Pathanapuram

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Pathanapuram
Town & Taluk
Town
Pathanapuram Engineering College
Pathanapuram Engineering College
Nickname(s): Taluk Headquarters
Pathanapuram is located in Kerala
Pathanapuram
Pathanapuram
Coordinates: 9°05′34″N 76°51′40″E / 9.0927°N 76.8612°E / 9.0927; 76.8612Coordinates: 9°05′34″N 76°51′40″E / 9.0927°N 76.8612°E / 9.0927; 76.8612
Country  India
State Kerala
District Kollam
Taluk Pathanapuram
Named for elephant town
Government
 • Type Taluk
 • Body Gram panchayath
Area[1]
 • Total 24.20 km2 (9.34 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 432,904
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 689695
Telephone code 0475
Vehicle registration KL-02, KL-25, KL-77
Nearest city Pathanamthitta Adoor Kottarakara Punalur
Lok Sabha constituency Mavelikara
Assembly constituency Pathanapuram
Literacy 93.63%
Website kollam.nic.in/patha.html/, www.onefivenine.com/india/villages/Kollam/Pathanapuram/Pathanapuram/

Pathanapuram (Pathanāpuraṁ) is a Major Town in Kollam district of the kerala state of India. It is situated in Pathanapuram taluka.[1] It is also the headquarters of Pathanapuram taluk.Pathanapuram Taluk of Kollam district has total population of 432,904 as per the Census 2011. Out of which 203,695 are males while 229,209 are females. In 2011 there were total 115,661 families residing in Pathanapuram Taluka. The Average Sex Ratio of Pathanapuram Taluka is 1,125. It is 45 km from District headquarters Kollam.

As per Census 2011 out of total population, 10.8% people lives in Urban areas while 89.2% lives in the Rural areas. The average literacy rate in urban areas is 94.3% while that in the rural areas is 93.5%. Also the Sex Ratio of Urban areas in Pathanapuram Taluka is 1,119 while that of Rural areas is 1,126.

The population of Children of age 0-6 years in Pathanapuram Taluka is 40441 which is 9% of the total population. There are 20355 male children and 20086 female children between the age 0-6 years. Thus as per the Census 2011 the Child Sex Ratio of Pathanapuram Taluka is 987 which is less than Average Sex Ratio ( 1,125 ) of Pathanapuram Taluka.

The total literacy rate of Pathanapuram Taluka is 93.63%. The male literacy rate is 86.12% and the female literacy rate is 83.78% in Pathanapuram Taluka.

History

The history of Pathanapuram goes back to Thenmala Desam, a small Principality under a local ruler. Capital was at Pathanapuram. Later, Thenmala Desom became a part of Elayidathu Swaroopam having its capital at Kottarakkara. Pathanapuram was the capital of one of the two districts of Elayidathu Swaroopam. In 1764, King Marthandavarma conquered Elayidathu Swaroopam and annexed it to Travancore. Most parts of Pathanapuram taluk were inhabited since before the Indus Valley Civilization, and civilization may have existed in and around Pathanapuram beginning the 1st Century. The name Pathanapuram may have evolved from the fact that the area had a sizeable elephant population and elephants were caught and trained/tamed for work at the elephant cage/camp at the Town. The Old police station area used to be the elephant Camp. The name can be translated as Path =(10)+Ana = (elephant) + Puram = (Town) == Ten Elephant Town. Pathanam means palace or house. Puram means town. Thus the word Pathanapuram means Town with Palace (of the king of Thenmala Desom)or Town with lot of houses.

Geography

Pathanapuram is spread over an area of 24.20 km2 (9.34 sq mi).

Demographics

As of 2011 census of India, Pathanapuram Panchayat had a population of 32,339. The total population constitute, 15,129 males and 17,210 females —a sex ratio of 1138 females per 1000 males. 3,052 children are in the age group of 0–6 years, of which 1,536 are boys and 1,516 are girls —a ratio of 987 per 1000. The average literacy rate stands at 92.94% with 27,218 literates.[1]

Transport

The area is well connected to the rest of the state by bus services of KSRTC. The nearest railway stations to the town are Chengannur, Kollam, Kayamkulam, Punalur and Avaneeswaram. KSRTC sub depot also situated in Pathanapuram near Forest Range Office. Nearest airport is Trivandrum (80 km).

Politics

Pathanapuram assembly constituency is a part of the Mavelikkara Loksabha Constituency.[2] Kodikunnil Suresh is the present member of parliament who won the 2014 Indian general election. Pathanapuram is also the home constituency of actor turned politician K. B. Ganesh Kumar. He has won from this constituency in the 2001, 2006, 2011 as UDF Candidate and in 2016 Assembly election as LDF Candidate .[3][4] He is the current M. L. A. from Pathanapuram. He was the Minister of Forests, Sports & Cinema till April 2013.

Tourism

Pathanapuram lies on the border of the Periyar National Park.

Educational Institutions

There are somany educational institutions in Pathanapuram St.Stephen's HSS Pathanapuram, Mount Tabor Girls HSS Pathanapuram, MTLPS Pathanapuram, Mount Tabor Training College Pathanapuram, Mother Susan EMLPS Pathanapuram, Al-Ameen Public School Pathanapuram, St.Mary's Senior Secondary School Pathanapuram,

References

  1. ^ a b c d "District Census Handbook - Kollam" (PDF). Census of India. p. 138. Retrieved 5 March 2016. 
  2. ^ "Assembly Constituencies - Corresponding Districts and Parliamentary Constituencies" (PDF). Kerala. Election Commission of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2009. Retrieved 2008-10-20. 
  3. ^ "Election 2011: Pathanapuram Constituency Result". India Ballot. Archived from the original on 24 February 2012. 
  4. ^ "Pathanapuram election results". Newsreporter.in. 2011-05-13. 
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