Parawa

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Parawa
The Parawa Junction Hotel in September 2009
The Parawa Junction Hotel in September 2009
Parawa is located in New Zealand
Parawa
Parawa
Coordinates: 45°32′S 168°32′E / 45.533°S 168.533°E / -45.533; 168.533
Country  New Zealand
Island South Island
Region Southland Region
Territorial authority Southland District
Time zone NZST (UTC+12)
 • Summer (DST) NZDT (UTC+13)
Postcode(s) 9793
Area code(s) 03
Local iwi Ngāi Tahu

Parawa is a locality in Southland, New Zealand, on State Highway 6, 5 km SW of Athol and immediately north of Mid Dome mountain. Its name is a corruption of Paiherewao, what Maori called the mountain.[1] In the 19th century, several versions of the name were used, including Parrawa and Parrowa.

The Parawa Junction Hotel was built in 1867, near where the main road crosses the Parawa Creek, to service traffic from the south coast to the central Otago goldfields and nearby goldfield at Nokomai. The hotel operated for a century, then was a tearoom for a number of years before closing.

The Kingston Branch railway opened through the district in January 1878, and soon after a Parawa siding was built.[2] It operated until the closure of the line in November 1979. For many years Parawa was known for its very small post office, which was open from 1904–1985.

Before the First World War, a flax mill owned by I. W. Raymond & Co. operated near the entrance to the Nokomai Gorge. In 1904 it employed around 20 people.[3]

References

  1. ^ Reed, A. W. (1975). Place names of New Zealand. Wellington: A. H. & A. W. Reed. ISBN 0-589-00933-8. 
  2. ^ Meyer,R. J. (1980) All Aboard (2nd ed.), Wellington: NZ Railway & Locomotive Society, ISBN 0-908573-27-8, p. 36
  3. ^ Cyclopedia of New Zealand (1905), Vol.4: Otago & Southland, Christchurch: Cyclopedia Co. Ltd., p. 1015
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