Palo Alto County, Iowa

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Palo Alto County, Iowa
Palo Alto County IA Courthouse.jpg
Map of Iowa highlighting Palo Alto County
Location in the U.S. state of Iowa
Map of the United States highlighting Iowa
Iowa's location in the U.S.
Founded January 15, 1851
Named for Battle of Palo Alto
Seat Emmetsburg
Largest city Emmetsburg
Area
 • Total 569 sq mi (1,474 km2)
 • Land 564 sq mi (1,461 km2)
 • Water 5.6 sq mi (15 km2), 1.0%
Population (est.)
 • (2015) 9,133
 • Density 17/sq mi (7/km2)
Congressional district 4th
Time zone Central: UTC−6/−5
Website paloaltocountyiowa.com

Palo Alto County is a county located in the U.S. state of Iowa. As of the 2010 census, the population was 9,421.[1] The county seat is Emmetsburg.[2] It is named for the first battlefield victory in the Mexican–American War.[3]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 569 square miles (1,470 km2), of which 564 square miles (1,460 km2) is land and 5.6 square miles (15 km2) (1.0%) is water.[4]

Major highways

Adjacent counties

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 132
1870 1,336 912.1%
1880 4,131 209.2%
1890 9,618 132.8%
1900 14,354 49.2%
1910 13,845 −3.5%
1920 15,486 11.9%
1930 15,398 −0.6%
1940 16,170 5.0%
1950 15,891 −1.7%
1960 14,736 −7.3%
1970 13,289 −9.8%
1980 12,721 −4.3%
1990 10,669 −16.1%
2000 10,147 −4.9%
2010 9,421 −7.2%
Est. 2016 9,047 [5] −4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]
1790-1960[7] 1900-1990[8]
1990-2000[9] 2010-2013[1]

2010 census

The 2010 census recorded a population of 9,421 in the county, with a population density of 16.7089/sq mi (6.4514/km2). There were 4,628 housing units, of which 3,994 were occupied.[10]

2000 census

2000 Census Age Pyramid for Palo Alto County

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 10,147 people, 4,119 households, and 2,673 families residing in the county. The population density was 18 people per square mile (7/km²). There were 4,631 housing units at an average density of 8 per square mile (3/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.62% White, 0.09% Black or African American, 0.19% Native American, 0.31% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.19% from other races, and 0.57% from two or more races. 0.76% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,119 households out of which 28.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.30% were married couples living together, 5.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.10% were non-families. 30.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.00% under the age of 18, 9.50% from 18 to 24, 23.20% from 25 to 44, 21.90% from 45 to 64, and 21.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,409, and the median income for a family was $41,808. Males had a median income of $28,344 versus $19,655 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,733. About 6.60% of families and 10.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.20% of those under age 18 and 9.10% of those age 65 or over.

Communities

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Palo Alto County.[12]

county seat

Rank City/Town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)
1 Emmetsburg City 3,904
2 Graettinger City 844
3 West Bend (partially in Kossuth County) City 785
4 Ruthven City 737
5 Mallard City 274
6 Ayrshire City 143
7 Cylinder City 88
8 Curlew City 58
9 Rodman City 45

Politics

Presidential Elections Results
Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 65.5% 3,081 29.7% 1,398 4.8% 224
2012 54.4% 2,660 43.8% 2,139 1.8% 88
2008 47.7% 2,294 50.5% 2,428 1.8% 86
2004 51.5% 2,674 47.8% 2,482 0.7% 35
2000 48.5% 2,341 48.2% 2,326 3.2% 156
1996 38.6% 1,817 50.4% 2,371 11.0% 515
1992 33.3% 1,789 44.1% 2,374 22.6% 1,216
1988 37.4% 2,041 61.8% 3,377 0.8% 45
1984 46.7% 2,715 51.9% 3,018 1.3% 77
1980 50.7% 3,025 41.3% 2,463 8.0% 480
1976 44.4% 2,623 53.9% 3,182 1.7% 99
1972 51.8% 3,141 46.9% 2,845 1.3% 80
1968 50.0% 3,114 46.2% 2,874 3.8% 235
1964 33.2% 2,206 66.8% 4,441 0.0% 0
1960 49.0% 3,551 51.0% 3,695 0.0% 3
1956 51.1% 3,795 48.8% 3,624 0.0% 2
1952 60.5% 4,595 39.4% 2,993 0.1% 9
1948 39.3% 2,594 58.5% 3,858 2.3% 149
1944 42.4% 2,772 57.0% 3,726 0.5% 35
1940 42.5% 3,322 57.3% 4,482 0.2% 18
1936 35.6% 2,613 61.6% 4,515 2.8% 205
1932 36.2% 2,378 62.3% 4,094 1.5% 96
1928 54.5% 3,463 44.7% 2,843 0.8% 49
1924 49.5% 2,943 10.0% 593 40.5% 2,411
1920 71.4% 3,904 26.8% 1,467 1.7% 95
1916 48.5% 1,594 49.6% 1,630 1.9% 63
1912 30.3% 953 40.5% 1,274 29.2% 918
1908 52.8% 1,639 43.2% 1,340 4.0% 124
1904 63.3% 1,999 34.2% 1,081 2.4% 77
1900 55.5% 1,908 42.9% 1,477 1.6% 55
1896 50.0% 1,595 48.5% 1,547 1.5% 48

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 12, 2011. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ McCarty, Dwight Gaylord (1910). History of Palo Alto County, Iowa. Torch Press. p. 63. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  6. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 20, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Population & Housing Occupancy Status 2010". United States Census Bureau American FactFinder. Retrieved May 31, 2011. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ https://www.census.gov/2010census/
  13. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-04-27. 

External links

Coordinates: 43°04′48″N 94°40′51″W / 43.08000°N 94.68083°W / 43.08000; -94.68083

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