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Drawing of a pancharatha building

A Hindu temple is a pancharatha when there are five rathas (on plan) or pagas (on elevation) on the tower of the temple (generally a shikhara).[1] The rathas are vertical offset projection or facets. The name comes from the sanskrit Pancha (=five) and Ratha (=chariot), but the link with the concept of chariot is not clear.

There are also temples with three rathas (triratha), seven rathas (saptaratha) and nine rathas (navaratha).[1]

Triratha, Pancharatha and Saptaratha

Examples of pancharatha temples

Pancharatha temples
Isanesvara Siva Temple in Bhubaneswar 
Jagannath Temple in Baripada 
Lingaraja Temple in Bhubaneswar 


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See also

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