Passerea

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Passerea
Temporal range:
Late Cretaceous - Holocene, 75–0 Ma
Stagonopleura bella male - Melaleuca.jpg
Beautiful firetail (Stagonopleura bella)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Clade: Neoaves
Clade: Passerea
Jarvis et al., 2014
Clades

Passerea is a clade that was proposed by Jarvis et al. (2014).[1] Jarvis et al. rescued two major clades within Neoaves, Passerea and Columbea, and concluded that both clades appear to have many ecologically driven convergent traits.

According to Jarvis (2014), these convergences include the footpropelled diving trait of grebes in Columbea with loons and cormorants in Passerea; the wading-feeding trait of flamingos in Columbea with ibises and egrets in Passerea; and pigeons and sandgrouse in Columbea with shorebirds (killdeer) in Passerea. For Jarvis (2014), these long-known trait and morphological alliances suggest that some of the traditional nongenomic trait classifications are based on polyphyletic assemblages.

Nevertheless, Passerea was not rescued in further studies.[2]

Phylogeny

Cladogram of Passerea relationships based on Jarvis, E.D. et al. (2014)[1] with some clade names after Yury, T. et al. (2013).[3]

Passerea
Otidae

Cypselomorphae (hummingbirds, swifts)White-eared Hummingbird (Basilinna leucotis) white background.jpg


Otidimorphae

Cuculiformes (cuckoos)Common Cuckoo by Mike McKenzie white background.jpg




Otidiformes (bustards)Eupodotis afraoides -Kalahari Gemsbok National Park, South Africa-8 white background.jpg



Musophagiformes (turacos)Red-crested Turaco RWD white background.jpg






Gruae

Opisthocomiformes (hoatzin)Hoatzin white background.jpg


Gruimorphae

Gruiformes (rails and cranes)Sandhill Crane (Grus canadensis pratensis) (6852440498) white background.jpg



Charadriiformes (shorebirds)Chroicocephalus ridibundus (summer) white background.jpg





Ardeae

Aequornithes (loons, penguins, herons, pelicans, storks, etc)Chinstrap Penguin white background.jpgWeißstorch (Ciconia ciconia) white background.jpg


Eurypygimorphae

Eurypygiformes (sunbittern, kagu)Sunbittern RWD white background.jpg



Phaethontiformes (tropicbirds)Red-billed Tropicbird JCB white background.jpg





Telluraves





Telluraves
Afroaves
Accipitrimorphae

CathartiformesBlack Vulture RWD2013A white background.jpg



AccipitriformesGyps fulvus -Basque Country-8 white background.jpg





Strigiformes (owls)Tyto alba -British Wildlife Centre, Surrey, England-8a (1) white background.jpg


Coraciimorphae

Coliiformes (mousebirds)


Eucavitaves

Leptosomatiformes (cuckoo roller)


Cavitaves

Trogoniformes (trogons)Trogon surrucura brazil white background.jpg


Picocoraciae

Bucerotiformes (hornbills, hoopoe and wood hoopoes)Nordlig hornkorp white background.jpg


Picodynastornithes

CoraciformesHalcyon smyrnensis in India (8277355382) white background.jpg



PiciformesDendrocopos major -Durham, England -female-8 white background.jpgRamphastos toco -Stadtgärtnerei Zürich - 20100919 white background.jpg









Australaves

Cariamiformes (seriamas, terror birds etc.)Seriema (Cariama cristata) white background.jpgPhorusrhacid skeleton white background.jpg


Eufalconimorphae

Falconiformes (falcons)Male Peregrine Falcon (7172188034) white background.jpg


Psittacopasserae

Psittaciformes (parrots)Cockatiel Parakeet (Nymphicus hollandicus)9 white background.jpg



Passeriformes (songbirds and kin)Gorrion alfeizar Habana white background.jpg






References

  1. ^ a b Jarvis, E. D.; Mirarab, S.; Aberer, A. J.; et al. (2014). "Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds". Science. 346 (6215): 1320–1331. doi:10.1126/science.1253451. PMC 4405904Freely accessible. PMID 25504713. 
  2. ^ Prum, R.O. et al. (2015) A comprehensive phylogeny of birds (Aves) using targeted next-generation DNA sequencing. Nature 526, 569–573.
  3. ^ Yuri, T.; et al. (2013). "Parsimony and Model-Based Analyses of Indels in Avian Nuclear Genes Reveal Congruent and Incongruent Phylogenetic Signals". Biology. 2 (1): 419–444. doi:10.3390/biology2010419. PMC 4009869Freely accessible. PMID 24832669. 


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