public Records, L. A. County Case No. D490122)
  12. ^ Pignataro, Anthony (28 February 2008). "In the Name of the 'Father'". Maui Time Weekly. Archived from the original on 29 January 2011. Retrieved 5 June 2011. 
  13. ^ "Bragg Live Foods Products Inc./Bragg Health Institute | CCOF - Organic certification, education and outreach, advocacy and leadership since 1973". www.ccof.org. Retrieved 2018-06-10. 
  14. ^ "Bragg Live Foods, Bragg Apple Cider Vinegar, Bragg Liquid Aminos,Systemic Enzymes, Bragg Live Organic Food Products, Patricia Bragg, Paul Bragg, Bragg Organic Olive Oil, Bragg Salad Dressings, Bragg Seasonings, Bragg Health Products". www.bragg.com. Retrieved 2018-06-10. 
  15. ^ Bragg Live Foods inc. website (http://bragg.com/about/paul.html)
  16. ^ Hollywood, California: Live Food Products, Inc., 1930

External links

  • Bragg.com, Paul and Patricia Bragg's website
  • People Magazine, 1975 article about Paul Bragg
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