Pakatan Harapan

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Pakatan Harapan
Alliance of Hope
ڤاکتن هارڤن
பாக்காத்தான் ஹரப்பான்
நம்பிக்கை கூட்டணி
Abbreviation PH
Leader Anwar Ibrahim
Chairman Mahathir Mohamad
President Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
Deputy Presidents Lim Guan Eng
Mohamad Sabu
Muhyiddin Yassin
Vice-Presidents Chong Chieng Jen
Mohamed Azmin Ali
Salahuddin Ayub
Mukhriz Mahathir
M. Kulasegaran
Christina Liew[1]
Founded 22 September 2015
Preceded by Pakatan Rakyat
Headquarters Kuala Lumpur (DAP and AMANAH)
Petaling Jaya (PKR)
Putrajaya (PPBM)
Newspaper Malaysiakini
The Rocket
Suara Keadilan
Suara Amanah
Student wing Mahasiswa Pakatan Harapan
Youth wing Pemuda Pakatan Harapan[2][3]
Women's wing Wanita Pakatan Harapan[4]
Membership Democratic Action Party (DAP)
People's Justice Party (PKR)
National Trust Party (AMANAH)
Malaysian United Indigenous Party (PPBM)
Ideology Social democracy
Social liberalism
Political position Centre-left
Colours Red
Slogan Pakatan Harapan Rakyat
Dewan Negara:
4 / 70
Dewan Rakyat:
71 / 222
Dewan Undangan Negeri:
153 / 587
Election symbol
Parti Keadilan Rakyat logo.svg
(All except DAP East Malaysia)
Democratic Action Party Flag.svg
(DAP East Malaysia)

The Alliance of Hope (Malay: Pakatan Harapan; abbrev: PH) is a political alliance that was founded in 2015 as a coalition of left-leaning and centre parties. It is the second largest coalition in the Parliament of Malaysia. Coalition president Wan Azizah Wan Ismail has been Opposition Leader of Malaysia since 18 May 2015. In state level, it is also the largest party in 2 of 13 state legislative assemblies of Malaysia and forms the government in the states of Selangor and Penang.

The coalition was formed on 22 September 2015, consisting the Democratic Action Party, People's Justice Party, National Trust Party and Malaysian United Indigenous Party.[5] The movement has aimed to form a broad alliance of centre-left parties for the general election due to be held before 24 August 2018.

The coalition has chosen former Prime Minister and coalition chairman, Mahathir Mohamad, and coalition president, Wan Azizah, as their candidates for the Prime Minister and Deputy Prime Minister post respectively for the upcoming General Election.



Pakatan Harapan is a direct successor to the three-party Pakatan Rakyat coalition that consisted the People's Justice Party (PKR), the Democratic Action Party (DAP) and the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party (PAS). Pakatan Harapan was founded on 22 September 2015, two years after the 2013 general election, due to disagreements and conflicts between PAS and DAP mainly regarding on the issue of the implementation of the sharia law, resulting in PAS splitting off from Pakatan Rakyat and the break-up of the coalition on 16 June 2015.[6][7][8] The dissolution resulted in the formation of a new coalition named Pakatan Harapan, consisting the former Pakatan Rakyat parties, PKR and DAP, and a PAS split-off party, the National Trust Party (AMANAH).[9][10]

On 12 November 2016, a UMNO split-off party, the Malaysian United Indigenous Party, abbreviated as PPBM, confirmed that the party is committed to join the opposition bloc Pakatan Harapan, as stated by PPBM Chairman and former Malaysian Prime Minister, Mahathir Mohamad.[11][12] Later on 13 December, PPBM formed an electoral pact with Pakatan Harapan through a seven-point agreement at the PKR headquarters,[13] and on 14 March 2017, PPBM officially joined Pakatan Harapan as a member party.[14]

On 14 July 2017, the Presidential council line-up was confirmed. A common logo was also introduced with the word “Harapan” with the “A” shaped as a chevron in white on a red background. The logo will be used by all participating candidates should the pact register in time for the 14th Malaysian general election.[15] The pact also announced that PKR logo will be used as its election symbol during the election.[16]

Member parties

As of December 2016, Pakatan Harapan's member parties include :

Strategic partners

Leadership Structure

Elected representatives

Dewan Negara (Senate)


Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives)

Members of Parliament of the 13th Malaysian Parliament

Dewan Undangan Negeri (State Legislative Assembly)

Malaysian State Assembly Representatives

Alternative federal budgets

Pakatan Harapan state governments


  1. ^ Ram Anand (11 September 2017). "Pakatan Harapan adds two VPs to represent Indians, Sabahans". The Malay Mail. Retrieved 11 September 2017. 
  2. ^ Masriwanie Muhamading (12 May 2017). "Pakatan Harapan youth wings' economic model targeting 1mil jobs for youth". Astro Awani. Retrieved 12 May 2017. 
  3. ^ "Senarai penuh Majlis Pimpinan Pemuda Pakatan Harapan" (in Malay). Astro Awani. 31 October 2017. Retrieved 31 October 2017. 
  4. ^ "Wanita Pakatan pledges to raise women in politics, economy, social welfare". The Malaysian Insight. 11 October 2017. Retrieved 11 October 2017. 
  5. ^ Melissa Goh (22 September 2015). "Malaysia's opposition band together under new Pakatan Harapan alliance". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 3 October 2015. 
  6. ^ Boo Su-Lyn (11 June 2015). "With PAS-DAP split, Pakatan's Putrajaya dream now laid to waste, analysts say". The Malay Mail. Retrieved 19 June 2015. 
  7. ^ "Pakatan Rakyat Split Will Change Country's Political Landscape". Bernama. Malaysian Digest. 17 June 2015. Retrieved 19 June 2015. 
  8. ^ Asrul Hadi Abdullah Sani (18 June 2015). "Break up of Malaysia's opposition bloc Pakatan Rakyat: What happened and what's next?". The Straits Times. Retrieved 19 June 2015. 
  9. ^ Harits Asyraf Hasnan (22 September 2015). "New Pakatan Harapan coalition formed". Astro Awani. Retrieved 23 September 2015. 
  10. ^ Shannon Teoh (23 September 2015). "Malaysia's opposition forms Pakatan Harapan alliance". The Straits Times. Retrieved 23 September 2015. 
  11. ^ Melissa Goh (12 November 2016). "'The only way to win is to unite and contest under one party': Mahathir". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 12 November 2016. 
  12. ^ Sheridan Mahavera (16 November 2016). "By courting rural Muslims, has Malaysia's opposition found key to winning power for first time in 60 years?". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 16 November 2016. 
  13. ^ Hana Naz Harun (13 December 2016). "PPBM officially signs agreement to join Pakatan Harapan". New Straits Times. Retrieved 13 December 2016. 
  14. ^ "PPBM wants name change before joining Pakatan Harapan". Antara Pos. 14 March 2017. Retrieved 14 March 2017. 
  15. ^ "Dr Mahathir Mohamad is Pakatan chairman, Dr Wan Azizah made president". The Malay Mail. Today Online. 14 July 2017. Retrieved 14 July 2017. 
  16. ^ Kamarul Azhar (7 April 2018). "Pakatan Harapan to use PKR 'eye' symbol for GE14". The Edge. Retrieved 7 April 2018. 
  17. ^ a b Minderjeet Kaur (6 March 2018). "PH names Hindraf, New Gen Party as strategic partners". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 6 April 2018. 
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