Paralus and Xanthippus

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Paralus and Xanthippus (Gr. Πάραλος and Ξάνθιππος) were the two legitimate sons of Pericles, Xanthippus being the older one and Paralus the younger, and hence members of the Alcmaeonid family.[1] Xanthippus was named after Pericles' father, while Paralus was named after the sacred trireme and flagship of the Athenian fleet.

They were educated by their father with the greatest care, but they both appear to have been of inferior capacity, which was uncompensated by their poor worth of character, although contemporary and some later writers seemed to consider Paralus to have been a somewhat more hopeful youth with more potential than his brother. Both of them had the nickname of Blitomammas (Βλιτομάμμας, literally "cabbage sucker", an epithet for a slow or dim-witted person).[2] Both Xanthippus and Paralus, along with their mother, fell victims to the plague in 429 BC. Pericles himself succumbed shortly thereafter.[3][4][5][6][7]


  1. ^ Mason, Charles Peter (1867). "Paralus and Xanthippus". In William Smith. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 3. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. p. 121. Archived from the original on 2013-10-31.
  2. ^ Liddell, Henry; Robert Scott (1996). A Greek-English Lexicon. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 319. ISBN 0-19-864226-1.
  3. ^ Plutarch, Pericles 24, 36
  4. ^ Plutarch, de Consolat. p. 118, e.
  5. ^ Plato, First Alcibiades p. 118, e., with the scholiast on the passage
  6. ^ Plato, Protagoras p. 319, e.
  7. ^ Athenaeus, xi. p. 505, 506

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainSmith, William, ed. (1870). "article name needed". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.

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