Pakubuwono II

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Pakubuwono II (also transliterated Pakubuwana II) (1711–1749) was the last ruler of Kartasura and the first Susuhunan (ruler of Surakarta).[1]

His correct title in Javanese etiquette standards contains honorific appellations, some of which each successive ruler inherits. [2] His move of his court from Kartasura to Surakarta was to avert the calamities that occurred at the former palace.[3][4]


  1. ^ Pemberton, John (1994), On the subject of "Java", Cornell University Press, ISBN 978-0-8014-9963-0 chapter one Seminal Contradictions: Founding the Palace of Surakarta. The Royal Progress of 1745.
  2. ^ Miksic, John (general ed.), et al. (2006) Karaton Surakarta. A look into the court of Surakarta Hadiningrat, central Java (First published: 'By the will of His Serene Highness Paku Buwono XII'. Surakarta: Yayasan Pawiyatan Kabudayan Karaton Surakarta, 2004) Marshall Cavendish Editions Singapore ISBN 981-261-226-2
  3. ^ Ricklefs, M.C. (1974) Jogjakarta under Sultan Mangkubumi, 1749–1792: A history of the division of Java . London Oriental Series, vol. 30. London : Oxford University Press, (Revised Indonesian edition 2002)
  4. ^ Ricklefs, M.C. (1998) The seen and unseen worlds in Java, 1726–49: History, literature and Islam in the court of Pakubuwana II. St. Leonards NSW: The Asian Studies Association of Australia in association with Allen and Unwin; Honolulu : The University of Hawai'i Press.
Preceded by
Amangkurat IV
Susuhunan of Surakarta
Succeeded by
Pakubuwono III
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