Papuan people

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Papuan people
Orang Papua
Children-in-Papua-New-Guinea.jpg
Children dressed up for sing-sing in Yengisa, Papua New Guinea.
Regions with significant populations
 Papua New Guinea

 Indonesia: 2,693,630 (2010 census)[1]
(West Papua (region) and Maluku Islands)

 East Timor
Languages
Papuan languages
Trans–New Guinea languages
Indonesian language
Religion
Christianity (Protestantism, Roman Catholicism)
Sunni Islam
Animism
Related ethnic groups
Indigenous Australians
Melanesians
Moluccans

Papuan people are the various indigenous peoples of New Guinea and neighbouring islands, speakers of the Papuan languages. They are often distinguished ethnically and linguistically from Austronesians, speakers of a language family introduced into New Guinea about three thousand years ago.

Genetics

A Papuan sailboat

In a 2005 study of ASPM gene variants, Mekel-Bobrov et al. found that the Papuan people have among the highest rate of the newly evolved ASPM haplogroup D, at 59.4% occurrence of the approximately 6,000-year-old allele.[2] While it is not yet known exactly what selective advantage is provided by this gene variant, the haplogroup D allele is thought to be positively selected in populations and to confer some substantial advantage that has caused its frequency to rapidly increase.

Papuan ethnic groups

Indonesia territory

Papua New Guinea territory

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ "Kewarganegaraan, Suku Bangsa, Agama, Dan Bahasa Sehari-Hari Penduduk Indonesia". Badan Pusat Statistik. 2010. Retrieved 2017-07-18. 
  2. ^ "Ongoing Adaptive Evolution of ASPM, a Brain Size Determinant in Homo sapiens", Science, 9 September 2005: Vol. 309. no. 5741, pp. 1720–1722.

Further reading

  • W. G. Lawes (1882), "New Guinea and Its People", Popular Science Monthly 

External links

  • Media related to People of Papua New Guinea at Wikimedia Commons


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