Panopeus lacustris

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Panopeus lacustris
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Infraorder: Brachyura
Superfamily: Xanthoidea
Family: Panopeidae
Genus: Panopeus
Species: P. lacustris
Binomial name
Panopeus lacustris
Desbonne in Desbonne & Schramm, 1867[1]
Synonyms[1]
  • Panopeus crassus A. Milne-Edwards, 1880
  • Panopeus herbstii granulosus A. Milne-Edwards, 1880

Panopeus lacustris, the knot-fingered mud crab, is a true crab belonging to the infraorder Brachyura. It can be distinguished from related species by its exceptionally broad and knobbly main chela (claw).[2]

Description

The knot-fingered mud crab is a small crab with unequal-sized chelae. The larger one is particularly broad and has teeth in the "molar area" and an immobile finger. Often this claw is worn and coalesced. The carapace and upper side of the limbs are a dull mottled reddish colour while the underside the body and limbs is whitish. Individuals living in caves are paler in colour and have antennules with white spots.[2]

Distribution and habitat

The knot-fingered mud crab is native to the sub-tropical western Atlantic Ocean, its range including southern Florida, Bermuda, the Caribbean Sea, the West Indies, and along the coast of South America as far south as Cabo Frio in Brazil. It was introduced into Hawaii in the 1950s and has also been present on the Pacific coast of California since the 1980s or earlier.[2]

Ecology

This crab is sometimes parasitised by Loxothylacus panopaei, a species of parasitic barnacle that develops inside a host crab,[3] manipulating the behaviour of the crab so that it cares for the barnacle's eggs, carrying them around and brooding them under its abdomen as if they were its own young.[4] In fact, both male and female crabs are prevented from breeding and effectively castrated by the parasitic barnacle.[4] Other mud crabs also act as hosts to the barnacle, but it was as a parasite of the knot-fingered mud crab that it was first described in 1884, the type locality being Tampa, Florida.[3]

References

  1. ^ a b Davie, Peter (2010). "Panopeus lacustris Desbonne in Desbonne & Schramm, 1867". World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c Puglisi, Melany P. (1 October 2008). "Panopeus lacustris Desbonne, 1867". Indian River Lagoon Species Inventory. Smithsonian Marine Station at Fort Pierce. Retrieved 8 December 2017. 
  3. ^ a b Fofonoff, P.W.; Ruiz, G.M.; Steves, B.; Simkanin, C.; Carlton, J.T. (2017). "Loxothylacus panopaei". NEMESIS. Retrieved 7 December 2017. 
  4. ^ a b "Introduced Crab Parasites Hijack Mud Crab Reproduction in Chesapeake Bay". Smithsonian Environmental Research Center. August 2015. Retrieved 11 December 2017. 
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