Patit Pavan Mandir

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Patit Pawan Mandir is a Hindu temple in Ratnagiri, Maharashtra, India. It was built by Shriman Bhagojisheth Keer in 1931.

Patit in Marathi refers to the lowest, humblest, downtrodden man in the society. Pawan becomes purified, enlightened, awakened and fulfilled. The temple took this name to refer which transforming the downtrodden to the pure form, restoring a worshipper's rights as a human being. It aims to be a place where the untouchable, or dalit, can perform the puja, worship their god as everyone else does.

The entry of untouchables in a temple was unthinkable in the 1930s. If even the shadow of an untouchable fell on an upper caste man he would bathe again. Vinayak Damodar Sawarkar saw this, thought that this was wrong and devoted a great part of his life to fight against it. When Shriman Bhagojisheth Keer established the Patit Pawan Mandir in Ratnagiri he created a storm in society.

A Hindi film by Sudhir Phadke on the life of Savarkar was shot in Ratnagiri and has scenes shot in Patit Pawan Mandir. This film was in fact the last film for which Babuji last sang and composed music.

Further reading

  • Kane, Pandurang Vaman: History of Dharmasastra: (ancient and mediaeval, religious and civil law) — Poona : Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute, 1962–1975

External links

  • Official website
  • Articles on Caste by Koenraad Elst: Caste in India, Buddhism and Caste, Indian tribals and Caste, Physical anthropology and Caste, Etymology of Varna

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