Panglao, Bohol

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Panglao
Municipality
Municipality of Panglao
St. Augustine church and watchtower
St. Augustine church and watchtower
Map of Bohol, Panglao Island with Panglao highlighted
Map of Bohol, Panglao Island with Panglao highlighted
Panglao is located in Philippines
Panglao
Panglao
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 9°35′N 123°45′E / 9.58°N 123.75°E / 9.58; 123.75Coordinates: 9°35′N 123°45′E / 9.58°N 123.75°E / 9.58; 123.75
Country  Philippines
Region Bohol, Panglao Island
Province Bohol, Panglao Island
District 1st District
Founded 1803
Barangays 10 (see Barangays)
Government[2]
 • Type Sangguniang Bayan
 • Mayor Nila Montero[1]
 • Vice Mayor Pedro Fuertes[1]
 • Congressman Rene Relampagos
 • Electorate 21,394 voters (2016)
Area[3]
 • Total 47.79 km2 (18.45 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[4]
 • Total 33,553
 • Density 700/km2 (1,800/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code 6340
PSGC 071233000
IDD:area code +63 (0)38
Climate type Tropical monsoon climate
Income class 4th municipal income class
Revenue (₱) 128,505,879.05 (2016)
Native languages Boholano dialect
Cebuano
Tagalog
Website www.panglao.gov.ph
Map of Panglao showing barangays and islands

Panglao, officially the Municipality of Panglao, (Cebuano: Lungsod sa Panglao; Tagalog: Bayan ng Panglao), is a 4th class municipality in the province of Bohol, Panglao Island, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 33,553 people.[4]

It is one of two municipalities that make up Panglao Island. (the other being Dauis). Panglao is known for its diving locations and tourist resorts.

The name Panglao may have come from its former name Panglawod, meaning "to the open sea",[5] or derived from the word panggaw, referring to a fishing implement used by locals.[6]

Panglao has educational institutions, including the San Agustin Academy (Panglao), Lourdes National High School, the Cristal e-College, and elementary schools located in every barangay (including the Panglao Central Elementary School).

Panglao Island International Airport will serve as Bohol's primary airport replacing Tagbilaran Airport. It is expected to be commercially available in August 2018.[7]

History

Well before the Spanish colonization, the area was already long visited by Chinese and other Asian traders, as evinced by archaeological finds of Tang, Song, and Ming dynasty porcelain and trade wares.[6]

Panglao flourished during the rule of the Dapitan kingdom, but raids by Moluccans and conquest by Ternate resulted in periods of depopulation when its population fled mostly to Panay and Mindanao, including Dapitan.[6]

During the Spanish rule, a Jesuit mission post was established, that in 1782 was formed into a parish, known as La Iglesia de San Agustin de Panglawod. In 1803, the town was officially made into a municipality.[5]

The Panglao watchtower was built in 1851. The 5-storey octagonal tower is the tallest of its kind in the Philippines but suffers from neglect.[5]

Geography

The municipality occupies the southwestern part of the eponymous Panglao Island, and its territory also includes the three smaller islands of Balicasag,[8] Gak‑ang, and Pontod (or Pungtud, also known as Virgin Island).[6]

There are no fresh water streams or lakes on the island, so for its drinking water, the municipality is dependent on wells and the Canhilbas Underground Spring.[6]

Climate

Climate data for Panglao, Bohol
Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C
°F
30.3
86.5
30.5
86.9
31.4
88.5
32.6
90.7
33.1
91.6
32.5
90.5
32.1
89.8
32.3
90.1
32.1
89.8
31.9
89.4
31.6
88.9
31.0
87.8
31.8
89.2
Average mean °C
°F
26.3
79.3
26.3
79.3
26.9
80.4
27.9
82.2
28.5
83.3
28.1
82.6
27.8
82.0
27.9
82.2
27.7
81.9
27.6
81.7
27.3
81.1
26.9
80.4
27.5
81.5
Average low °C
°F
22.3
72.1
22.2
72.0
22.5
72.5
23.3
73.9
23.9
75.0
23.7
74.7
23.5
74.3
23.6
74.5
23.4
74.1
23.3
73.9
23.1
73.6
22.9
73.2
23.1
73.6
Average rainfall   mm
in
119
4.7
90
3.5
88
3.5
70
2.8
96
3.8
147
5.8
137
5.4
116
4.6
130
5.1
190
7.5
217
8.5
144
5.7
1,544
61
Climate-data.org[9] July 2016 Köppen-Geiger climate classification Af Coronas type III

Barangays

Panglao comprises 10 barangays:

PSGC Barangay Population ±% p.a. Area PD2015
2015[4] 2010[10] ha acre /km2 /sq mi
071233001 Bil‑isan 10.9% 3,649 3,050 3.47% 364 899 1,000 2,600     
071233002 Bolod 5.7% 1,906 1,690 2.32% 598 1,478 320 830     
071233003 Danao 14.7% 4,935 3,860 4.79% 790 1,952 620 1,600     
071233004 Doljo 10.2% 3,417 3,004 2.48% 110 272 3,100 8,000     
071233005 Libaong 6.4% 2,132 1,842 2.82% 423 1,045 500 1,300     
071233006 Looc 7.6% 2,543 2,282 2.08% 254 628 1,000 2,600     
071233007 Lourdes 4.6% 1,544 1,387 2.06% 377 932 410 1,100     
071233008 Poblacion 15.8% 5,305 4,831 1.80% 683 1,688 780 2,000     
071233009 Tangnan 10.9% 3,645 3,324 1.77% 629 1,554 580 1,500     
071233010 Tawala 13.3% 4,477 3,333 5.78% 892 2,204 500 1,300     
Total 33,553 28,603 3.09% 4,779 11,809 700 1,800
Poblacion: 5,305 (15.8%) Danao: 4,935 (14.7%) Tawala: 4,477 (13.3%) Tangnan: 3,645 (10.9%) Bil-isan: 3,649 (10.9%) Doljo: 3,417 (10.2%) Looc: 2,543 (7.6%) Libaong: 2,132 (6.4%) Bolod: 1,906 (5.7%) Lourdes: 1,544 (4.6%)Circle frame.svg

Demographics

Population census of Panglao
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1903 7,050 —    
1918 9,065 +1.69%
1939 9,411 +0.18%
1948 11,274 +2.03%
1960 11,836 +0.41%
1970 13,309 +1.18%
1975 13,624 +0.47%
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1980 14,547 +1.32%
1990 17,004 +1.57%
1995 18,095 +1.17%
2000 21,337 +3.60%
2007 25,558 +2.52%
2010 28,603 +4.18%
2015 33,553 +3.09%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[4][10][11][12]


Tourism

The primary tourist attraction of Panglao are its white sandy beaches, of which Alona Beach is the most famous and most developed. Alona Beach is about 1,500 metres (1,640 yd) long, lined with palm trees. resorts, and shops.[13] However it has drawn criticism for its unrestrained development that ignored municipal development policies, warning against overcrowding and Alona to lose its paradise-like image.[14] Therefore, the municipal, provincial and national governments are ploughing ahead with a plan to build a new international airport on Panglao island, with the final approach path directly over Alona beach. Currently plan is to be operational at the end of 2018. Other beaches include Bagobo, Bolod, Danao, Doljo, and Momo Beaches.

Panglao is renowned for snorkeling and dive sites such as Doljo Beach, Garden Eels, Arco Point, Kalipayan, Napaling, and Puntod. The island's southern portion is ringed with reefs that are relatively narrow and shallow (5 to 6 metres (16 to 20 ft)) with submarine cliffs plunging to depths of 33 to 56 metres (108 to 184 ft).[15] Tours can readily be arranged to further dive sites, including Balicasag and Pamilacan, Bohol islands.

Gallery

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b "Montero reassumes mayoral post; Fuertes calls move 'inciting to sedition'". 2018-09-10. Retrieved September 10, 2018.
  2. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  3. ^ "Province: Bohol". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  4. ^ a b c d Census of Population (2015). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  5. ^ a b c "Bohol Panglao Island Travel Guide". A1 Online Communication and Advertising. Retrieved 6 September 2012.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Municipal Profile". Municipality of Panglao. Archived from the original on 2012-09-15. Retrieved 5 September 2012.
  7. ^ "New Panglao airport set to open by August | the Freeman".
  8. ^ "Balicasag Island". Dream Native Resort. Archived from the original on 25 June 2015. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  9. ^ "Climatological Information for Panglao, Bohol". AmbiWeb GmbH. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  10. ^ a b Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  11. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region VII (Central Visayas)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  12. ^ "Province of Bohol". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
  13. ^ "Alona Beach, Panglao Island". A1 Online Communication and Advertising. Retrieved 6 September 2012.
  14. ^ Philstar, Angeline Valencia (15 August 2012). "Mayor Alcala warns Panglao may become as crowded as Boracay". Retrieved 6 September 2012.
  15. ^ "Panglao Island Diving". A1 Online Communication and Advertising. Retrieved 6 September 2012.

External links

  • Municipality of Panglao
  • Panglao
  • Alona Beach Guide
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