Paradoxurinae

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Paradoxurinae
Binturong in Overloon.jpg
Binturong (Arctictis binturong)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Viverridae
Subfamily: Paradoxurinae
Gray, 1864
Genera

The Paradoxurinae are a subfamily of the viverrids that was denominated and first described by John Edward Gray in 1864.[1] Pocock subordinated the oriental genera Paradoxurus, Paguma and Arctictis to this subfamily.[2][3]

Classification

Living species

Paradoxurus Cuvier, 1822[4] Asian palm civet (P. hermaphroditus) (Pallas, 1777)[5]
Asian or Common Palm Civet Paradoxurus hermaphroditus Chambal by Dr. Raju Kasambe (6).JPG
LC[6]
Asian Palm Civet area.png
Golden palm civet (P. zeylonensis) (Pallas, 1778)[7]
Paradoxurus zeylonensis.jpg
VU[8]
Golden Palm Civet area.png
Golden wet-zone palm civet (P. aureus) Cuvier, 1822[4]
Smit.Paradoxurus aureus.jpg
Sri Lankan brown palm civet (P. montanus) Kelaart, 1852
Brown palm civet (P. jerdoni) Blanford, 1885[9]
ParadoxurusJerdoniSmit.jpg
LC[10]
Jerdon's Palm Civet area.png
Golden dry-zone palm civet (P. stenocephalus) Groves et al., 2009[11]
Arctictis Temminck, 1824 Binturong (A. binturong) (Raffles, 1822)
Binturong in Overloon.jpg
VU[12]
Binturong area.png
Paguma Gray, 1831[13] Masked palm civet (P. larvata) (Smith, 1827)
Palm civet on tree (detail).jpg
LC[14]
Masked Palm Civet area.png
Arctogalidia Merriam, 1897[15] Small-toothed palm civet (A. trivirgata) (Gray, 1832)[16]
Small-toothed Palm Civet (Arctogalidia trivirgata stigmatica) (8076736823) (cut).jpg
LC[17]
Small-toothed Palm Cive area.png
Macrogalidia Schwarz, 1910 Sulawesi palm civet (M. musschenbroekii) (Schlegel, 1877)
Macrogalidia musschenbroekii.jpg
VU[18]
Sulawesi Palm Civet area.png

Phylogenetic tree

The phylogenetic relationships of Paradoxurinae are shown in the following cladogram:[19][20]

 Paradoxurinae 
 Paradoxurus 

Paradoxurus zeylonensis (Golden palm civet)

Paradoxurus montanus (Sri Lankan brown palm civet)

Paradoxurus stenocephalus (Golden dry-zone palm civet)

Paradoxurus aureus (Golden wet-zone palm civet)

Paradoxurus jerdoni (Jerdon's palm civet)

Paradoxurus hermaphroditus (Asian palm civet)

 Macrogalidia 

Macrogalidia musschenbroekii (Sulawesi palm civet)

 Paguma 

Paguma larvata (Masked palm civet)

 Arctictis 

Arctictis binturong (Binturong)

Extinct genera

References

  1. ^ Gray, J. E. (1864). A revision of the genera and species of viverrine animals (Viverridae), founded on the collection in the British Museum. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London for the year 1864: 502–579.
  2. ^ Pocock, R. I. (1933). The rarer genera of oriental Viverridae. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London '1933'(4): 969–1035.
  3. ^ Pocock, R. I. (1939). The fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Mammalia. – Volume 1. Taylor and Francis, London. Pp. 376–439.
  4. ^ a b Cuvier, F. (1822). "Du genre Paradoxure et de deux espèces nouvelles qui s'y rapportent". In Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, É.; Cuvier, G. (eds.). Mémoires du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle. 9. Paris: A. Belin. pp. 41–48.
  5. ^ Pallas, P. S. (1778). "Das Zwitterstinktier Viverra hermaphrodita". In Schreber, J. C. D. (ed.). Die Säugethiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur, mit Beschreibungen. Erlangen: Wolfgang Walther. p. 426.
  6. ^ Duckworth, J. W.; Timmins, R. J.; Choudhury, A.; Chutipong, W.; Willcox, D.H.A.; Mudappa, D.; Rahman, H.; Widmann, P.; Wilting, A. & Xu, W. (2016). "Paradoxurus hermaphroditus". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T41693A45217835. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T41693A45217835.en.
  7. ^ Pallas, P. S. (1778). "Der Boshond Viverra zeylonensis". In Schreber, J. C. D. (ed.). Die Säugethiere in Abbildungen nach der Natur, mit Beschreibungen. Erlangen: Wolfgang Walther. pp. 451–452.
  8. ^ Duckworth, J. W.; Mudappa, D.; Pethiyagoda, R.; Woolgar, J.; de Silva Wijeyeratne, G. & Hall, J. (2016). "Paradoxurus zeylonensis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN: e.T41694e.T41694A45218119. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T41694A45218119.en.
  9. ^ Blanford, W.T. (1855). "Exhibition and description of a skull of an apparently new Species of Paradoxurus (Paradoxurus jerdoni)". Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London: 612–613.
  10. ^ Mudappa, D.; Choudhury, A. & Punjabi, G. A. (2016). "Paradoxurus jerdoni". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T16104A45201757. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T16104A45201757.en.
  11. ^ Groves, C. P.; Rajapaksha, C.; Manemandra-Arachchi, K. (2009). "The taxonomy of the endemic golden palm civet of Sri Lanka" (PDF). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society. 155: 238–251. doi:10.1111/j.1096-3642.2008.00451.x.
  12. ^ Willcox, D. H. A.; Chutipong, W.; Gray, T. N. E.; Cheyne, S.; Semiadi, G.; Rahman, H.; Coudrat, C. N. Z.; Jennings, A.; Ghimirey, Y.; Ross, J.; et al. (2016). "Arctictis binturong". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T41690A45217088. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T41690A45217088.en.
  13. ^ Gray, J. E. (1831). "Paguma". Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London. 1. London: Zoological Society of London. p. 95.
  14. ^ Duckworth, J. W.; Timmins, R. J.; Chutipong, W.; Choudhury, A.; Mathai, J.; Willcox, D. H. A.; Ghimirey, Y.; Chan, B. & Ross, J. (2016). "Paguma larvata". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T41692A45217601. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T41692A45217601.en.
  15. ^ Merriam, C. H. (1897). "The generic names Ictis, Arctogale, and Arctogalidia". Science. 5 (112): 302.
  16. ^ Gray, J. E. (1832). "On the family of Viverridae and its generic sub-divisions, with an enumeration of the species of several new ones". Proceedings of the Committee of Science and Correspondence of the Zoological Society of London. 2: 63–68.
  17. ^ Willcox, D.H.A.; Duckworth, J. W.; Timmins, R. J.; Chutipong, W.; Choudhury, A.; Roberton, S.; Long, B.; Hearn, A. & Ross, J. (2016). "Arctogalidia trivirgata". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T41691A45217378. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T41691A45217378.en.
  18. ^ Willcox, D.H.A.; Duckworth, J.W.; Timmins, R.J.; Chutipong, W.; Choudhury, A.; Roberton, S.; Long, B.; Hearn, A. & Ross, J. (2016). "Arctogalidia trivirgata". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T41691A45217378. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-1.RLTS.T41691A45217378.en.
  19. ^ Gaubert, P. & Cordeiro-Estrela, P. (2006). "Phylogenetic systematics and tempo of evolution of the Viverrinae (Mammalia, Carnivora, Viverridae) within feliformians: implications for faunal exchanges between Asia and Africa" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 41 (2): 266–278. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.05.034. PMID 16837215. open access
  20. ^ Nyakatura, K. & Bininda-Emonds, O. R. P. (2012). "Updating the evolutionary history of Carnivora (Mammalia): a new species-level supertree complete with divergence time estimates". BMC Biology. 10: 12. doi:10.1186/1741-7007-10-12. PMC 3307490.
  21. ^ a b Lars Werdelin (2019). "'Middle Miocene Carnivora and Hyaenodonta from Fort Ternan, western Kenya" (PDF). Geodiversitas. 41 (6).
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