Patrialis Akbar

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Patrialis Akbar
Patrialis Akbar PD-IDGov.jpg
Akbar in 2010
28th Minister of Justice and Human Rights of Indonesia
In office
October 22, 2009 – October 19, 2011
President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono
Preceded by Mohammad Andi Mattalatta
Succeeded by Amir Syamsuddin
Personal details
Born (1958-10-31) October 31, 1958 (age 60)
Padang, Sumatera Barat, Indonesia
Nationality Indonesia

Patrialis Akbar (born 31 October 1958) is an advocate and politician who was member of the Constitutional Court Justice of the Indonesian Constitutional Court for the period 2013-2017 from Padang, West Sumatra. He has a complete career in three branches of state, legislative, executive and judicial power. He had served as a member of the House of Representatives for two periods (1999–2004 and 2004–2009).

Education and early career

He obtained his law degree from the Muhammadiyah University of Jakarta and then had a career as an advocate.[1]

Early in his career Patrialis Akbar had worked as a city transportation driver majoring in Pasar Senen-Jatinegara Jakarta, and taxi drivers in the capital. After earning a law degree at the University of Muhammadiyah Jakarta, he pursued the lawyer's profession for some time before finally starting to plunge into politics, and joined the National Mandate Party (PAN), which later led him to become a member of the DPR-RI two periods 1999-2004 and 2004-2009 from the electoral district of West Sumatra. [6] While in Senayan, Patrialis had joined the DPR and the MPR. In the MPR, Patrialis was listed as one of the actors in the amendments to the 1999 - 2002 1945 Constitution by becoming a Member of the BP MPR, PAH III, and PAH I. This PAH III (1999) and PAH I (2000-2002) designed the amendments to the 1945 Constitution. in the DPR, Patrialis was listed as commission III, one of which was in charge of legal matters. During the administration of President SBY he was elected Minister of Law and Human Rights of the United Indonesia Cabinet Volume II. The man with the blood of Minang and the father of five children eventually became Constitutional Justice after giving his oath of office as a constitutional judge for the term of office from 2013 to 2018 on August 13 at the State Palace, Jakarta [2]

Justice Minister

Akbar was part of the Second United Indonesia Cabinet and served as Minister of Justice and Human Rights in Indonesia from 22 October 2009 until 19 October 2011.

Constitutional Court Justice

In 2013, former President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono attempted to appoint Akbar to the Constitutional Court of Indonesia at the end of Achmad Sodiki's term, but the Jakarta State Administrative Court blocked Akbar's appointment as well as that of his fellow justice Maria Farida Indrati. Legal activists cited Akbar's poor performance as a minister as well as his personal ties to the president.[3] Yudhoyono's office appealed the ruling on behalf of Akbar and Indrati,[4][5] succeeding after the Jakarta High Administrative Court found that the petition against Akbar and Indrati lacked legal standing for the challenge.[6]

Alongside Aswanto, Akbar was one of several judges or former judges who had spoken out in favor of a Constitutional Court ruling to ban premarital sex.[7]

In June 2015, Akbar rejected a judicial review requested by children's rights groups to raise Indonesia's minimum age for marriage for women from 16 to 18. He said there was no guarantee raising the age limit would reduce the incidence of divorce, health problems or social problems.[8]

Corruption arrest and conviction

Akbar's tenure on the Constitutional Court was ultimately cut short despite the presidential appeals that head led to his initial appointment. In January 2017, the Corruption Eradication Commission arrested Akbar and ten other defendants in a sting operation on suspicion of corruption in an animal health law. Constitutional Chief Justice Arief Hidayat led an investigation into their colleagues, clearing their fellow justices Manahan Sitompul and I Dewa Gede Palguna but finding enough evidence for Akbar's dismissal.[9]

On 4 September 2017, The judges said Akbar received $10,000 in expenses to perform minor hajj and about $300 for golf expenses.[10]

References

  1. ^ VIVA News
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Ina Parlina , Administrative court strips Patrialis of MK seat. Jakarta Post, 24 December 2013. Accessed 17 August 2016.
  4. ^ Palace Defends Patrialis Appointment, Prepares Appeal. Jakarta Globe, 24 December 2013. Accessed 24 October 2016.
  5. ^ Indonesian govt considering appealing against verdict annulling constitutional court justice appointment. Antara News, 24 December 2013. Accessed 24 October 2016.
  6. ^ Simon Butt, The Constitutional Court and Democracy in Indonesia, pg. 41. Leiden: Brill Publishers, 2015. ISBN 9789004250598
  7. ^ Hans Nicolas Jong, Rights activists to present their case at MK hearings. Jakarta Post, 25 August 2016.
  8. ^ Putri, Adelia (19 June 2015). "Indonesian court says no to raising minimum marrying age for girls". Rappler. Retrieved 4 September 2017.
  9. ^ Yustinus Paat and Eko Prasetyo, Patrialis Akbar Dismissed From Constitutional Court. Jakarta Globe, 28 January 2017. Accessed 2 February 2017.
  10. ^ Associated Press, Associated Press (4 September 2017). "Top Indonesia Judge Gets 8 Years in Prison for Corruption". VoA News. Retrieved 6 November 2018.

External links

  • Profile
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